Panchshanbe Market, Khujand


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Bazaar called "Thursday"

Panchshanbe Covered Market is one of Khujand's vibrant attractions. Its name is consonant with the capital of Tajikistan - Dushanbe, and this is no accident. These names mean the days of the week: Dushanbe - Monday, Panchshanbe - Thursday. They traded in Dushanbe on Mondays, and in Khujand on Thursdays.

The Panchshanbe market, speaking in the oriental “bazaar”, is located in the very center of Khujand, and in front of it is the mausoleum of Sheikh Muslihiddin. The bazaar consists of the main pavilion and many shops, tents, and shops adjacent to it. It is always very noisy here, as not only residents of the city come for shopping, but also guests from nearby villages.

The main feature of the Panchshanbe market is its unique architecture and decor. The construction of the pavilion was carried out in the middle of the twentieth century and was completed in 1964. The bazaar building combines elements of classicism and the Stalinist empire, and the decoration is harmoniously executed using the Soviet and Eastern styles. A hemispherical portal, decorated with colorful paintings, rises above the main entrance, and sculptures of a man and a woman are installed on the sides. If you go inside, you can see a long vaulted hall with slender rows of columns.

The range of products on the Panchshanbe market is very large, but it can be conditionally divided into two parts. On the ground floor, in a huge hall, they sell various products, fruits and vegetables, tortillas and spices, which are the main attribute of any market in Central Asia. Here you can truly feel the flavor of the eastern bazaar. On the second floor there are many shops and shops selling clothes, electronics and various household goods. Here you can see the malls familiar to the post-Soviet space.

For those who are going to visit Khujand, one can definitely recommend a walk around the Panchshanbe market - without it, the image of the ancient city would be incomplete.

Mosque architecture

The mosque Masjidi Jami was built at the beginning of the XVI century as part of the ancient complex of the mausoleum of Sheikh Muslikhiddin. On its south side, the mosque faces Sharq Street - there are no openings in the wall, only a deep portico is located on the right edge. The openwork vaulted aivan, the central room of the mosque, is decorated with 30 columns and is surrounded by walls on three sides. The high dome of Masjidi Jami, blue on the outside and white inside, is covered with rich carvings, and sacred paintings are painted on the walls and porches of the mosque, made in gold on green - a sacred color for Islam.

A minaret with a dome lamp and arched openings is installed in the north-eastern part of the prayer complex. The height of the minaret is 20 meters.

East market

On the square in front of the mosque are the buildings and tents of the central market of Khujend. This is the famous Panchshanbe base, the largest indoor market in Central Asia. The name "Panchshanbe" is translated as "Thursday", "fourth day" - in the old days it was on this day that the main trade took place. The current market building appeared in the 1950s. Today, sellers and buyers come to the market not only from the Sughd region, but also from other areas of Tajikistan.

There are always a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables, local spices and, of course, national Tajik cakes at the bazaar.

A trip to the bustling Panchshanbe market will help to imbue with the local customs and appreciate the oriental flavor. In addition, the main attractions of the city are located within walking distance from it.

Reason 1: the ancient history of the city

In Khujand, many medieval monuments, mosques, mausoleums and even remains are preserved Khujand fortress. This is the historical pride of all of Tajikistan. It was founded in the VI century BC and was one of the most impregnable in Central Asia.

Khujand fortress is considered the heart of the city. For 2500 years, it expanded along with the city, was destroyed by the conquerors, rebuilt again, but always remained a symbol of people's resilience. In the XIII century, the fortress was almost completely destroyed during the Mongol invasion. Some historians claim that they restored it in the 15th century; another part believes that the reconstruction began shortly after the siege. Now only a small part of the fortress remains.

To the right of the entrance is a museum of archaeological finds and fortifications, where you can see all the exhibits associated with the fortress. The museum is located in the eastern part of the old Khujand fortress. Outwardly, it imitates the appearance of a medieval building with thick mud brick walls and high towers. Before you climb the fortress itself, you must definitely go to the museum and get acquainted with its history. It works daily, and admission and excursion are free.

Another obligatory stop for tourists is mausoleum of sheikh muslihiddin. Despite numerous destruction and rebuilding, the mausoleum still gives an idea of ​​the medieval architecture of the city. The mausoleum was erected on the grave of Muslihiddin Khujandi - a poet and ruler of the city, who lived in the XII century. Sheikh Muslihiddin is said to have been a holy miracle worker. After his death, he was buried in the village of Unji, but after a while admirers transferred his ashes to Khujand and erected a mausoleum over his grave.

