Gdansk is the largest Polish port. It flourished in the Middle Ages as a trading city specializing in Baltic amber trade, which determined the nature of many of the sights of Gdansk.
The old city of Gdansk, rebuilt after the horrors of World War II, is an intersection of streets filled with patrician and trading houses, and massive gates protect the land and water entrances to the Old City.
If you want to walk around Gdansk and see as many sights and monuments of the past as possible, be sure to take a walk along the Royal Route. Stretching along the Long Street and the Long Market, the Royal Route was first called royal in 1457 when the King of Poland Casimir IV entered Gdansk.
Starting from the Upper Gate in the west and ending with the Green Gate, on both sides of the road, throughout the route, there are tall patrician houses painted in bright colors and crowned with pediments.
Throughout the Royal Route there are infinitely many interesting and impressive places, but we do not have enough of the whole text to tell about them all.
However, be sure to stop at 44 Long Market Address and take a picture of a branch of the Gdansk Historical Museum, which previously housed the Artus Courtyard, a Renaissance stock exchange.
Address: Poland, Gdansk, Pocztowa, The Royal Way.
Church of virgin mary
This huge Gothic church was founded in the 14th century and, with its volume of 190 thousand cubic meters, it is not without reason that it is considered one of the three largest brick churches in the world. Standing under a 66-meter nave, you will spend about a minute just to turn around and realize the scale of the church, which can accommodate 25 thousand parishioners.
After the Second World War, the church needed serious reconstruction, but all its most valuable details were preserved. Treasures such as the astronomical clock of the 1460s, the high altar erected in the 1510s, and the wonderful Gothic stone of Pieta carved at the beginning of the 15th century are available to your eyes.
If you are ready to climb almost 400 steps, then you can get to the top of the monolithic main tower, whose height is 77.6 meters.
Address: Church of the Virgin Mary, Podkramarska, Gdansk, Poland.
On Dolgiy Rynok Street, just a few steps from the Artus Courtyard, is an unofficial symbol of Gdansk. The Neptune Fountain is a monument of Mannerism cast in bronze in 1615, but it was only installed after 18 years. The sculptor was Abraham van den Block, a native of Keningsberg, now Kaliningrad, whose parents were Flemings.
The fountain is located next to the luxurious town houses in which the Polish royal family stayed. The sculpture of the fountain depicts Neptune, slightly bowing its head in deference to the courtyard. Decorative fishes and cherubs are located in the dish of the fountain.
If you are interested, here is another curious fact in your piggy bank: the fig leaf on the intimate parts of Neptune’s body was absent in the original design, but was added during the restoration of the fountain in 1988.
Address: Neptune’s Fountain, Długi Targ, 80-833 Gdańsk, Poland.
The Golden House is also located on the Long Market - its two doors open directly to the courtyard of Artus. This is exactly the building that regularly takes first place in the polls for the most beautiful building in the city. It is very difficult to disagree with this when, fascinated, you look at the white and gold facade of this masterpiece of architecture.
The Golden House was created as part of Mannerist architecture for Jan Speiman, the mayor of Gdansk in the early 17th century. Designed by Abraham van den Blok, already known to us, the house has narrowness and height, characteristic of Gdansk.
But what he stands out for sure is the sculptural friezes, 16 busts on the pilasters depicting Polish kings, and statues on the balustrade, embodying the images of Achilles, Antigone, Cleopatra and Oedipus.
Address: Golden House, Długi Targ 41-42, 80-831 Gdańsk, Poland.
Main Town Hall
The main town hall was built by a team of Dutch architects in the mid-16th century. Throwing your head back high, at a height of 83 meters above street level, you will see a gilded statue depicting the life-size of Sigismund II Augustus - the king at whom the town hall was built.
The interior has luxurious formal rooms in the Dutch mannerist style. The Small Council Hall, the Great Council Hall, Whitehall and the Winter Hall have gilded stucco, coffered ceilings, marble floors, murals, sculptures and tapestries.
You can go to the observation deck located at an altitude of 50 meters to see the panorama of the city and hear the 37-bell hour chime of carillon.
Address: Gdańsk Town Hall, Długa, Gdansk, Poland.
Church of St. Brigitte
This church, founded 700 years ago, was very badly destroyed in 1945, and until 1970 only its outer walls stood. Pre-war furniture is almost not preserved here, but if you love and appreciate amber, then you will definitely stop at a 174-cm tree of life and a monumental high altar.
