Venice has been around for centuries. According to scientists, the city has to exist 70-90 years, after which it will be finally flooded. This will happen if people continue to be inactive. The reasons for the immersion are associated exclusively with natural processes.
2. Maldives - washed away by tsunami
Resort paradise may cease to exist in the next hundred years. Like the Venice mentioned above, the Maldives is likely to go under water due to rising sea levels, as well as the increasing frequency of tsunamis in the region, which make staying on the islands more and more dangerous.
3. Glaciers of Antarctica - global "melting"
Every year, the glaciers of Antarctica melt more and more actively. Huge chunks break away from the ice massifs, which first become floating icebergs, and then turn into ordinary sea water. Scientists are sure that in 50 years tourists will have to ban visiting the region because of the growing danger.
4. Alpine glaciers - total convergence
Luxurious alpine glaciers await a very similar fate, which in the next 80 years can almost completely cease to exist. Moreover, after 40-50 years, skiing in some Tyrol will be simply impossible. The reason for this is all the same climate change on Earth.
5. The Dead Sea - a completely "dead" sea
These scientists are disappointing. Over the past 40 years, the Dead Sea has lost about a third of its volume. If this goes on (and there is no reason to doubt it), then after 35 years, this body of water will cease to exist on planet Earth.
6. Great Barrier Reef - Color Loss
According to scientists, today about 50% of the entire ecosystem of the barrier reef is irretrievably lost. In the coming years, the discoloration and extinction of the reef will only intensify. At the same time, aerial photography shows that about 93% of the total reef has already been gradually discolored.
7. Madagascar - the dead field
The rapid colonization of Madagascar in recent decades will become the grave digger of its ecosystem. With great probability, the further development of human economic activity will lead to the disappearance of all tropical forests on the island, and with them to the extinction of hundreds of unique animal species.
9. Mayan Pyramids - Times are Changing
It is not sad, but the unique Mayan pyramids are destroyed by the people themselves. Not so long ago, one of the pyramids was destroyed as a result of the actions of a construction company. This happened despite the fact that all the pyramids are protected by the state and international organizations.
10. Machu Picchu - too many tourists
Machu Picchu may cease to exist (at least in a recognizable form) in the next two to three decades. The influx of tourists, road repairs, construction, as well as earthquakes - all this destroys a unique attraction.
Want to see even more interesting things? Then you should definitely read about one interesting city in Australia, which can be found only by looking. into a hole like Alice.
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1. Colosseum, Italy
A powerful earthquake in 2016 in Central Italy caused serious damage to the cities of the country. Including one of the symbols of Italy, the Roman Colosseum suffered: new cracks appeared on its walls. Prior to this, the Roman authorities reported that the south side of the structure fell 40 cm below the north. The Colosseum is located in one of the most vibrant areas of Rome, so the building regularly experiences the vibrations of the underground metro line and transport.
Avlabar District. Tbilisi, Georgia.
One of the most picturesque quarters of Tbilisi, located on the left bank of the Kura River, has a dramatic story. At one time, the Georgian authorities decided to make Avlabar a fashionable area, but the residents refused to sell their houses (according to another version, they asked for such a price that the government choked). Then the area was simply declared a historical heritage. And now local families need to restore the architectural monuments in which their apartments are located. New construction, repairs without special permission, and even double-glazed windows in the windows - all this is prohibited (which, however, is sometimes violated). So the old buildings with wooden galleries and carved doors are gradually turning into ruins. But residents do not lose hope that one day the situation will change and they will finally be able to build new houses on the site of the picturesque ruins. In any case, Avlabar in the form in which he liked the users of instagram, after some time, will order a long life.
Regular flights to Tbilisi from Moscow are Aeroflot, S7, Georgian Airways (georgian-airways.com).
As China experiences its economic miracle, the Beijing Hutongs, the remnants of medieval city buildings, are a thing of the past. Tomsk monuments of wooden architecture of the late XIX - early XX centuries are destroyed, and those that are undergoing reconstruction, sometimes appear in unrecognizable form. Liverpool's historic port areas are being actively rebuilt.
Dead Sea, Israel / Jordan
The salty sea-lake is located at the lowest point on the planet (approximately -430 m). He was called Dead because of a salt concentration incompatible with any life, which can reach 350 ppm. But now it really is dying in the literal sense of the word - every year the water level drops by about a meter. On the shores, karst craters form, into which roads and entire houses fall through. Water leaves first of all due to the shallowing of the Jordan River and its tributaries, blocked by dams. Many scientists suggest that the Dead Sea will not disappear completely - at some point, the amount of evaporated water will coincide with the amount of incoming moisture. But this will not happen before the lake is reduced by at least a third. And in this case, the fragile ecosystem here will be irretrievably lost - the beaches and oases powered by springs on the shore will disappear.
