Translated from the Finno-Ugric language, the name "Perm" means "Far land." For 200 years, the city was considered the official capital of the Urals, until this title was transferred to Yekaterinburg. From the beginning of the 18th century, Perm began to develop as a large metallurgical center of the Russian Empire - modern plants are being built rapidly here.
The neighborhoods built up with wooden houses are interesting for visiting - from the estates of the 19th century to the Stalinist barracks, as well as the territory of the former Tatar settlement. Attention is drawn to the ancient buildings on Sibirskaya Street, the Motovilikha district, which for a long time developed as an independent settlement, and the grandiose building of the Central Internal Affairs Directorate covered with dark legends.
What to see and where to go to Perm?
The most interesting and beautiful places for walking. Photos and a brief description.
Until the mid-20th century, the Esplanade was a sleeping area with two-story wooden houses. In 1982, a new building of the drama theater was built here, in 1985 - a monument in honor of the heroes of the war and a color music fountain, which was later replaced by a more modern one. Nowadays, in order to improve the appearance of the place and increase its attractiveness for residents, cultural objects are continued to be erected here.
2. "Perm salty ears"
City sculpture, made in the form of a circle-frame with ears, where you can put your face and take pictures. The composition also includes the figure of a photographer standing opposite, ready to take a picture on a rare device. The monument is located on one of the central streets of Perm. It was installed in 2006. The name is associated with the traditional nickname of the inhabitants of the Perm Territory.
3. "The Legend of the Perm Bear"
Another urban sculpture depicting the famous symbol of the city is the bear. She adorned the central part of Perm in 2009 (the first version of the monument was made of stone and installed in 2006). According to the original idea of the authors of the project, the composition symbolizes the stereotype widespread among foreigners that bears freely walk around the streets in Ural cities.
4. Art object "Happiness is not far off"
The art object is a two-meter red lettering located on the Kama embankment in the area of the river station. It was created by B. Matrosov for the ArtPole festival. In Perm, the composition was in 2009. The attraction gained popularity largely due to television, as it appeared in a couple of famous Russian TV shows and even in an American music video.
5. Perm Art Gallery
An art museum containing more than 50 thousand works of art created from ancient times to the present. Here there are collections of Perm wooden sculptures, icons, prints, antique ceramics, medieval painting. The exposition is located in the building of the architectural monument - Spaso-Perobrazhensky Cathedral of the late XVIII - early XIX centuries, erected by the project of I. I. Sviyazev.
6. Peter and Paul Cathedral
The temple is one of the first stone buildings in the city. It is believed that the development of the city in the XVIII century began with its bookmark. The building is built in the style of a provincial baroque on the site of an earlier church. In 1929, the church was closed as part of a general anti-religious campaign, while confiscating almost all the valuable church property. Divine services resumed in the 1990s after a massive restoration of the building.
7. Holy Trinity Stefanov Monastery
The history of the monastery began at the end of the 18th century with the construction of a wooden church for the workers of the smelter. In 1816, the construction of a stone temple began, during which a man’s monastery was gradually formed. In 1935, the monastery was abolished, the bulk of the premises were transferred to the production warehouses of the bakery plant. In 1995, Holy Trinity Stefanov Monastery resumed its activities.
8. Ascension-Theodosius Church
The temple was erected in 1902, largely thanks to donations from citizens. He became the last church in Perm, built before the 1917 Revolution. In those days, the people called it "merchant". In the 1930s, after confiscation by the authorities, it was converted into a bakery. In the 1970s, a decision was made to restore and place inside the concert hall. In 1991, the building was returned to believers.
9. House of Gribushin
The picturesque mansion in the Art Nouveau style is considered one of the most beautiful buildings in Perm. It was built at the end of the 19th century according to the project of A. B. Turchevich for the family of one of the city officials. In 1905, the merchant S. M. Gribushin bought the house and rebuilt it according to his taste. In 1919, the merchant’s family left Russia, and the building became the property of the authorities. At different times, a military hospital and a children's hospital were located on its territory.
10. Meshkov House
City mansion in the historical center of Perm, built at the beginning of the XIX century. The house burned down twice, after which it was rebuilt with significant changes - if Russian classicism prevailed in the first version, then in later projects the architect preferred the Art Nouveau style. Nowadays, a branch of the Perm Museum of Local History with a historical exposition is located on its territory.