This building is the highlight of the interior of the church; it contains 6.5 thousand kilograms of polished resin of a prehistoric tree.
Address: St Bridget’s Church, Profesorska 17, 80-856 Gdańsk, Poland.
St. Mary's Street
St. Mary's Street, starting at the Church of the Virgin Mary and continuing east to the Motlawa River and the gates of St. Mary's, is a delightful cobblestone street bordered by narrow merchant houses with royal portals. Seeing the street, you will quickly understand why it is constantly used as a place for filming movies and TV shows.
Alas, like many of the sights of Gdansk, it was carefully restored after receiving tremendous damage during the Second World War.
All the entrances to the houses on this street are located in small terraces a few steps from the road, and the restaurants that line St. Mary’s Street must set tables on these terraces and decorate their walls with decorative reliefs.
Address: Mariacka, 80-833 Gdańsk, Poland.
The symbol of the city is the Gdansk crane on the long promenade of Motława, dating from the 14th century. This technical miracle dates back to when Gdansk was in the Hanseatic League - it could load or unload four tons of cargo, lifting it to a height of 11 meters. The force came from people - they, like hamsters, walked inside two large wooden wheels, thereby transmitting force to the lifting mechanism.
The crane was used for its intended purpose until the beginning of the 19th century. Currently, his condition is supported by the National Maritime Museum. You can go on a tour and see the very wheels and the exhibition about work and everyday life in the port from the 1500s to the 1700s.
Address: Żuraw. Oddział Narodowego Muzeum Morskiego, Szeroka, Gdansk, Poland.
Before the port of Gdansk was moved to the mouth of the Dead Vistula River in the 19th century, all unloading and loading of ships arriving in Gdansk took place on this embankment. Along the embankment there are "water gates" that were designed to protect the entrance to each street running perpendicular to the river.
In addition to the gates, on the waterfront there are old warehouses and narrow houses with gabled roofs located along the water. All this creates a beautiful atmosphere and makes it possible to see how this area looked in the old days. This free hiking trail has plenty of places to eat and relax outdoors.
Address: Gdańsk Crane, Szeroka 67/68, 80-835 Gdańsk, Poland.
World War II Museum
If you like history, do not hesitate; you have something to see in Gdansk. This remarkable museum was opened in March 2017 just in the area of the city that perfectly remembers the horrors of a destructive war.
It is extremely logical that a museum of a similar scale was opened in Gdansk, because the occupation of Poland began a few kilometers from the city on September 1, 1939. Most of the 2 thousand museum exhibits are sponsored by families whose fates are forever intertwined with that terrible and destructive war for the people.
Museum exhibitions are designed in such a non-trivial format that they simply cannot be described in one paragraph. It is important to clarify that visual installations are of great importance in them.
What you certainly won’t forget is the Warsaw compartment, which shows city streets and houses during and after the war. Here you can also see 2 tanks, the Sherman M4 and the Soviet T34, placed against the backdrop of the city ruins recreated from military photographs.
Address: Museum of the Second World War, Władysława Bartoszewskiego, Gdansk, Poland.
After the previous museum, you can tour the countryside on the Westerplatte Peninsula. The Polish military presence on the peninsula was established back in the 1920s with the permission of the League of Nations. This place was chosen by the Nazis as the most suitable for the beginning of the invasion of Poland.
Unable to withstand the onslaught of superior German forces, the Poles resisted in vain, suffering colossal losses from German shelling and bombing until the September 7 surrender. After the war, one of the defense posts was reconstructed and turned into a museum, while everything else remained in ruins.
At the highest point of Westerplatte is the memorial “Defenders of the Coast”, built in 1966 from 236 granite blocks, reaching 25 meters in height.
Address: Westerplatte, Gdansk, Poland.
The long street in the east rests against the Golden Gate - a masterpiece of mannerism, erected opposite the Prison Tower and the High Gate. The Golden Gate was built in the 1610s.
Abraham van der Block, known to us for such masterpieces as the Neptune Fountain and the Golden House, offered his own version of the construction of the gate. There is a balustrade on the roof of the gate, and statues are built on both sides, allegorically depicting the qualities of an ideal city dweller, based on the classical understanding of the ideal: Peace, Freedom, Strength and Glory on the east side and Harmony, Justice, Piety and Prudence from the side of Long Street.
All figures are located on top of four columns with golden tops.
Address: Golden Gate, Długa, Długa 1, 22-100 Gdańsk, Poland.
