Manchester is a gateway to the northern regions of England, a large industrial center and the home of the eminent Manchester United football team, which has taken many trophies over the long history of its existence. In recent decades, the city has become one of the most attractive tourist destinations in the UK. There is a rich nightlife, ample opportunities for good shopping and an interesting excursion program.
The former industrial neighborhoods of Manchester today have turned into trendy bars, designer showrooms, boutiques and nightclubs. The city was able to adapt to the current requirements of modern tourists and satisfy the most demanding needs, which is why interest in trips to Manchester only grows every year.
What to see and where to go in Manchester?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a brief description.
1. Manchester City Hall
The neo-Gothic town hall building was erected in the second half of the 19th century according to the design of A. Watrehaus. The structure is built of solid sandstone, which distinguishes it from the typical buildings of the Georgian era. The facade of the town hall is artfully styled "under the Middle Ages", although it doesn’t get any decorations until the real Gothic style. The 85-meter town hall tower houses a clock and a bell carillon.
2. Castlefield District
In the 1st century A.D. on the territory of modern Castlefield, the ancient Roman fort Mancunium was founded, from which the history of Manchester began. In the XVIII-XIX centuries, industrial factories were actively erected within the region, since the city was undergoing a construction boom. Nowadays, the former industrial Castlefield is a quiet area for walking and relaxing. Museums, galleries, lofts and bars are located in the factory buildings.
The area is located in the eastern part of Manchester closer to the center, it is considered the second largest Chinatown in the UK. Chinese immigrants emigrated to Manchester in the 20th century. In a fairly short time, they managed to build a “city in the city” with restaurants, supermarkets, and numerous shops selling familiar things and products from the Middle Kingdom.
4. Manchester Cathedral
The temple was erected at the end of the 15th century. Construction work was carried out under the leadership of D. Stanley, who was related to the royal Tudor dynasty. The first large-scale reconstruction of the cathedral was carried out in the XIX century in the era of Queen Victoria, the second - after the Second World War. Many parts of the building are restored. For example, unique window stained-glass windows were re-made only in the 90s. XX century.
5. Manchester Central Library
The central book collection unites the funds of 22 city libraries. It contains rare and valuable books on medicine, philosophy, politics, history, science, art and other areas of human activity. The oval library building was erected by E.V. Harris in the 30s. XX century. The structure is built in the neoclassical style, so it seems that it is from an earlier historical era.
6. John Rylands Library
The book collection is located in a picturesque neo-Gothic building of the XIX century. The construction was erected at the expense of the widow of textile industrialist D. Rylands. At first the library kept a collection of theological literature, later books of other genres began to appear. The most significant exhibit is considered the Guttenberg Bible - a rare copy of the first printed book.
7. The Chetam Library
The library is considered one of the oldest in the UK, it was founded in the middle of the XVII century at the Chetham hospital. Library collections include more than 100 thousand volumes, of which about 60 thousand were published before 1851. In addition to books, newspapers, documents and valuable archival materials are stored here. The Chetam Library was created as a worthy competition to the book collections of Cambridge and Oxford.
8. Manchester Art Gallery
The museum is located in a monumental building of classical architecture. Here is an extensive collection of works by English artists. The gallery opened in 1924, since then, thanks to the efforts of generous philanthropists, its funds have grown to tens of thousands of works of art - paintings, drawings, sculptures, photographs, ceramics, furniture and other items. In 2002, two additional buildings were acquired for the gallery.
9. Whitworth Art Gallery
The gallery is part of the University of Manchester. The museum was opened with donations from D. Whitworth, the engineer who created the sniper rifle. The gallery exhibits works of art of the XIX-XX centuries, a special place is occupied by the work of Van Gogh, Gauguin and Picasso. In 2003, these valuable paintings were stolen from the museum, but the police quickly found the thieves and returned the paintings to their place.
10. Manchester Opera House
The building of the musical theater was erected in 1912 according to the project of a group of architects. For several decades, the theater did not have its own troupe, so visiting groups performed here. In 1979, the opera was turned into a games room, but after 5 years it was returned to its original purpose. Today, Opera House is one of the most visited theaters in the UK.
11. Royal Exchange Theater
The scene is located in the building of the former Cotton Exchange, which is located on St. Anna's Square. Once there was a bidding, but by the 60s. XX century, the trade in cotton and textiles gradually came to naught, and the theater was located in the room. On the stage, performances of various genres are held, stand-up comedians perform, concerts and festivals are held. The spacious theater hall is designed for 700 people.
