Piran is located on the seashore. Naturally, the life of local residents is connected with navigation and shipbuilding. Piran Maritime Museum - Museum of the History of Maritime Navigation in Slovenia. It was founded in 1954 as the Piran Municipal Museum and is located in a beautiful building - the Gabrielli de Castro Palace, located near the harbor.
The Piran Maritime Museum is located in a very beautiful three-story building, built in the classical style in the 19th century. Inside, the room is beautifully decorated, it is decorated with parquet floors, marble stairs, stucco molding on the ceiling and walls. The facade of the building faces the sea, which is important for the Maritime Museum.
In 1967, the museum received the name of Sergei Masher. This is an officer of the Navy, a hero of Slovenia, who during the Second World War blew up his ship and died himself, so as not to surrender to the enemy.
The museum has 3 expositions:
- Archaeological. Located on the ground floor. The floor of the room is made of glass, and under it there are objects obtained in archaeological expeditions from the seabed. For example, ancient amphoras. Visitors walk here in special slippers.
The Piran Maritime Museum also has a beautiful large library and restoration department.
Buses run regularly to Piran from Ljubljana Central Bus Station. Once in Piran, you need to catch a city bus and get to the Bernardin K station. After getting off the car, go down to Formace Street and walk along the coast to Dantejeva ulica. She also walks along the coast, so the walk will bring only pleasure. After 10 minutes you will find yourself at the intersection of Cankarjevo nabrezje and Vojkova ulica. There is a museum.
Photo and description
The Maritime Museum of Piran, without a doubt, is very important for the city, in the development of which the sea has always played a major role. And it is located on the coast.
The collection dedicated to the marine history and traditions of Slovenia was founded in 1954 on the basis of the city museum. The exposition expanded and ten years later it was allocated to a separate museum. In 1967, he received a separate building. Gabrielli de Castro Palace, a beautiful three-story neoclassical mansion, was built in the middle of the 19th century in the harbor. The building, whose facade faces the sea, was ideally suited for the Maritime Museum. The interior, with parquet floors, marble staircases and stucco moldings perfectly complements the exhibits of the museum.
Having received a separate building, the museum simultaneously received a name - the hero of World War II, Sergei Mashera. This Slovenian officer, the captain of the Navy of Yugoslavia in 1941 refused to surrender his destroyer and died by blowing it up.
The museum has three expositions - archaeological, marine and ethnological. The lower floor is dedicated to archaeological research and finds. At the entrance to it give out special slippers, because the floor is thick glass. Under it are ancient amphorae, mined from a sea day in underwater archaeological expeditions, some dating from the prehistoric era. The ground floor is also interesting for exhibits related to salt mining. For seven centuries, it has been the basis of the budget of the city of Piran and is considered particularly rich in minerals and trace elements. This unique salt is a fairly promoted product, it is used in world culinary, added to expensive chocolate, etc. Piran salt is mined at the Sechovelsky Solins, a branch of the Maritime Museum is open there.
All kinds of ship models, from antique to galleons and corvettes of the 17th-18th centuries, are exhibited on the second floor. As well as old and modern models of fishing boats and ships. In the remaining halls you can see the navigation instruments, the uniform of the sailors, their weapons, ancient maps, drawings by the mariners and much more, telling about the life and life of Slovenian sailors and fishermen.
The museum has an excellent thematic library, the fund of which exceeds 14 thousand volumes. There is a restoration department for existing and newly found exhibits.
The museum is a member of the International Congress of Maritime Museums and one of the founders of the Association of Mediterranean Maritime Museums.
The museum exposition tells the story of Slovenian shipping and related industries. It includes:
- The main marine historical and art collection - contains ancient maps (among them the only atlas by Pietro Coppo, completely preserved from the 16th century), models of ships of various types (including the authorship of Gabriel Gruber), navigation instruments, marine equipment, navy uniforms, paintings by artists - marine painters, ship photos and more. In addition to the merchant fleet, the collection also partially tells about the navies of the countries, which for centuries included the modern territory of Slovenia.
- An archaeological collection on the theme of overseas trade from prehistoric times to the Middle Ages.
- Ethnological collection on the theme of fishing - contains models of ships and gear for private and industrial fishing and talks about different ways of processing fish.
The museum library contains about 14,000 items from the old city library, supplemented by new professional literature.
The museum has three branches:
- Sechovel Salt Ponds (Slovenian. Sečoveljske soline) - a branch dedicated to salt production, on the example of old photographs, large-scale models, accessories and objects from the everyday life of salt makers tells about the process of salt production from sea water.
- Ethnographic monument "Tonina Hisha" (Slovenian. Tonina hiša) - the branch tells about the peasant life of the local prosperous farming family and the process of producing olive oil.
- Street museum (Slovenian. Ulični muzej) in the city of Izola.
Map of the Istrian Peninsula by Pietro Coppo