From Moscow to Tel Aviv by Aeroflot or El Al flight (elal.com). From Tel Aviv, Jerusalem and Eilat there are passenger buses and tourist shuttles. From Jordan: S7 flies to Amman, then by taxi.
Lake Chad in Central Africa once reached nearly 18,000 square meters. km, but over the past 35 years it has decreased to almost 1,500 square meters. km - climate change and dam construction also played a role. The salt lake Urmia in Iran, once the largest in Central Asia, decreased by 80% in 30 years.
Great Barrier Reef, Australia
The Great Barrier Reef is the longest coral ridge in the world, the largest living organism on the planet and a UNESCO site. Its length is almost 2600 km, the area is about 344,400 square meters. km, the composition is about 2900 reefs and 900 islets. Today, the reef is almost not protected from tropical hurricanes, pollution, and especially discoloration caused by global warming and increasing acidity of water - because of this, coral colonies stop growing, become fragile and are more quickly destroyed by waves. If nothing changes, then the point of no return for the reef will come already in 2030.
Singapore Airlines flights (singaporeair.com) via Singapore to Australian Cairns, the gateway to the Great Barrier Reef. You can inspect coral booths during diving tours, cruises on boats with a transparent bottom, and excursions on light airplanes.
Water glorified this city, and water slowly kills it. Like a fabulous Kitezh, Venice goes to the bottom - about 5 mm every year. Floods here have long been accustomed to - the “aqua alt” happens whenever a strong wind drives waves from the lagoon towards the city, raising the water level in the canals. But flooding has become more and more frequent - scientists blame global warming for this. According to the most gloomy forecasts, already in 10 years Venice will be flooded to its very ears not four times a year, but twice a day - with every tide, and by 2100 only a wet place will remain from it. They are trying to save the city with the help of the MOSE system of mobile gateways - they have been working on it for more than 20 years, but in 2019 it should finally work. Which, however, only delay the sad end.
The most serious problem of Venice is not the rise of the oceans, but erosion. Salt water undermines the foundations, waves grind wooden piles, and dampness corrodes the plaster and crumbles the brick. They try to strengthen the most valuable architectural monuments with titanium supports, but it is impossible to do this with all the buildings of the city, and one day they will collapse, like the campaign of St. Mark's Cathedral in 1902 (today there is a copy of it on the square). But so far the old palazzos are strong enough so that they can be settled safely.
Most of the buildings in the historical center were rented as hotels and apartments, and this is another reason to talk about the disappearance of Venice, which almost lost its inhabitants and turned into a beautiful decoration for tourists. Real life has been preserved away from the Doge's Palace and the Rialto Bridge - for example, in the Cannaregio area on the northern outskirts. Although there are palazzo hotels here - in particular, the Grand Hotel Dei Dogi (dahotels.com/grand-hotel-dei-dogi-venezia) with five centuries of history and the largest private garden in Venice (over 2000 sq. M.). An ideal point to escape the tourist crowds and see the real Venice, while it is still possible.
Aeroflot has direct flights; it is most convenient to get from the airport to the city by vaporetto water bus.
Mosques of Tombouctou, Mali
In fact, Timbuktu is not a bay at all, but a small town located on the very edge of the Sahara. Founded in the 12th century by nomad Tuaregs, it was the starting point for caravan routes and an Islamic education center. The best preserved here is the adobe Old City with the Sahelian-style oldest mosques in West Africa. For example, the Jingberber Cathedral Mosque dates from the 14th century, and the Sidi Yahya Mosque and the Sankor Mosque, which served as one of the largest theological centers in the Muslim world, are from the 15th century. Many ancient manuscripts containing religious, historical and scientific texts are stored in Timbuktu - because of their venerable age, they are capable of crumbling into dust at any moment. The same fate threatens the clay mosques themselves, which float away and fall apart due to exposure to the sun, wind and rains.
Air France flights (airfrance.ru) via Paris to Bamako, the capital of Mali. It takes about 16 hours by car from Bamako to Tombouctou.
The Great Wall of China collapses due to erosion, an influx of tourists and plundering bricks - about a third have already disappeared. The walls of the unique clay high-rise buildings in Shibam suffer from floods and cyclones, because of the turbulent situation in Yemen they are almost not restored. 600 years ago, Chan-Chan in northern Peru was the largest adobe city in the world, and today it is eroded by showers caused by global warming.