12. Palace Theater
Palace is considered the main theater of Manchester. It is located on Oxford Street. The scene is also known under the informal name Grand Old Lady on Oxford Street. The theater was erected at the end of the 19th century under the direction of A. Derbyshire. At the beginning of the 20th century, reconstruction was carried out, as a result of which the auditorium was expanded to 2600 seats. By popularity, the Palace is second only to London theaters.
Lowry is a full-fledged concert complex, which is located on the banks of the city canal. The main hall of the building seats up to 10 thousand spectators, there are also two additional scenes for chamber performances. There are art galleries in Lowry where the works of the artist Lawrence Lowry are exhibited, after whom the complex is named. Due to its versatility, the complex is able to host large-scale concerts and performances with complex decorations.
14. Museum of Science and Industry
In the museum you can learn about the formation and development of Manchester's industry. In the 70s. XX century, the building housed a railway station. A distinctive feature of the museum is a large number of interactive elements. Visitors can inspect working industrial equipment or observe a natural imitation of the production process.
15. Manchester Museum
The museum is part of the University of Manchester, therefore, in addition to storing collections, it is engaged in serious research activities. The museum was founded in the XIX century, during the XX century there was an active replenishment of funds. At the moment, the number of exhibits has exceeded 6 thousand. The Manchester Museum has a rich archaeological, natural science and anthropological collection.
16. People's Museum of History
The exposition of the museum is quite interesting, it illuminates various aspects of the political life of the city and country. Here you can learn about the development of democratic consciousness, the life of working factories of the XVIII - XIX centuries, the history of trade union movements. The museum contains posters, photographs, leaflets and even personal diaries of workers. The exposition is located in a building of modern architecture, designed by C. Henry.
17. Urbis - Museum of Urban Life
The modern exhibition center, which opened in 2003. Initially, it was a museum of city life, but later changed the format due to low attendance. Since 2012, the National Museum of Football has been located on its territory, where in the Hall of Fame you can see the biography of the greatest football players, see their personal belongings and numerous awards. The museum has organized interactive attractions that simulate a real game of football on the field with the involvement of visitors.
18. Beatham Tower
Skyscraper of 47 floors, erected by the design of J. Simpson. The building reaches a height of 168 meters (the highest skyscraper in Manchester). The construction was completed in 2006, it was preceded by long disputes about the need for such a building for the city. But in 2007, the skyscraper received the title of "best skyscraper in the world." The Beatham Tower houses residential apartments, a hotel and a nightclub.
19. One Angel Square
A unique office building, an example of “green” architecture, which consumes 50% less energy than standard urban buildings. This saves up to 30% of the budget on its monthly maintenance. The secret lies in the special materials from which the facade is built. Free space is organized inside the building, which allows for individual planning.
20. Victoria Baths
An architectural structure of the early XX century, built in the style of "English" baroque according to the project of G. Price. The building attracts attention with a colorful and unusual color. The facade is made of red and yellow bricks. Window openings are decorated with beautiful colored stained-glass windows. The building may well pass for the old city hall. Initially, there was a laundry, swimming pools and a Turkish bath.
21. Fletcher Moss Botanical Garden
The garden was opened in 1917 at the expense of philanthropist F. Moss, who donated all his land and money to the city. The park covers an area of 4 hectares, it has created an excellent infrastructure for the relaxation of citizens - there are tennis courts, a rugby field and regular football, as well as cafes and relaxation areas. The plant world of the Botanical Garden is quite rich - here traditional species for England, tropical plants, numerous conifers and many others grow.
22. Heaton Park
Park in the northern part of Manchester, adapted for walks, excursions and active pastime. Here you can ride a boat, a retro tram or a horse, visit a farm with farm animals, as well as a bee apiary. There are three ponds in the park where you can swim, but the water in them is almost always cold due to the local climate.
23. Manchester Arena
The sports arena, which was being built for the 2000 Olympics. As a result, the Games were held elsewhere, and the stadium eventually became one of the most popular and visited venues in the world. The arena seats about 23 thousand spectators. Basically, concerts are held on its territory. Many world-famous performers and bands performed here - Madonna, U2, Lady Gaga, The Rolling Stones and others.
24. Etihad Stadium
The stadium is designed for 55 thousand spectators, it is home to the football club Manchester City. At a time when football competitions are not held in the arena, it is used for music concerts. The name of the Etihad Stadium is a tribute to Etihad Airways, which for many years has been the main sponsor of Manchester City.
25. Old Trafford Stadium
The arena ranks second in size and capacity after the London Wembley. According to the UEFA classification, the stadium has a five-star status. Its capacity is more than 75 thousand people. Old Trafford is the home arena of the legendary Manchester United club. The team settled here back in 1910. In the 90s and 2000s. reconstruction and expansion of the stadium were carried out, as a result of which the capacity increased significantly.