11. Theater "At the Bridge"
The scene was founded in 1988 by S.P. Fedotov, Honored Artist of Russia and a well-known artist on the basis of the Nytva Youth Theater Studio, where interesting experimental productions were given. The theater received its own building, located next to the Kama bridge, in 1992. Today, the institution is famous for its original plays, to which viewers specially come from other cities.
12. Perm Academic Theater-Theater
Dramatic scene, founded in 1927. Over the past time, she managed to change several sites. Today the theater is located in a building built in 1981, which is considered a regional architectural monument. The construction was designed by V.P. Davydenko. In 2005-2006, its restoration was carried out - during the work, the facades and some elements of the exterior decoration were updated.
13. Opera and Ballet Theater named after P. I. Tchaikovsky
The theater appeared in 1870. The building, which has survived to this day, was built in 1879. In the middle of the 20th century, it was completely reconstructed without touching the historical appearance of the scene. The main goal of the theater is to present the audience with the entire creative heritage of the famous native of Prikamye - composer P.I. Tchaikovsky. All his works were staged here: 3 ballets and 10 opera performances.
14. Museum "Motovilikhinsky factories"
The appearance and development of Perm was largely due to the launch of metallurgical plants in the XVIII century. Then this area was called Motovilikha. The museum exposition is dedicated to the history and development of these enterprises. Of particular interest is the part of the collection located in the open air and consisting of massive artillery pieces and missiles produced by the factory at different times.
15. Museum-diorama in Motovilikha
The exposition is a branch of the Perm Museum of Local Lore and is part of a memorial on Mount Vyshka dedicated to the events of the revolutions of the early XX century. The history of the collection began in 1920 with the opening of the monument to the fighters of the revolution. The main exhibit is a panoramic canvas made by a group of military artists and dedicated to the events of the armed uprising of 1905 in Motovilikha.
16. PERMM Museum of Modern Art
The museum appeared in 2009 after the Russian poor exhibition of contemporary art, in which art objects created by progressive authors from sand, clay, cardboard, foam rubber, adhesive tape and other “poor” materials were exhibited. Until 2014, the exposition was located on the territory of the former river station. The main mission of the museum is to develop current trends, create a creative environment and increase the image of Perm.
17. Museum of Perm Antiquities
The collection consists of geological exhibits: fossils, fossils, skeletons of ancient animals that existed on Earth millions of years ago. Many finds belong to the Permian geological period. The museum has a rich paleontological exposition, causing genuine interest of visitors. Interesting and informative excursions take place on its territory.
The Museum of the History of Political Repression, located on the territory of the former prison camp about 120 km from Perm. Its exposure is unique. Until 1988, state criminals and political prisoners were serving their sentences here. After a walk through the museum territory, the visitor will be able to get an idea of the GULAG camp system, the conditions of prisoners and difficult prison everyday life. The museum is quite scandalous, for many it’s just another attempt to denigrate the Soviet period of history.
19. Architectural and Ethnographic Museum "Khokhlovka"
The complex is located on the picturesque banks of the Kama River, about 40 km from Perm. It was founded in 1969 and became actually the first museum of wooden architecture in the Urals. The exposition is a group of open-air buildings dating back to the 17th - first half of the 20th centuries. Some houses have recreated historic interiors and ethnographic collections.
20. The building of the Central Internal Affairs Directorate in the Perm Territory
The building, built in the style of the so-called “Stalinist monumentalism” in the middle of the 20th century, once belonged to the KGB. In Soviet times, there were many terrible legends about him, which is why it acquired the frightening nickname "Death Tower". People shared stories about how they tortured the innocent in the dungeons and executed the convicts, dropping them from the roof into the courtyard. Today the building belongs to the local police department.
21. Perm Gate
An art object made of wood, created in 2011 for the exposition of the PERMM museum. It is a 12-meter construction of spruce logs in the shape of the letter "P". Currently, the sculpture is located on the territory of the 250th anniversary of Perm, known as the "Park of stones." Within this square are rock samples brought from different regions of the Perm Territory.