The wooden lace of the Russian North is sharpened by the most serious bug - time. Many of the churches and chapels of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries are located in remote and depopulated settlements, where there is no opportunity not only to restore the monuments, but even protect them from vandals. However, there are places where you can reach by car and see this endangered beauty. In the vicinity of Kargopol, on the left bank of Onega, a whole necklace of such churches stretches. They were preserved in the villages of Bolshaya Shalga, Lyadiny and Saunino, but perhaps one of the most easily accessible and picturesque is the Sreteno-Mikhailovsky Church, built in 1665. The ghost temple stands in the deserted village of Krasnaya Lyaga (it once consisted of six villages where almost 200 people lived). Fundraising for the reconstruction of the monument has been opened, but so far the church continues to collapse. Nearby is another interesting place - Kuchepalda, an extinct village with a unique arrangement of houses built in a circle next to a dried lake.
To the station of Nyandoma by train (from Moscow about 20 hours), from where to Kargopol 80 km by car. From Kargopol to Krasnaya Lyaga - about 25 km. By car from Moscow - about 845 km.
Legzira Arch, Morocco
There are many wide and beautiful beaches on the Mediterranean and Atlantic coasts of the kingdom, but not one of them can be compared with Legzira. The eight-kilometer strip of sand between the southern towns of Mirlef and Sidi Ifni has long been chosen by surfers, paragliders and photographers. This beach was special in two huge ocher-colored sandstone arches formed by long-term erosion. For many years, waves, wind and rains gnawed a stone and finally bit it - about two years ago, one of the arches had already collapsed due to the ebbs and flows. The second, larger one, still costs, but no one knows how long it will last, because the climate in these parts is becoming more and more arid, and cracks could already appear on the rock.
The most convenient way to fly to Agadir is with Royal Air Maroc (royalairmaroc.com) via Casablanca. From Agadir to Mirlef about three hours by car.
The limestone cliffs of the 12 Apostles off the southern coast of Australia are corroded by storms, their foundations becoming thinner by 2 cm per year. Now only 8 rocks remain - the ninth collapsed in 2005. The edges of the chalk cliffs of Seven Sisters in England are gradually exfoliating and crumbling onto the English Channel - the largest coastal erosion in the country is recorded here. Shilin Karst Stone Forest in China is destroyed by erosion and acid rain caused by an increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide.
2. Mount Kilimanjaro, Tanzania
Kilimanjaro glaciers are melting before our eyes. Between 1912 and 2007, the ice cover of Africa’s highest mountain was reduced by as much as 85%. Experts say that if the climatic conditions do not change, then after a couple of decades we will not be able to see the snowy African peak.
4. Sundarban, India and Bangladesh
Sundarban is the largest mangrove forest. It is located in the Ganges Delta, in India and Bangladesh. This place is a haven for many rare and endangered species, including tigers, aquatic mammals, birds and reptiles. Alas, environmental pollution and the destruction of trees pose a threat to the forest and its inhabitants.
9. Glacier National Park, USA
There were 150 glaciers at one time in this national park in the US state of Montana. Now there are less than 25 of them. Due to warming, they can completely disappear by 2030, which will seriously damage the ecosystem of the park.
11. Machu Picchu, Peru
The ancient Inca city, recognized as one of the seven new wonders of the world, is very popular among tourists. Just they, along with landslides and erosion, are slowly destroying this remnant of ancient civilization. The limit on daily visits to attractions is already officially set - 2,500 people a day. But the rule is regularly violated. So Machu Picchu is that endangered antiquity that is not worth visiting. For the sake of its preservation.
13. Congo Basin, Africa
In this place is the second largest rainforest in the world. It is one of the most biologically diverse on the planet: there are thousands of plant species and hundreds of species of animals and birds. Alas, the UN does not exclude that two-thirds of the forest could die by 2040 due to the destruction of trees, poaching, and for other reasons.
15. Everglades National Park, USA
The state of this natural complex in Florida is rated as the most deplorable among American national parks. A large amount of water poses a threat to it, new species of animals and plants introduced by humans that violate the park’s ecosystem, as well as the growth of cities and industry in the region.
Bad news for winter sports enthusiasts: the snow cover of the Alps is also melting. Due to global warming, the mountain range loses about 3% of glaciers annually. Thus, by 2050 they may disappear completely.
This small state, located on nine Pacific islands, can go under water. The highest point of the archipelago is 4.5 meters above sea level, so that even a slight increase in water level can have a devastating effect on it.
21. The Great Wall of China
This greatest building has stood for more than two millennia, but is now in very poor condition. The wall is gradually destroyed by people and erosion. It is even possible that in the near future significant sections of the symbol of China will turn into ruins due to sandstorms.
Due to climate change, the famous resort located in the Indian Ocean can also sink soon. Every year, the water level in the Maldives rises by about 1 centimeter. Considering that 80% of the islands are located at an altitude of not more than 1 meter above sea level, they can become unsuitable for life after 100 years.