Reason 2: Central Asia's most famous indoor market

Title Panchshanbe Market Translated from Tajik means "Thursday". It was on this day that the most rapid trade was before. This is one of the most striking sights of Khujand. Its main feature is its unique architecture. The construction of the pavilion was completed in 1964. A hemispherical portal, decorated with bright national paintings, rises above the main entrance.

It is always very noisy here, not only the townspeople, but also the residents of nearby villages come for shopping. As in any other eastern market, there is a very rich selection of various fruits and, most interestingly, the products are mainly domestic.

For those who are going to visit Khujand, one can definitely recommend a walk around the Panchshanbe market - without it, the image of the ancient city would be incomplete.

Reason 3: Khujand rugs

Carpets are considered a mandatory attribute of every home in sunny Tajikistan. The largest carpet manufacturer is located in Khujand. This is another reason to come here. “Kairakkum Carpets” - One of the largest diversified companies producing carpets and rugs not only in Tajikistan, but throughout Central Asia. The company's products are distinguished by their own style.

“The designs of our carpets are both classic and modern, which in turn are divided into different types. That is, if we are talking about modern designs, then it can be modern, hi-tech. To meet the needs of our consumers, we have a very large assortment of carpets, we use various threads: synthetic, acrylic, polypropylene, half-woolen, woolen, silk-like, polyester yarns, ”said Akmal Jurabayev, Commercial Director.

Artists of the enterprise constantly come up with new ornaments and drawings. It takes more than a month to create some carpets. The entire collection can be found in the exhibition hall. Guests are always welcome here: they will show and tell about the production. Also, visitors can purchase a carpet, from small to large, to their taste, and even order a product with a portrait of relatives and friends. Skilled craftsmen bring to life even the most incredible ideas.

Reason 4: traditional pilaf

For those who want to get acquainted with the traditional cuisine of Tajikistan, the road also lies in Khujand. It is located here National Pilaf Center. This center is currently the only one in the country, and it was created with the aim of preserving and popularizing the tradition of cooking different varieties of pilaf, as well as other national dishes.

Pilaf, like barbecue, does not tolerate female hands. Therefore, the Center trains it exclusively by men. Another feature of this dish is the habit of mixing different types of oil. Also included are rice, meat and spices. There are about 200 recipes for oshi palava, but so far 15 types are being cooked in the center, with each month the number of pilaf species is increasing here.

When the oil is heated, the cook adds the meat. Its preparation must be monitored very carefully. After frying, add water and salt. Leave for a few minutes. For the preparation of pilaf, the choice of carrot variety is very important. After that, add kazy, peas, grape leaves, raisins, zira to the pilaf and leave for 40 minutes. After cooking, the cook should serve the dish beautifully. This is one of the traditions of Tajikistan.

Reason 5: Tajik Sea

20 kilometers from Khujand is Tajik sea. This is a great place for relaxing and fishing. This artificial pond was created in the 50s of the XX century due to the closure of the Syrdarya river bed. Its length is 55 kilometers and a maximum depth of 25 meters. The Tajik Sea is a popular holiday destination. Tourists from all over the world come here to enjoy the beauty of this area.

Various resorts, recreation areas and children's camps stretch along the coast. People come here for treatment even from neighboring countries. The warm Tajik sea, beach, landscapes, pleasing to the eye, will surely please you.

Of course, this is not all the reasons to visit Khujand. In the city you can easily find what you like.

The full release of the Five Reasons to Go to. "Look at the website of the television channel MIR.

Interesting places Khujant

The site contains the sights of Khujant - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Khujant, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Khujant.

Khujand city

The city of Khujand is located in the north of Tajikistan, in the picturesque valley of the Syr Darya River. Modern Khujand is the largest cultural, industrial and industrial center of Northern Tajikistan. In addition, it is considered the second in the republic in terms of population.

Khujant is the most ancient city of Tajikistan. According to historical data, it was founded during the time of Alexander the Great, about 2500 years ago. Now, it is a cozy city with many parks and squares, very hospitable residents. Syr Darya - a river flowing through the city center, is considered a great place for relaxation and swimming. By the way, Khujand is the only city built on this river.