22. The rotunda in Gorky Park
In the city park of culture and leisure there is a remarkable building - a rotunda of the 19th century, designed by II Sviyazev to visit Emperor Alexander I in Perm. It was here that in 1824 a solemn meeting of the autocrat with the authorities and residents took place. Today, an architectural monument is considered a symbol of the city. Newlyweds often choose this place for exit registration of marriage.
23. The Garden of Eden Park
The park appeared in 1865 on the site of a closed smelter. From the moment it was opened and during the Soviet era, workers were monitoring its territory, organizing measures for cleaning and landscaping lawns. In the second half of the 20th century, the park gradually became desolate. In 2010, after a massive reconstruction, the Garden of Eden reopened to visitors. Today it is a popular holiday destination.
24. Kama hydroelectric station
A powerful hydroelectric power station is part of the Volga-Kama cascade complex of hydroelectric power stations. Its construction was completed in 1958. Basically, the work involved the work of prisoners from the surrounding camps, which was very typical of the Soviet "construction projects of the century." Today, hydropower plants, as before, are of key importance for providing electricity to vast areas of the European part of Russia.
25. The Kama River
Large water artery with a length of more than 1800 km, a powerful tributary of the Volga. The river is navigable, and many fish species are also found here. Its picturesque beaches attract a considerable number of travelers. A major Kama Cup sailing tournament is held here. Within Perm, along the river, a well-equipped embankment is equipped, through which automobile and pedestrian bridges are thrown.
Monument to the heroes of the front and rear
- Address: city esplanade. Bus stop "Popova Street".
To celebrate the 40th anniversary of the great Victory of the Soviet people in the Second World War, on the esplanade in the Leninsky district of Perm, a majestic monument was inaugurated. On a pedestal lined with polished granite, a sculptural composition cast in bronze rises. At its center is the figure of the Motherland, which takes a shield from the hands of a worker and passes a sword to a warrior. The monument symbolizes the unprecedented unity of the front and rear, which allowed the people of a multinational country to break the backbone of fascism.
- Address: Park them. M. Gorky. Bus stop "Art Gallery".
Royal persons rarely spoiled Perm with visits. Each such visit became a landmark event in the life of the city. Therefore, the arrival of Emperor Alexander I in 1824 was thoroughly prepared. Then an elegant arbor appeared in the city garden, the dome of which is supported by 12 slender columns. There was no time left for the erection of the stone structure; as a result, it was built of wood and painted white. It is not known whether the autocrat learned about this or not, but he approved the rotunda, and the townspeople immediately liked the new attraction.
- Address: st. Belinsky, 46. Stop transport "Komsomolskaya Square."
The exterior of the building, which has become one of the main symbols of Perm, reflected the best features inherent in Soviet architectural classicism. It looks impressive and majestic, takes a whole block. The massive tower, crowned with a spire, crashing into the sky at 47 m, arched entrances resembling a fortress gate, make the mansion very similar to a knight’s castle. The building received its unofficial name due to the fact that for many years the NKVD structures were located there. Several gloomy urban legends are associated with this. One of them says that the bodies of its builders are walled up in the walls of the structure.
Monument Permyak - salty ears
- Address: Komsomolsky prospect, 27. Stop of the TSUM transport.
A small sculpture is a kind of visiting card of Perm, which has long been considered the capital of Russian salt production. By the middle of the XIX century. after the inhabitants of the city, a nickname, coming from the specifics of traditional craft, was strengthened. His appearance is associated with the fact that the ears of workers who carried bags of salt on their shoulders were saturated with the smallest particles of the mineral. The original bronze sculpture, often called the most non-trivial monument in Russia, fell in love with the townspeople and tourists coming to Perm. Photos on the background of the monument look very original.
- Address: st. Krupskaya, 61A. Bus stop "Krupskaya Street".
The Ural city can be considered unique if only because five television towers were erected at different times on its territory. The last of them, commissioned a year ago, has become a landmark of modern Perm. Indeed, with a height of 275 m., The local television tower is second only to similar structures in Moscow and St. Petersburg. In the evenings, the openwork metal structure, illuminated by multi-colored lights, looks especially impressive.
Monument to Nicholas the Wonderworker
- Address: st. Monastic. Bus stop "Art Gallery".