The cathedral is located 10 kilometers northeast of the Old Town. It was built between the 14th and 15th centuries. During the city uprising in 1557, fire destroyed the interior of the cathedral. One of the surviving baroque portals dates back to 1688, it is located between two tall towers, each of which reaches 46 meters in height.
The nave, entrance and 23 altars are decorated with images of prominent artists of Gdansk from the 17th century. Of the many altars, two are the main ones. The first is the “Old Altar” of 1605 in the style of the late German Renaissance. The second is the “New Altar” of 1688, and it is one of the most prominent representatives of Baroque art in all of Pomerania.
Address: Oliwa Cathedral, Biskupa Edmunda Nowickiego, Gdansk, Poland.
European Center of Solidarity
Solidarity is a trade union civil resistance movement based on the Lenin shipyards in 1980 and led by Lech Walesa, who later became president of Poland. To better understand what the Solidarity movement is, you can visit six exhibition halls at the European Solidarity Center.
The center was opened in 2007 - the design of its facade indicates the industrial beginning of solidarity. The exhibition also has a lot of not only reference, but also visual material so that you are not overloaded with facts and figures.
You will get acquainted with key personalities, find out what was the basis of the philosophy of Solidarity and the role of the church in the movement, as well as how Solidarity quickly spread to other Soviet satellite states.
Address: European Solidarity Center, pI. Solidarności, Gdansk, Poland.
In the Prison Tower, towering above the Golden Gate, there is a museum dedicated to the relationship of Gdansk with this gem. The richest deposits of amber in the world are located in the Baltic. Since 1472, when the amber guild was founded, this stone began to fuel the economy of Gdansk.
This is the first museum in Poland dedicated to amber, which documents this story and shows how amber was mined in the Middle Ages and what magical and healing properties were attributed to it. It features an amazing collection of amber art from the 16th, 17th and 18th centuries, as well as modern art jewelry created in Gdansk.
Amber gives you a unique opportunity to feel like a hero of the movie "Jurassic Park" and look at the insects caught in the tar trap, frozen in it for hundreds of thousands and millions of years.
Address: Amber Museum, Targ Węglowy 26, 80-836 Gdańsk, Poland.
After spending one or two days on the streets of Gdansk, you will want to relax on the Baltic beach. The nearest one is located on the embankment of the Zhelitkovo district northwest of the Old Town. This sandy beach is covered with clean, soft and fine sand. It stretches several kilometers up the coast to the West, and along the entire beach it is surrounded either by rows of trees or entire parks.
If you suddenly want to escape from the bustle of the city and enjoy riding in the fresh air, then along the coastal zone there is a cobbled bicycle path. But wherever you are, no matter where in the beach you are, you will always be a couple of minutes walk from some beach bar, next to which inflatable castles and trampolines will be deployed so that children can be left there.
You can get to Zhelitkovo by trams 2, 6 and 8.
Address: Plaża Jelitkowo, Jantarowa, Gdansk, Poland.
Church of St. Nicholas
The church was built in 1227 and is one of the oldest places of Christian worship in Gdansk. Surprisingly, this was the only large temple in Gdansk that avoided damage during the Second World War - according to one version, Soviet troops deliberately avoided shelling the church because of high respect for St. Nicholas in the Orthodox tradition.
The Church of St. Nicholas closed at the end of 2018, when it was discovered that the building was in danger of collapse.
Unlike most other Gothic churches in the city, the musty interior of the Church of St. Nicholas is very richly decorated with black and gold baroque altars and carved winged benches, standing along the nave. The first thing that catches your eye is the magnificent high altar of the late Renaissance of 1647, as well as an impressive baroque organ made a century later.
Address: St Nicholas ’Church, Świętojańska 72, 80-837 Gdańsk, Poland.
Church of St. Katarzyna
Church of St. Katarzyna is the oldest church in Gdansk, the construction of which started in the distant 1220s. Before the church of St. Mary was built, this particular church was the main place for parishioners from all over the city.
As in the case of other churches, the Church of St. Katarzyna developed over time, changed and acquired its final form by the middle of the 15th century - the only exception is the baroque top of the tower, added in 1634.
Unfortunately, a major fire in May 2006 led to the collapse of the roof and significant damage to the interior. Much has been restored, but the walls have remained untouched, and the work seems to have stopped for some time - obviously, it will be many years before this wonderful church is completely restored.
Inside there is a small fire exhibition, including dramatic footage of television news and photography.