1. Manchester Cathedral
On Victoria Street, in the heart of Machester, is one of the oldest Anglican churches in England, next to the glass boot of the National Football Museum. The bookmark of the cathedral dates from 1422. Chapels on the sides of the nave were annexed between 1486 and 1508. Outside, the cathedral looks gloomy, especially on a cloudy day. Inside, the cathedral is notable for its multi-colored stained-glass windows from bright mosaic details. The cathedral is a real historic landmark of Manchester.
2. National Football Museum
The city with two of Europe’s best football teams - Manchester City and Manchester United - is a great place to pay tribute to the country's favorite sport - football. This place is one of the best football museums in the world - the National Football Museum. This football shrine has in its collection fascinating memorabilia related to football, including such as the very first football directory, one of the first boots, as well as historical trophies and clothes. Many great short films show the history of this sport.
Castlefield - is the inner city of Manchester. Its territory is limited by the Irwell River, the embankment, Deansgate and Chester Road. Castlefield is a great place to explore Manchester, and a walk among lovingly restored Victorian houses on the old canals or through the reconstructed Roman fort is a time spent for any traveler who is interested in Manchester's sights.
Be sure to explore the Bridgewater Canal, built in 1761 to transport coal from mines from Worsley to Manchester and the old warehouses that have been restored and turned into offices, shops, hotels and restaurants.
4. Old Trafford (Old Trafford)
Another attraction of Manchester that even people far from football know, namely the main football arena of Manchester United, Old Trafford Stadium. Old Trafford is one of the oldest and largest stadiums in the UK, built back in 1910 and will have more than 75,000 fans involved, it is the second largest football stadium in the United Kingdom after Wembley and the ninth largest in all of Europe.
Old Trafford is located outside of downtown Manchester, a kilometer from the Old Trafford cricket field. The stadium houses the Manchester United Museum and it is included in the mandatory excursion program for Manchester. The museum offers beautiful guides on the history of Old Trafford and Manchester United
5. Museum of Science and Industry
The Museum of Science and Industry (MOSI) is located in the former building of the world's oldest railway station. The museum is dedicated to the development of science, technology and industry with a focus on the achievements of the city in these areas. In its 12 halls, most of the achievements of science and industry of the 17-19th centuries are presented, including such rare exhibits as a steam-driven machine from the Golden Age of the textile industry, Rolls Royce of 1904, as well as one of the first steam locomotives in the world in 1829 Ericsson's Novelty release.
6. Chetham's Hospital and Library
The Chetems Library is the oldest free public library in the United Kingdom. The library was created in 1653 by the will of Humphrey Chetems (1580-1653), for the education of "sons of honest, hardworking and painful parents", as well as for use by scientists.
The library contains more than 100,000 volumes of printed books, of which 60,000 were published before 1851. The Chetems Library includes a collection of printed works of the 16-17th centuries. The Chetems Library was the meeting place of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels when Marx visited Manchester.
7. Machester Town Hall (Manchester Town Hall)
The Manchester City Hall is a striking example of Victorian Gothic style in architecture, with elements from 13th century Gothic.Construction began in 1863 and ended in 1877. The height of the clock tower is 85 meters, it contains a carillon of 23 bells, the main bell weighs 8 tons, and there is also an organ with 5,000 pipes in the town hall.
10. People's History Museum
The Folk History Museum is the national center for collecting, preserving, interpreting and studying materials relating to the history of workers in the UK. Located in a former pumping station, the museum shows the history of British democracy and its impact on the population, as well as an extensive collection of artifacts relating to labor unions and British suffrage.
Near the Museum of Folk History are two more interesting museums - Manchester Jewish Museum with his collection dedicated to the Jewish community of the city and Museum of Transport, with its many old buses and other vehicles belonging to the city transport services.
11. Heaton Park Heaton Park
Heaton Park is the largest park in Greater Manchester and one of Europe's largest municipal parks. Heaton Hall, built in 1772, is located in the heart of the park and, although it is currently not open to the public, remains an impressive building, which is a landmark of the city. The park has been carefully restored and preserved many of its original buildings.
Also worth a visit in the park is the Fletcher Moss Botanical Garden. Founded in 1917, this large green space - a botanical garden and part of the wild - is an attractive contrast to the vibrant city center. Here you can enjoy a walk or a picnic, as well as a great place to relax after a sightseeing tour of Manchester.