Famous sculptor V.M. Klykov, who headed the International Fund for Slavic Writing and Culture, sculpted the statue of Nikolai the Miracle Worker back in 2005, however, for a long time he could not decide on the place where it would be installed. Shortly before his death, he bequeathed his creation to Perm. In June 2008, the monument was inaugurated after a special holiday prayer. Today it has become not only a place of pilgrimage for believers, but also a significant landmark of the city.
Station Perm I
- Address: st. Monastyrskaya, 5. Stop of transport “Station Perm I”.
The building of Perm I station, included in the register of architectural monuments of regional significance, was the starting point of the Ural Railway, which connected in the second third of the XIX century. city with Yekaterinburg. The exterior of the building is eclectic. The architecture of the building is dominated by a pseudo-Russian style, as evidenced by the kokoshniks of the tent towers crowned with high spiers. The station looks elegant, delighting Perm people and visitors with the grace and luxurious decor of the facade.
The Eiffel Tower
- Address: st. Ryazan, 19. Stop transport "Aviagorodok."
Residents of the Ural metropolis do not have to go to Paris to admire the famous Eiffel Tower. Its copy, however, reduced by almost 30 times, since 2009 has become one of the colorful sights of Perm, found in modern times. The eleven-meter tower, which is illuminated in the evenings by colorful spotlights, has already become a must-see place for wedding processions. Newlyweds, like city guests, love to be photographed against its background.
Monument to the heroes of the films of L. Gaidai
- Address: Komsomolsky prospect, 53. Stop of the cinema "Crystal".
Cinema "Crystal" is considered the most popular in the city. But to visit here is not only for the sake of viewing the blockbuster and melodrama. In front of the building you can take a picture among the colorful trinity of heroes of the immortal comedies of L. Gaidai. The bronze figures of Experienced, Coward and Dunce appeared in Perm in 2010. Since then, the composition, perpetuating the image of the wonderful Soviet actors Yu. Nikulin, G. Vitsin, E. Morgunova, has become one of the city’s popular attractions.
Museum of Local Lore
- Schedule: daily, except Monday, from 10:00 to 19:00, on Thursday from 12:00 to 21:00.
- Ticket price: adult 120 p., Preferential 60 p., Children under 16 are allowed free of charge.
- Phone: +7 342 259-02-55.
- Website: http://www.museum.perm.ru
- Address: st. Monastyrskaya, 11. Stop of transport “Square named after Reshetnikova. "
The expositions of the museum, founded in 1894, are located in a unique historical building built in the late 19th century, known as the Meshkov mansion. The rich collection of the institution includes tens of thousands of exhibits telling about the history, nature of the amazing Perm Territory, life, the distinctive culture of the peoples that have long inhabited these lands. The collections of the museum, which has 11 branches, contain many priceless artifacts obtained during archaeological and ethnographic expeditions. In addition to visiting the main exposition, tourists will be offered to visit a variety of thematic exhibitions.
- Schedule: daily, except Monday, from 10:00 to 19:00, on Tuesday and Thursday from 12:00 to 21:00.
- Ticket price: adult 120 rubles, children 80 rubles.
- Phone: +7 342 212-95-24.
- Website: http://www.permartmuseum.ru
- Address: Komsomolsky Prospect, 4. Bus stop "Art Gallery" or "TSUM".
Since its foundation in 1902, the city art gallery has gone from a modest institution with a small collection of paintings, to one of the cultural gems of the whole Prikamye. During the war, it was in its walls that the collection of the Russian Museum was stored, part of which remained in Perm. Today in the storerooms of the gallery there are more than 50 thousand works of painters, sculptors, masters of applied art from different eras - from antiquity to the present. Most of them are displayed in a permanent exhibition. The gallery is located in a unique historical building of the Transfiguration Church.
- Schedule: submissions are given from Tuesday to Sunday inclusive. The performances start at 16:00 on weekends, at 19:00 on weekdays.
- Ticket price: from 200 r. up to 1200 p.
- Phone: +7 342 212-30-87.
- Website: http://www.permopera.ru
- Address: st. Peter and Paul, 25A. Stop of transport "Opera and Ballet Theater" or "Main Post Office".
A wonderful evening watching a spectacular performance invites Melpomene fans to visit the city Opera, established in 1870. Authoritative critics include it in the TOP-10 of the best provincial theaters in Russia, and the ballet troupe, in general, is among the top five in the country. The modern generation of artists and directors has repeatedly won prizes from reputable festivals. There are only 10 Golden Masks in the collection of the theater. Performances are staged against a background of colorful scenery, the auditorium has excellent acoustics.