The main attraction of Khujand is the Panchshanbe city bazaar - this is one of the most famous and largest covered markets in Central Asia. Translated from Tajik, “panchshanbe” means Thursday, it was on this day that the most rapid trade was before. Near the bazaar there is a magnificent architectural monument - the mosque-mausoleum of Sheikh Muslihiddin. Guests of Khujand can visit the city park named after Kamola Khujandi and the fortress located next to it. On its territory is the famous Museum of Archeology.

Khujand fortress

Khujand fortress is a historical and architectural landmark of the city of Khujand, associated with the liberation struggle of the Tajik people under the leadership of general Temurmalik. According to data received from the North Tajik Archaeological Complex Expedition, the fortress was part of the city’s fortification system and was erected in the VI – V centuries BC.

During the invasion of Genghis Khan, about 25,000 soldiers, as well as 50,000 Central Asian captives, were sent to siege the city. The courageous defense of the Khujand fortress, as well as the islands located nearby, is one of the most striking pages in the history of the struggle of the people of Tajikistan.

In the VI – VII centuries, a new one was erected on the site of the ancient Khujand fortress; it was considered one of the most fortified in Central Asia. At the beginning of the 15th century, the citadel was completely destroyed as a result of the Mongol invasion and for a long time lay in ruins. According to historical data, it was restored at the end of the 16th century and was the residence of a wealthy local ruler.

Currently, it has been completely restored; the Historical Museum of Sughd Region is located here.

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Masjidi Jami Mosque

One of the many attractions of the Tajik city of Khujand is the beautiful cathedral Masjidi Jami Mosque, built in 1512-1513. This building is an excellent example of the interpenetration of the construction culture of Central Asia and decorative art. Tourists are impressed by the local openwork 30-column aivan - a vaulted room, surrounded on the sides by a wall. It adjoins the eastern wall of the mosque, two of its middle columns are carved, some of which have preserved the remains of the painting.

The walls of Masjidi Jami are covered with beautiful carved decor, mainly geometric motifs. The doors of the winter hall of the mosque are also distinguished by fine elegant carvings. In the north-eastern part of the monastery stands a traditional minaret with a wonderful dome lamp and arched openings, from which a beautiful panorama of the city opens. In general, the mosque has a surprisingly harmonious image, which perfectly combines with the nearby buildings of Panjshanbe Square.

In photo mode, you can view the sights in Khujant only by photos.

Hissar Alai Center

The center of Gissar-Alai is part of the Central Asian mountain system of the Pamir-Alai, which is the most icy. The main center of glaciation of this section is Matcha or Matchinsky mountain junction. As you move away from the center of Gissar-Alai, the size of glaciers decreases.

The center of Gissar-Alai is located in the northern and central parts of Tajikistan. The main part of the mountainous region of Gissar-Alai is the most powerful and extensive iced part of the Pamir-Alai system. Many mountain peaks here exceed a height of 5 thousand meters. One of the largest mountain peaks is Chimtarga, 5487 meters above sea level.

Traveling in this part of Gissar-Alai is best from late July to September inclusive. Here you can organize hiking trips I-VI categories of complexity.

Syr Darya River

The full-flowing river Syr Darya is the first in length and the second in full-flowing river in Central Asia, which flows 105 kilometers in the north of Tajikistan. It is formed by the confluence of the Naryn and Karadarya rivers in the east of the Ferghana Valley.

The Syr Darya River crosses Tajikistan in the north, flowing through the Osh and Sogd regions and the administrative center of the second of them is the city of Khujand. The river flows through the Ferghana Valley, the Farhad Mountains and the Hungry Steppe. Its waters replenish the rivers Angren, Chirchik, Keles and Arys.Currently, the Syr Darya River flows into the northern part of the former Aral Sea, which is now called the "Small Sea". Today, the water of the Syr Darya River is used for household needs, in connection with this, the volume of runoff at the mouth of the river has decreased more than 10 times over 50 years. The beauty and mystery of the Syr Darya River will captivate more and more new adventurers every year.

West Ferghana Depression

The West of the Ferghana Depression is one of the most picturesque places on the territory of the Khojekent region in Tajikistan, which spreads over the tectonic depression of the Tien Shan massif in the middle reaches of the Syr Darya River.