Address: St. Catherine’s Church, Profesorska, Gdansk, Poland.
Watchtower number 1
The Westerplatte area is famous for the fact that it was here, at 4.45 in the morning of September 1, 1939, that the first shots of the Second World War were fired during the German invasion of Poland.The German battleship Schleswig-Holstein began shelling the Polish guard post. The garrison of only 182 people lasted seven days before surrendering.
Currently, there is a memorial on this site, and some ruins remained the same as after the bombing. There is also a massive monument in memory of the defenders of Poland. The surviving guard post No. 1 contains a small exhibition related to this event.
Address: Westerplatter Walkable Ruin, Gdansk, Poland.
Big Ferris Wheel
The London Eye-style Ferris Wheel was installed as part of the ennoblement of the Olovyanka Island and is a pleasant addition to a trip to this part of the city. A ride on the Ferris Wheel takes 15 minutes, and from the highest point of the route offers an unforgettable view of the Old Town and its surroundings.
Address: AmberSky Koło Widokowe, Ołowianka, Gdansk, Poland.
Old town hall
The old town hall was once the seat of the old city council. This well-built Renaissance building, crowned by a tall central tower, was designed at the end of the 16th century by Antonius Van Opbergen, an architect who later designed the Grand Arsenal.
The brick structure is gracefully decorated with stone, including the Central doorway and frieze with shields of Poland, Prussia and Gdansk. The building currently houses the Baltic Sea Culture Center and an exhibition hall.
Go upstairs to see the lobby, characterized by rich decoration, which was partially assembled from old burgher houses. Pay attention to the arcade stone wall of 1560 with three Roman gods in the bas-relief. This composition, older than the town hall itself, was moved here from one of the houses in the main city.
Address: Old Town Hall, Ratusz Staromiejski, 33/35, Korzenna 33/35, 80-001 Gdańsk, Poland.
Pivna Street rests against the Grand Arsenal, the architectural gem of Gdansk. The building of the arsenal in the 17th century was led by Antonius Van Opbergen, and, like most of the architecture of Gdansk, a strong Flemish influence is clearly visible in the building.
The main eastern facade, framed by two side towers, is richly decorated and guarded by figures of soldiers at the top. Military motives prevail, and the city emblem guards doorways. Unfortunately, the building is closed to the public, with the exception of the basement, where the Pobierania Winwine bar is located.
Address: Great Arsenal, Kołodziejska, 80-980 Gdańsk, Poland.
Standing directly opposite the Church of St. Katarzyna, the Great Mill certainly lives up to its name. The mill was built around 1350 and was the largest mill in medieval Europe. Its length is more than 40, height 26 meters.
Previously, the mill housed 18 large millstones (now they are no longer), each 5 meters in diameter, the mill produced 200 tons of flour per day until 1945.
Address: The Great Mill, Wielkie Młyny, Gdansk, Poland.
Sandwiched between two houses north of the Church of the Virgin Mary and completely obscured by its massive neighbor, the small Royal Chapel is the only Baroque church in old Gdansk.
It was built between 1678 and 1681 in fulfillment of the last will of the then Archbishop of Poland Andrzej Olszewski. The chapel was designed by the famous royal architect Tilman Van Gameren and is most notable for its facade.
Address: Royal Chapel, Świętego Ducha, Gdansk, Poland.
Ship Museum Soldek
Soldek is a museum ship moored in front of barns. Once you are on board and watch a rather boring introductory video, you can check the limits of your claustrophobia and dizziness in the lower and upper parts of the vessel.
Address: Statek-muzeum "Sołdek". Oddział Narodowego Muzeum Morskiego, Ołowianka, Gdansk, Poland.
Monument to fallen shipyard workers
The Gdansk shipyards, formerly called Lenin shipyards, were the site of the uprising of workers who were part of the Solidarity trade union movement, formed in the 1970s. This movement fought against the government and this struggle of workers was immortalized by a gigantic monument, as well as smaller plaques placed around the courtyard outside the gates of the shipyard.
Address: Monument to the Fallen Shipyard Workers of 1970, Plac Solidarności, Gdansk, Poland.
Murals of Zaspa
An attraction that you can explore without even leaving the tram in the vicinity of Zaspa. Almost all of the outer walls of the buildings in this area are decorated with huge, elaborate paintings, of which there are more than 60.