Holy Trinity Monastery
- Schedule: daily, from 8:00 to 20:00.
- Phone: +7 342 267-51-00.
- Website: http://www.permstefan.ru
- Address: st. Visimskaya, 4A. Stop transport "Ploshchad Vosstaniya".
At the end of the XVIII century. smelter workers raised funds for the construction of a small wooden church in Motovilikha. The authorities gave the necessary permissions and already in 1790 a church was consecrated here, around which a monastery was formed. Over time, the buildings began to decay. Then it was decided to erect stone structures in their place. The new building, already in the status of a cathedral, was consecrated in 1836. The five-domed church with an elegant bell tower and an eclectic exterior, in which the influence of Byzantine and Old Russian styles is felt, turned out to be surprisingly elegant. With the advent of Soviet power, the monastery buildings were transferred to the bakery, they were returned to the church only in 1994. During the restoration work, all the buildings and the temple building were restored. The main shrine of the monastery is considered the miraculous image of the “Inexpressible Chalice”, to which thousands of believers strive to adhere.
- Schedule: daily, from 9:00 to 21:00.
- Phone: +7 342 237-50-66.
- Address: st. Osinskaya, 5. Stop of transport "Okulova Street".
The oldest Islamic temple, built with the money of Muslim merchants, opened the doors for believers as early as 1903. In addition to historical value, the building is very interesting for its architectural features. In its exterior, the traditions of Russian church and eastern religious architecture are intertwined wonderfully harmoniously. So, the minaret of the mosque is very similar in appearance to the bell tower. In the design of the facade used decor elements inherent in two seemingly antagonistic styles. The windows of the temple are decorated with multi-colored stained-glass windows, but its interiors are modest and very ascetic.
- Schedule: daily, from 9:00 to 18:00 in the winter, from 9:00 to 21:00 in the summer.
- Ticket price: adult 200 rubles, children's 100 rubles.
- Phone: +7 342 212-26-21.
- Website: http://www.zoo.perm.ru
- Address: st. Monastyrskaya, 10. Bus stop "Art Gallery".
Since its opening in 1933, the city zoo is considered one of the most visited cultural and entertainment institutions in Perm. The spacious open-air cages on its territory, covering an area of more than 2 hectares, contain almost 2800 representatives of the fauna. Excellent conditions have been created for animals, so they not only feel great here, but also successfully breed. In particular, they regularly give offspring a pair of snow leopards, Amur tigers, Caucasian leopards. Contact recreation is very popular among children, where young visitors can play with safe animals.
- Schedule: daily.
- Ticket price: admission is free.
- Address: st. Catherine, 225A. Stop transport "Khokhryakova" or "Street Catherine."
If you came to the city with a teenager, be sure to bring him to this wonderful place. There are no analogs in Russia yet. There are excellent conditions for skateboarding and roller skating, freestyle, parkour, and other sports that are popular with young people. It is easy to hone your skills on several ramps, various faces or pyramids. Self-confident professionals will be able to demonstrate an amazing trick on the planes of the 11-meter California Pipe. By the way, do not forget to take a memory photo of the incredibly colorful sculptures “Perm period” and “Tron”.
Museum of Motovilikhinsky factories
- Schedule: on weekdays from 9:00 to 16:00, on weekends from 11:30 to 15:00.
- Ticket price: admission to the museum is free.
- Phone: +7 342 260-59-76.
- Website: http://www.mz.perm.ru
- Address: st. 1905, 20. Stop of transport "Street of 1905".
An excursion to this institution will undoubtedly enthrall any boy and will allow parents to learn a lot of interesting things. The museum exposition is divided into two parts. In several rooms, visitors can get acquainted with the history of the famous "Motovilikha" from the moment of its foundation to the present day. In one of the halls, the surroundings of a copper mine of the 18th century were reconstructed. Guests will be able to see the working conditions of the production facilities founded by V.N. Tatishchev. The most interesting exhibits are exposed in the open. Military equipment is demonstrated at several sites, which the company produced at different times - from the local Tsar Cannon, cast in 1868, to Grad missile systems.