The Ferghana Depression is located between the Kuramin Range, the Mogoltau Mountains and the Chatkal mountain range. On the territory of Tajikistan, only its western part is located, in comparison with the entire valley, a small area. The only exit from it is located in the Khojekent region of the Republic of Tajikistan - the so-called "Bekabad Gate", 20 meters wide. An interesting place in the west of the Ferghana Depression is the Hungry Steppe, which got its frightening name due to the lack of water and any living conditions on its territory. The absolute height of the valley in the country is 250-300 meters. The West of the Ferghana Depression amazes its visitors with an abundance of colors and magnificent landscapes.

Republican Museum of History and Local Lore Abu Abdallah Rudaki

The Republican Museum of History and Local Lore was opened in 1958. in honor of the talented classic of Tajik-Persian literature Abu Abdallah Jafar Rudaki, so the building bears his name. The museum was built according to the project of the famous architect A.I. Makukha, the entrance doors for him were created by the honored art worker Barotbek Yuldoshbekov. Here is a collection of items related to archeology, history, culture, life and customs, nature of Tajikistan.

The Abu Abdallah Rudaki Museum is located in the north of the city of Panjakent, on the street of the same name. The building has eight halls, each of which reflects a separate page in the history of the country. The first three rooms relate to the history of the city of Sarazm, ancient Penjikent and the Samanid state. In the following rooms you can get acquainted with ethnography, nature, learn about the current period of development of Tajikistan. There is a separate room in the museum, which contains interesting information about the life of Abu Abdallah Rudaki. The etiquette in the museum is presented in three languages ​​- Tajik, Russian and English.

Museum of History and Local Lore "Archeology and Fortification"

The Khujand Museum of Local History dedicated to archeology and fortification is the heart of the city. It was opened on November 29, 1986 in honor of the celebration of the 2500th anniversary of Khujand. The museum building is located in the eastern part of the old Khujand fortress of the VIII-X centuries, which was restored in 1999. Once the walls of the fortress were part of the city’s powerful fortification system.

Externally, the museum imitates the appearance of a medieval building with thick mud brick walls and high towers. Inside, in an area of ​​150 square meters, there are rooms of the medieval history of the city, the architectural features of the structures in it, the history of the study of Khujand and its researchers. The most valuable finds that occupy honorable places in the exposition are ceramics of the ancient and medieval periods. It is also interesting to look at the many maps and plans of Khujand from different eras. In total, the museum has more than 1200 exhibits.

The museum is hospitably open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. every day; on weekends it is open from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m.

Museum of History and Local Lore of Istaravshan

The Museum of History and Local Lore in Istaravshan became an independent museum only in 1980, before that it had functioned since 1963 as a branch of the Museum of History and Local Lore of the city of Khujand. Currently, over 4300 exhibits on archeology and ethnography of the northern part of Tajikistan are presented in it, most of them were collected in Istaravshan and its environs.

The museum is located in the building of the inactive Orthodox Church, which was built in 1865-1867. The initiator of his discovery was a history teacher - Nazarov Nasriddin, who collected the first collection for the museum in 1950-1960. The exhibition covers an area of ​​about 250 square meters, it contains information about the ancient and medieval history of the city, its culture, crafts and traditional occupations of the city's inhabitants - blacksmithing, jewelry, gold embroidery, wood carving.

On weekdays, the museum in Istravshan is open from 8.00 to 17.00, opening hours: from 9.00 to 16.00. Monday is a day off. Label in Tajik and English.

Madrasah and Mausoleum of Sheikh Massala

The Sheikh Massala Madrasah and Mausoleum is an architectural ensemble, which consists of a 19th-century minaret, a mosque and ancient burials. This memorial ensemble is located in the historical part of the city of Khujand and was erected on the grave of Sheikh Massal Muslihiddin.

The madrasah and mausoleum of Sheikh Massala is a famous monument of Tajikistan. According to legend, the sheikh was originally buried in the small village of Unji. However, in the XII century, his admirers decided to transfer the ashes to Khujand and erect a mausoleum. Then the mausoleum was a small burial chamber built of burnt bricks. This tomb was destroyed during the Mongol invasion. Later, in the XIV century, they decided to rebuild the mausoleum, but at the same time slightly change the layout. Now it began to look like a complex consisting of two rooms, but, alas, this building was destroyed.

In the XVI century, a structure was erected on the ruins of an old building, which became not just a burial place, but also a room for performing ritual rites and prayers. Today, the mausoleum of Sheikh Massala consists of a minaret and a mosque. The modern building is two-story, has a wide dome and portal entrance. In the center there is a tomb, a memorial hall, as well as a wooden tombstone, decorated with carvings with plant elements and inlays.

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