Zaspa, where, by the way, the famous Lech Walesa comes from, is still a tourist attraction "off the beaten path", so be sure to visit it before it is captured by the bustle of the city.
Address: Murals Gdansk Zaspa, Gdansk, Poland.
4. Yard of Artus
If you are passionate about the architecture of the Middle Ages, you won’t have to think long about where to go in Gdansk. The original feature of the Artus courtyard is the presence of a 10-meter furnace of the 16th century, decorated with beautiful images of monarchs and bas-reliefs. In the central part of the courtyard is an image of D. Sovizdzhal made of 520 handmade tiles. In addition, there are many valuable paintings and sculptures.
5. Mariackaya street
One of the most beautiful pedestrian streets of the city. Throughout its length there are ancient stone mansions with lions and gargoyles, huge carved stairs, formerly owned by the richest citizens. In addition, now there are all kinds of souvenir shops, restaurants, cafes and workshops. Here are located the best hotels in Gdansk. You should definitely take a walk along Mariack Street.
Watch the beautiful views of Gdansk in this exciting video!
9. Catholic church of St. Mary
The temple complex of the 15th century, the construction of which lasted over 150 years. The scale of the Gothic building is amazing - 66 meters by 105 meters. The church was partially destroyed during the Second World War, but later it was reconstructed. In the middle of the 20th century, after restoration, the building was consecrated. Now it is a basilica, which everyone can visit for free. Inside is a copy of Memling's Last Judgment and a beautiful altar created by M. Schwartz.
11. Green Gate
The construction of the small Dutch bricks was completed in the middle of the 16th century. The construction was to become the residence for the monarchs of Poland. However, besides Maria Louise, the other members of the royal family did not stop at the building. The green gate is made in the form of a palace with four entrances. Now inside is the national Museum of Gdansk. In addition, important conferences, business meetings and official celebrations of various celebrations are organized here.
12. The Big Mill
Industrial building of the 14th century, erected by the knights of the Teutonic Order. This is the most large-scale and large-scale construction in Europe, created and used for industrial purposes. Looking at the object from the outside, you can understand how the old mills looked. Inside is a shopping center. However, the mill wheels remained in the same place.
13. The prison tower
In the 14th century, the structure was part of a defensive fortress. The building was destroyed and restored in the 15th and 16th centuries. Therefore, its appearance has changed significantly. In the 17th century, prisoners were tortured in the Prison Tower. Prisoners sentenced to death were executed immediately. Now inside the tower there is a museum with sculptures, jewelry, icons and other objects from amber.
17. World War II Museum
The first shots of World War II in Poland were heard in Gdansk. Museum exhibits show how the local population lived and what they did during this terrible time. Many samples are interactive. The complex includes several special rooms with expositions telling about the numerous victims of World War II, as well as a bomb shelter.
18. Westerplatte Memorial
The main attraction of the Westerplatte Peninsula is the huge memorial. The complex also includes the remains of the bastion, the cemetery of soldiers killed during the Second World War, the destroyed barracks and the bunker. The modern coast, on which brutal hostilities began, is a peaceful and quiet corner of Gdansk.
23. PGE Arena
The football arena, built in 2011, can simultaneously be attended by about 44,000 guests. At this stadium, one could see the Euro 2012 meeting. In addition to football matches, festivals and music shows are held here. Bon Jovi, Pet Shop Boys and many other world stars gave their concerts at the PGE Arena.
28. Elitkovo beach
The water temperature of the Balkan Sea is cool. However, having arrived in Gdansk, one should not refuse to rest on the golden sand of the city beach of Elitkovo. the territory is well equipped: there are entertainment areas for children, cafes, bike and jogging paths, a green park.
We told you about the main attractions of Gdansk briefly, and we hope that our rating will help you draw up your own fascinating sightseeing route. Read also about the sights of Wroclaw and be inspired to continue your journey around Poland.
1. The Old Town of Gdansk
The historical part, located in the city center, was almost completely restored after the Second World War, invariably preserving the original appearance of the buildings. Monuments of Danzig, dated XIII - XVII centuries, again appeared before the inhabitants and visitors of the city in all its glory. The main sights of Gdansk are concentrated in the old city, the religious centers - the Old Town Hall, the Church of St. James, the Church of St. Mary are especially attracting attention. Since the central part has a large number of medieval buildings, modern buildings are also decorated in antiquity, which allows you to keep the entire architectural complex seasoned in a single style.