Read about the sights
Anyone who wants to get acquainted with the original culture of the peoples of the Urals and enjoy the charm of the local nature should come to this wonderful city. The days spent in Perm will have the most pleasant memories and many stunning photographs.
The first season of the series about a simple guy Kolyan from Perm, the townspeople took a cool. Many were outraged that the Permians in "Real Boys" are portrayed too far-sighted. But time passed, and the inhabitants of Perm discerned “their boyfriend” in Kolyan, became attached to the heroes. High ratings of all seasons are proof of this. The series is partially filmed in Moscow and the Moscow region, partially in Perm. Thanks to the heroes of “Real Boys”, all of Russia learned to say: “Che,” “Yes somehow?” And “Swinota”.
The hotel is located next to the Opera and Ballet Theater and is closely connected: during the years of World War II, evacuated ballet dancers from the Kirov Leningrad Theater lived here. In the same building lived the composers Sergei Prokofiev (here he finished the ballet Cinderella) and Aram Khachaturian (in Molotov, as Perm was called then, he created the ballets Gayane and Spartak), writers Veniamin Kaverin and Yuri Tynyanov.
A beautiful white arbor in the center of Gorky Park has long been one of the symbols of Perm. Many events take place here - and not only organized by the park. For example, in recent years, rotunda has been conducting field marriage registrations. The author of the project is Ivan Sviyazev, who gave Perm another symbol - the Transfiguration Cathedral (now the building houses an art gallery).
Svetlana Permyakova at the bear
There is a bear on the coat of arms of Perm and the region, and this is not surprising - it was he who was the most revered beast among the Komi people, his images are often found in the Perm animal style. And since the mid-2000s, Permians can honestly tell city guests that we have bears walking in the streets. At least one - for sure. The monument "The Legend of the Perm Bear" is located at the intersection of Lenin and Kompros streets, near the Ural Hotel. Near him, locals and visitors like to be photographed. In addition, it is believed that the bear helps the fulfillment of desire - for this you need to rub the nose of the bear.
Books by Alexey Ivanov
Two of the most famous novels by Alexei Ivanov are dedicated to Perm land. “The geographer drank the globe” tells about the life of Perm teacher Viktor Sluzhkin and shows how the province lived in the dashing 90s. The film of the same name based on the novel was shot in Perm and the views of the city in it are quite recognizable. “The Heart of Parma” is dedicated to the period when paganism and Orthodoxy collided in the territory of modern Perm Territory. In the novel there are shamans and battles, the Golden Woman and the harsh Ural forests ... In general, if you want to imagine the life of our ancestors, be sure to read it!
Monument "The Legend of the Perm Bear"
Not far from Permyak - salty ears, you can see another symbol of the Perm Territory. This is a sculpture “The Legend of the Perm Bear”, or “The Walking Bear”. However, such a poetic name did not take root among the people, and the townspeople usually call the monument simply a bear (or a bear). In order to fulfill his cherished desire, he is made up around the sculpture and the teddy bear’s bronze nose is rubbed.
The bear is the heraldic animal of Perm, it can be seen on the coat of arms of the city. The bear’s figure is also a frequent motif of bronze casting, known as the Perm animal style (samples of which, incidentally, adorn the Perm TSUM - just opposite the figure of the Perm bear). Anyway, shouldn't bears walk on the streets of Russian cities? The sculpture was opened in 2006 in front of the Legislative Assembly of the Perm Territory, and in 2009 it was moved to its current location. The authors of the composition are Vladimir Pavlenko and Olga Krasnosheina.
- Address: st. Lenin, near the hotel "Ural".
- Time for visits: around the clock.
Monument "Kama River"
And one more symbolic sculpture. Local materials were used to create the monument, limestone (widespread in the region) was mined in Kungur. The pillars are decorated with copies of products of the Perm animal style. The composition is designed to remind of the antiquity and power of Perm the Great and the complex history of its settlement, the interesting culture of the indigenous peoples of the region and, of course, the Kama River, to which the city owes a lot.
The monument was unveiled on June 12, 2010. The authors of the composition are Dmitry Postnikov, Alexander Suvorov and Mikhail Vasev. Reviews about the sculpture come across very contradictory, but still it enjoys some popularity both among the townspeople and among tourists.