Main tourist attractions of Manchester
In the Middle Ages, the city was a major commercial and cultural center, later industry began to develop rapidly in it. The special atmosphere of the city with its freedom of thinking and truly merchant's grip became fertile ground for the fruitful work of many famous people, including F. Engels. He called Manchester the first industrial city in the world. The population is constantly growing, people come from the capital and other cities of the United Kingdom, attracted by friendliness and calm atmosphere.
The city has many cultural historical sights, shopping and entertainment centers, original buildings of interest to tourists.
It was called the best attraction, for the opportunity to take a bird's eye view of the city center. That was until 2012, now the wheel can be seen in Edinburgh. This is a rare case when an attraction of this magnitude has changed its “place of residence”. The reasons are mentioned in the city appeal to citizens. The main one was the holding of the Olympic Games in the country. Now, in order to get a general idea of the city, you have to be content with a sightseeing tour.
The medieval temple is the residence of the bishop and is included in the list of important architectural monuments of the city. Construction began in the 15th century; in the Victorian era, the rear ones were rebuilt and expanded. The next reconstruction was required after the Second World War. A bomb hit the temple, brought down part of the outer wall and damaged the lining.
The interior was barely damaged; wall paintings and ancient footstools of the 16th century were preserved. The stained-glass windows did not survive, but the bells still delight the townspeople with a special “alternating” ringing.
The oldest tradition in Manchester is the annual service in honor of the founders of the city’s school. It is held in the temple on the third Friday of October.
Manchester Art Gallery
This important cultural attraction of the city is necessarily included in the excursion programs. It occupies 3 buildings that are located in the city center, so many exhibits. By the new millennium, a large-scale reconstruction was carried out; in 2002, the renovated halls reopened for visitors.
Most of the exhibits are paintings by British artists. The pride of the exhibition halls is made by the paintings of the Pre-Raphaelites and the masterpieces of Thomas Gainsborough. Exhibitions by Cezanne, Milles, Rossetti, Pierre Valletta are decorated in separate rooms. The landscapes of Manchester deserve special attention.
Important! Entrance to any hall of the art gallery is free.
Original city buildings
In Manchester, they are proud of the ancient buildings, many of which are included in the list of attractions of Great Britain, and not just the city. These include:
- Manchester Town Hall
- D. Rylands Library,
- Manchester Museum
- Baths Victoria.
Of no less interest are buildings of modern design, surprisingly in tune with the spirit of freedom and the flight of imagination of architects.
A luxurious concert complex for 10 thousand spectators is located on the canal. In addition to the main scene, there are 2 more for chamber performances. In addition to concerts, exhibitions are held, the art gallery hosts the work of Lawrence Lowry. Thanks to modern stage equipment and multifunctional lighting equipment, the complex can stage performances of any level of complexity.
Interestingly, the building was built with funds raised through the national lottery.
The museum dedicated to the peculiarities of city life did not cause delight among tourists and its halls were often empty. But only until the moment when he turned into the National Museum of Football. The Hall of Fame stores personal items, uniforms, biographies of great football players, their awards. It is very interesting to participate in interactive football matches where all visitors to the exhibition can become players.
The glass facade, assembled from 2 thousand glass fragments, gives originality to the building; copper tiles with aging effect are perfectly combined with it.
The triumph of technical thought combined with a brilliant architectural project, resulting in an amazing skyscraper of 47 floors. When you look at him, you get the feeling that he is not subject to the force of attraction, so his tiers are so bizarre. This is the tallest building in the city, 2007 brought him the title of the best skyscraper in the world. The building houses residential sectors, a night club, a comfortable hotel.
Prices in Manchester
When calculating the budget of a trip, it is worth considering the average cost of housing and products. Prices fluctuate over a wide range, for example:
- the hotel will cost 30 - 65 €,
- lunch in the restaurant will pull on 11 - 35 €,
- souvenirs from 1.3 to 5 €.
On average, the minimum daily cost, including travel and sightseeing, will be about 43 €. Compared to the capital of our country, life in Manchester is almost half as expensive.
Where to stay in Manchester for sightseeing
As in any large city, it is difficult to find a hotel that is close to all major attractions. But many of Manchester are at least concentrated in three areas: the City Heritage Park and museum complex on Liverpool Road in Castlefield, the shopping district between King Street and the cathedral, and Chinatown to the south, where you will find Manchester Art the gallery. These Top rated hotels in Manchester are convenient for sightseeing:
- Luxury Hotels: With a good-sized pool and spa, Radisson Blu Edwardian Manchester is located between Chinatown, the Liverpool Road museums and the smart shopping district north of King Street. The chic and charming Great John Street Hotel has a rooftop hot tub in the museum’s new area. In Midland, opposite the library and well located for visiting museums and city halls, there is a gym and spa with a small pool, jacuzzi and steam room.