2. Dlug Street
Dluga is the historically significant and famous street of Gdansk, stretching from the Golden Gate to the Green. In the XIII century, it was a busy trade route. On both sides stood the houses of wealthy citizens and important city officials. On holidays, under Casimir IV Jagiello, parades and numerous processions were held here, fireworks were launched. Therefore, the street was sometimes called Royal. At the end of the XIX century, Dlugu was paved with cobblestones, which were delivered from Scandinavia, equipped with tram tracks, but they were completely dismantled after 1945. Then it was called Langgasse. Among the attractions of this part of Gdansk are Ferber’s house, as well as Leo’s house, which houses the Russian Center for Science and Culture.
Zhurav is a city gate with a powerful lifting mechanism, which has turned into one of the main architectural sights of Gdansk. A pre-existing building was installed in the second half of the XIV century. Later, in 1444, a voluminous reconstruction was carried out. Zhurav is the oldest of all port cranes in Europe, a maritime symbol of the city and, at the same time, a museum. With its help, masts were installed on ships, cargo transshipment was carried out. Inside the building there are drums, the diameter of which is 6 and 6.5 m. Only four workers serving the mechanism could use it to raise the necessary objects to a height of 27 meters. The crane gate can be seen on five-guilder coins issued in 1932 by the free city of Danzig.
Address: Szeroka 67/68, 22-100 Gdańsk
- Monday: closed
- Sunday-Saturday: 10: 00-16: 00.
5. Yard of Artus
To visit this attraction in Gdansk will be interesting to every lover of beautiful medieval architecture. Artus Court has always been a reminder of the legendary court of King Arthur and at the same time a center for high urban society, in which there are many works of art - valuable sculptures and paintings. Some of them were lost during the war years and were replaced with computer copies. A unique feature of the Court of Artus is considered to be a furnace whose height is 10 m. Built in the 16th century, with beautiful bas-reliefs and images of kings and politicians, it immediately attracts the attention of most visitors. In the center is a portrait of the mocker Dzyl Sovizdzhal. For its decoration, 520 handmade tiles were required.
Address: Długi Targ 43-44, 80-831 Gdańsk
6. The Golden House
The beautiful facade of the Golden House, created by John Voight from Rostock, includes a large number of sculptural decor and gilding. Mayor Ian Speiman issued an order for its construction. Work on the construction of the building was completed in 1617. The author of the architectural project was Abraham van den Block, a famous architect. The elegance of its buildings was admired by many generations of residents of Free Danzig and visitors. The facade of this attraction is decorated with busts of famous people, in its upper part there are statues symbolizing the four virtues - justice, courage, prudence and moderation.
Address: Długi Targ 41, 80-980 Gdańsk
Schedule: around the clock.
7. Green gate
The Green Gate was the first building in Gdansk erected in the style of Flemish mannerism. The date of completion of construction is considered to be 1568. The Green Gate was built as a residence for the Polish kings, but none of them stopped in this building, except for Maria Louise, the bride of Vladislav IV, in 1646. In appearance, this attraction of Gdansk resembles a castle; four passes are made in the building. For the first time, Dutch small brick was used, which was brought from Amsterdam. Today, the Green Gate is a branch of the city's national museum. It is customary to hold official presentations, meetings, conferences and other events here.
Address: Długi Targ 24, 80-828 Gdańsk
- Monday: closed
- Sunday-Saturday: 10: 00-17: 00.
10. World War II Museum
It was in Gdansk that the first shots of the war rang out, which claimed millions of human lives. The museum shows not only the moments of history, but also the lives of individuals in this cruel time. In the warehouse of Westerplatte, as well as in the building of the Polish Post, Polish troops resisted the Wehrmacht army. They lasted from September 1 to the seventh. The building has many rooms with interactive design. Near the museum is a typical bomb shelter. Under the building, in special rooms, there is an exposition detailing the terrible victims of the war period in different countries of the world. This is a very interesting place to visit in Gdansk.
Address: Plac Władysława Bartoszewskiego 1, 80-862 Gdańsk
- Monday: closed
- Sunday-Saturday: 10: 00-19: 00.
11. Mariackaya street
This pedestrian street is considered one of the most beautiful in Gdansk. Here, in ancient houses made of stone, very wealthy people used to live, who could afford houses with carved stairs, decorated with chic gargoyles and lions. Today, on this street there are various workshops, including art, cafes, restaurants, as well as many souvenir shops with postcards, commemorative magnets and even amber products. After the war, a large-scale reconstruction was carried out on Mariack Street, so that the buildings and architectural monuments damaged by the bombing were restored to their original form.