- Address: st. Lenin, near the hotel "Ural".
- Time for visits: around the clock.
Theater (Komsomolsky) Square
The place occupied by the theater and the square near it has been assigned to them since the century before last: in 1883, an order was issued by the governor of the Perm province to equip a theater garden at the city theater. Lindens, maples, spruces were planted here, creating a unique atmosphere that retains charm and attractiveness until now. Somewhere among the shady alleys, you can find monuments to the poet Boris Pasternak, who was in Perm, and the revolutionary sailor Pavel Khokhryakov, who died in the battles near Yekaterinburg, as well as the oldest fountain in Perm. And, of course, in the most prominent place - a sculpture of V.I. Lenin.
Theater Square (its official name is Komsomolsky) is a favorite place for walks near Perm, in recent years, a central platform for open-air exhibitions has been operating on the central avenue. Many guests are gathered here by the annual Diaghilev Seasons festival, associated with the name of the world-famous entrepreneur S.P. Diaghilev, who spent his childhood in Perm (where, by the way, there is the only house-museum of the legendary impresario in the world).
- Address: st. Petropavlovskaya, 25 A.
- Time for visits: around the clock.
Meshkov House (Perm Museum of Local Lore)
Perhaps the most boring sight at first glance is the local history museum (you can go to such a place in Novosibirsk, Anapa, Tver and other cities). The question always arises: do I need to visit it? What is special about the Perm Museum of Local Lore? Of course, the first thing that attracts the attention of the visitor is the building where the museum is located. The old mansion on the banks of the Kama River, which became the main building of the Perm Museum of Local Lore in 2007, has changed many owners over its long history, but in the memory of the townspeople it is associated with the name of its first owner - Nikolai Vasilyevich Meshkov.
This large Perm businessman, public figure and philanthropist purchased the building in 1886, initiated its reconstruction according to the project of architect A. B. Turchevich so that the mansion became one of the most beautiful in Perm.
The permanent exhibition of the Meshkov House is dedicated to the history of the Perm Territory from ancient times to the end of the twentieth century. In the museum you can see a wonderful collection of Perm animal style, Old Believer icons of the 18th century, rare early printed books and much more, no less interesting.Among the objects exhibited in the museum, there is a rare artifact - a staff that belonged to Stefan of Perm (the first bishop and enlightener of Perm lands, the creator of the Komi-Perm alphabet). Interchangeable exhibitions are also held at the Meshkov House, and in recent years a lecture hall on national history has been organized. Admission to events is a free lecture hall.
- Address: st. Monastic, 11.
- Time for visits: Tuesday-Wednesday, Friday-Sunday - from 10:00 to 19:00 (ticket office is open until 18:00), Thursday - from 12:00 to 21:00 (ticket office is open until 20:00), Monday is a day off. Summer mode (July 1 - August 31): Tuesday-Sunday - from 12:00 to 21:00 (ticket office is open until 20:00), Monday is a day off.
- Ticket price: children and students under 18 years old - free of charge, for students, pensioners, disabled people (upon presentation of a student card, pension certificate) - 70 rubles, for other visitors - 130 rubles.
Kama River Embankment
You can’t visit Perm and not walk along the Kama embankment. In pre-revolutionary times, when the river occupied a particularly important place in the life of the city, every year they were impatiently waiting for ice to come off Kama. The spring ice drift gathered a lot of spectators, foreshadowing a quick revival, the resumption of trade and passenger traffic.
The modern embankment has recently been reconstructed and put in a neat appearance, so today it is again becoming an attractive resting place for citizens. In 2016, a rotunda was installed on the waterfront (the third in a row in the city) - small, even miniature, but immediately loved by both tourists and local residents. The art object “Happiness is just around the corner”, created by the artist Boris Matrosov in 2009, is also located here.
- Address: descent from the side of Cathedral Square or River Station (Monastyrskaya St., 2 k1).
- Time for visits: around the clock.
Young Spectator Theater
In Perm there are not many interesting architectural monuments of past eras, and especially those that still occupy a prominent place in the life of the city. One example is the building of the Perm Theater of Young Spectators. The mansion in the Art Nouveau style, where the theater is now located, was built at the turn of the century (between 1899 and 1902), designed by architect A. B. Turchevich and commissioned by the widow of Perm Mayor I. I. Lyubimov - Elizaveta Ivanovna Lyubimova. The fate of the building after the revolution turned out to be difficult, and its mistress - tragic.