Address: Mariacka 14, 80-833 Gdańsk
12. Gdansk National Museum
Art lovers should visit the Gdansk National Museum - one of the main cultural attractions of the city of Gdansk. The museum is located in the building of the former Franciscan monastery. At the end of the 19th century, thematic exhibitions were launched and rebuilt. Karl G. Klose founded the Foundation, with the help of which excellent economic conditions were created for the further development of the museum. The collection was based on a collection of several thousand paintings, prints and pencil drawings, which belonged to Yakov Kabrun (! 759-1814) and was transferred to the city of Gdansk by will. But other families gave the museum antiquities, churches sent medieval sculptures to the museum.Here you can see the works of A. Meller, a famous master of the 16th century, as well as the painting “The Last Judgment” by Hans Memling.
Address: Toruńska 1, 22-100 Gdańsk
- Monday: closed
- Tuesday-friday: 09: 00-16: 00,
- Saturday-Sunday: 10: 00-17: 00
13. Beer street
The name this street of Gdansk received quite naturally, as the breweries were located on it from the very beginning of construction. Beer Street takes its origin from the Grand Arsenal, on the pediment of which there are many figures of guards. The huge building used to store gunpowder and weapons. Currently, the Academy of Fine Arts occupies the upper floors, and shops are located below. When the city was Danzig, the street was called Jopenhasse, while Yopey beer was made. In 1897, the US Embassy appeared on this street. In 1945, the street was renamed, it became Beer. Since 2008, traffic has been banned here, now it is completely pedestrian.
14. National Maritime Museum
This very large museum, created in 1960, serves as a research institution. It is located in Big Zhurav and three granaries, there are also branches in the cities of Tczew and Hel. Two museum ships belong to it - a motor ship and a sailing ship. All collections and collections of the Maritime Museum of Gdansk demonstrate the development of navigation, shipbuilding, port and ship driving mechanisms. Much attention is paid to the navigation tools and armament of the ships themselves.
Address: Ołowianka 9-13, 80-751 Gdańsk
- Sunday-Saturday: 10: 00-16: 00,
- Monday: closed.
On the small peninsula of Westerplatte, the Polish garrison of the Military Transit Warehouse took an unequal battle. Only 182 soldiers bravely fought from September 1 to 7, 1939 with 3,500 German invaders. The garrison was armed with only two anti-tank guns and a few machine guns. They did not have time to build defensive structures, but guardhouses were in the forest. The Polish military was led by Major Henryk Suharski. In 1966, a monument was erected on the site of their feat, which became an important historical attraction of Gdansk.
3. Yard of Artus
Artus Yard is a complex of buildings on the square in front of the city hall. The name of the place goes back to the legend of King Arthur. In the Middle Ages and New time, the city authorities met in the buildings of the Artus' Courtyard, merchants made their deals, and eminent citizens held meetings. The complex was built in the XIV century. At the end of the 15th century, it burned down and was later rebuilt in the Gothic style.
6. The Abbey Palace in Oliva
Rococo palace, rebuilt from a 15th century Gothic castle with funds from the abbot of the Cistercian monastery J. Rybinsky. After the partition of Poland in the 19th century, the building passed into the possession of the noble German Hohenzollern family. By the end of the century, it came under the jurisdiction of city authorities. In 1945, the palace completely burned down. Recovery took place in the 1960s. Today, one of the departments of the Pomeranian Museum is located there.
8. Catholic church of St. Mary
The temple is the largest brick cathedral in Europe, built in the Gothic style. Its construction lasted 150 years and stretched over three centuries. The tower of the church reaches a height of more than 77 meters. The interior is decorated with baroque statues and a magnificent 16th-century altar by M. Schwartz. Attention of tourists is attracted by the astronomical clocks mounted on the facade, created by G. Dühringer in the 15th century.
9. Catholic church of St. Nicholas
St. Nicholas is the patron saint of sailors and fishermen. The temple in his honor is considered one of the oldest in Gdansk. In the XII century it was built of wood, in the XIII - it was rebuilt from stone in a Gothic manner. The interior of the church is made in a luxurious baroque style. The building was not damaged during the Second World War, so its historical appearance has survived to this day with virtually no change.