Traces of E.I. Lyubimova are lost in the fall of 1918, when, after being expelled from her own home, she never found a new haven. In her mansion, meanwhile, were the party committee and the society “Down with illiteracy!”, And much more until the Perm Youth Theater established itself here in 1987.
- Address: st. Catherine, 68.
- Time for visits: around the clock.
Fans of urban antiquity, mysterious legends and scary stories will like the Yegoshikhinsky cemetery - the oldest in Perm. It was founded in the second half of the 18th century, people of different nations and faiths are buried here, there are Orthodox, Lutheran, Catholic, Muslim and Jewish sites, and they also distinguish the so-called Military cemetery, where participants of the Great Patriotic War who died in Perm hospitals are buried. Among those resting at the Yegoshikhinsky cemetery are many generations of Permians, as well as immigrants from other regions, exiled, evacuated Leningraders.
The cemetery is also interesting for the variety of preserved tombstones and, together with them, epitaphs. Here you can find Old Believer crosses, original chapels and crypts, biblical commandments and declarations of love, oaths of revolutionaries. The oldest surviving monument dates back to 1795: a cast-iron tombstone of a plate of a Permian mayor, merchant and temple-maker V.G. Lapin. Vladimir Yevgeny Zimmerman, a doctor, state adviser whose daughters (Evelina, Ottilia and Margarita Zimmerman), according to legend, became prototypes of the characters of A.P. Chekhov's play “Three Sisters”, Pyotr Mikhailovich Shostakovich, great-grandfather of composer D. D. Shostakovich, Nikolai Afanasevich Teplov, the hero of the battle of Borodino.
- Address: Sverdlovsk district, Razgulyay microdistrict.
- Time for visits: around the clock.
Monument to Alexei Popov
Alexei Stepanovich Popov (the great Russian scientist, inventor of radio) was born in a small settlement in the Perm province (now part of the Sverdlovsk region), and spent 4 years in Perm while studying at the Perm Theological Seminary. It is not surprising that the Perm monument portrays the scientist as a young seminary: in uniform and with books in his hand.
The authors of the sculpture turned to the photographs of A. S. Popov from the time of his studies in Perm, preserved in the local museum, and even sewed the seminarian form of the bygone period - all so that the recreated image was as close to reality as possible. In addition to the figure of the scientist himself, the composition of the composition includes the transmitter and receiver invented by him and used to transmit radio waves.
The initiative to create the monument belonged to the representatives of large Perm communications enterprises - funding was provided for their donations, as well as for private funds. The monument was unveiled on June 11, 2013, the authors of the composition are architects D. Lapshin, E. Koltsova, artist I. Dymshakov, sculptor A. Matveev.
- Address: st. Lenin, 68.
- Time for visits: around the clock.
Central Amusement Park. M. Gorky
Park them. M. Gorky is, of course, the most beloved and popular vacation spot among the townspeople. Its history is long and rich, we only note that already at the beginning of the 19th century, a boulevard and alleys for pedestrians were arranged on the territory of the modern park. And in 1834, specially for the arrival of Alexander I, a rotunda was installed here - near it the emperor met with Permians. Nearby, by the way, is the obelisk on the site of the Siberian outpost, through which the sovereign entered the city. The rotunda of Gorky Park is one of the symbols of the city (and, of course, the park itself), to which in 2013 a new, fifty-meter ferris wheel was added.
The park is located in the city center, works in any weather, becomes a platform for various festivals and exhibitions. Of course, children are necessarily brought here, they immediately make appointments or just take a break from the bustle of the city.
- Address: st. Siberian, 49.
- Time for visits: daily from 11:00 to 22:00.
Perm, although it seeks to compete in the struggle for the title of the cultural capital of Russia, of course, can not be compared with St. Petersburg in the number of museums and monuments, but there is something to see here. Although the capital of the Perm Territory cannot boast of chic palaces and huge museums, it has at its disposal unique works of the latest art and original examples of urban sculpture.
Come to Perm to see a bear and a mammoth, try on the salty ears of the Permian Perm, hear the urban legends chilling and, of course, enjoy the Ural landscape.