11. Green Gate
The first mention of the Green Gate dates back to the mid-14th century. A brick structure in the style of Dutch mannerism was erected already in the 16th century according to the design of G. Kremer and R. Amsterdam. The gates were built as a royal residence, but the monarchs who arrived in Gdansk almost never stopped here. Since the 2000s, the building has housed a branch of the National Museum.
13. The Big Mill
The ancient mill was built in the XIV century by the knights of the Teutonic Order. At that time, it became the largest in Europe. Surprisingly, the structure was used for its intended purpose until the end of World War II until it was seriously damaged. It survived only one major modernization in the 1830s. After restoration, the mill continued to operate until the early 1990s. In 1993, it was converted into a shopping center.
14. The Prison Tower
In the 14th century, the Prison Tower was part of the fortress wall. The construction underwent several reconstructions in the 15th and 16th centuries, as a result of which its appearance changed. The tower began to be used for torture and detention of prisoners from the beginning of the XVII century. A place for execution was organized nearby. Today, the building houses the Amber Museum, which displays icons, jewelry, figurines and other products from this material.
15. Crane on Motlava
Crane on Motlava is a maritime museum located in the original building of the XIV century. Previously, it served as a crane for loading ships, and also served as a gate and a defensive structure. The roof of the structure is crowned with a copper figure of a crane, which gave the name to the entire complex. Today's building is a modern building from the 1960s. The medieval original was destroyed during the war.
17. National Museum of Gdansk
The museum exposition is located in a 15th-century building that once belonged to the Franciscan monastery. It consists of valuable collections of jewelry, paintings, sculptures and ceramics created between the 15th and 20th centuries. One of the most valuable exhibits of the collection is G. Memling's Last Judgment. A large collection of paintings by the famous painter A. Möller is also stored here.
18. World War II Museum
The museum opened in March 2017 and immediately won the title of the largest in Poland. The main goal of its creators is to highlight the role of Poland in World War II, as well as to focus on the peculiarities of Polish history. The museum consists of three large blocks, divided into 18 thematic rooms. With the help of modern multimedia equipment, visitors can watch documentary tapes and archive shooting.
Memorial complex on the peninsula of the same name. The Second World War began with the shelling of the arms depot, which was located here since 1924. The Westerplatte garrison lasted seven days, after which it was taken by German troops. A monument was erected in memory of the heroic defenders of the warehouse on the peninsula. The ruins of the barracks and one of the guard posts were also preserved there.
The fortification of the 15th century in the Vistula River, which was once part of the defensive system of the city. Several architectural styles mixed in the appearance of the fortress, since the structure was repeatedly completed over the course of several centuries. Until the middle of the 18th century, a lighthouse was located in a round central tower. Weixelmünde is recognized as an architectural monument of national importance.
21. Railway station Gdansk
A large passenger hub that serves many intercity destinations. The station is located in a picturesque building in the Renaissance style, built in the late XIX - early XX centuries. The facade of the building is made of red brick, which gives it an elegant and festive look. A clock tower 50 meters high rises above the structure. Inside the station looks much more modest.
22. PGE Arena
Football stadium, designed for 44 thousand spectators. It hosted the matches of the Euro 2012 Cup. The arena was built in 2011. In addition to football games, music concerts and festivals are held here, as the stadium design allows for events of various formats. Such bands as Pet Shop Boys, Iron Maiden and Bon Jovi performed here. Also, the arena hosted the performance of the circus Du Soleil.
23. Gdańsk Zoo
The city zoo is considered the largest in Poland. It is located on an area of more than 130 hectares. On the vast territory of the menagerie, a wide variety of animals and birds live. It is impossible to go around the entire zoo in one visit, since it will take at least 4-5 hours. Tourists are offered various routes, each of which is designed for about 30-40 minutes, as well as special transport that goes around the territory in an hour.
24. Ferris wheel
Gdansk Ferris Wheel is considered the highest in Europe. It was installed in 2014 in the north of Spihšuv island on the shore of Moltava. The design was assembled in Germany. The attraction is 55 meters high, weighs 350 tons and consists of 43 cabins. A full revolution of the wheel takes about 30 minutes. From its highest point, a magnificent panorama of the city opens.
25. Elitkovo beach
Despite the fact that the Baltic Sea cannot boast of warm water, there are still many who want to swim in its waves and sunbathe on the golden sand. In Gdansk, for these purposes, there is the city beach of Elitkovo, perfectly equipped for a relaxing holiday. There is a park, jogging and bike paths, a cafe (most are open only in the summer season) and entertainment areas for children.