Norbulinka Palace is located on the banks of the Kuichu River, one kilometer from the Potala Palace, which is no less famous in Lhasa. Currently, the palace is a grandiose temple complex, including parkland and other buildings. The construction of the building was begun in the 1740s in a rather inaccessible area with picturesque natural landscapes. The seventh Dalai Lama loved to stroll among these landscapes, so he soon wished to build a unique palace. For centuries, important Buddhist religious and holiday events have been held in Norbulinka, and since 2001, the attraction has been included in the UNESCO cultural heritage list and carefully protected by the state.
The total area of the palace and the park is about 36 hectares, which indicates the large-scale project. Today it is the largest garden and park complex in China. Locals call Norburlinka “Jewel”, which is justified, because the external beauty of the palace amazes visitors, and in the park you can see many green spaces, flower beds and rare species of other plants.
Norbulinka consists of several buildings built in different periods. The three-story Kelsang Potrang Palace, which houses a huge number of shrines, libraries and bedrooms, was erected in honor of the seventh Dalai Lama. The Eighth Dalai Lama immortalized the memory of his deeds in the palace of Tsokil Potrang. Khamsum Tsilnon Pavilion, where the Dalai Lama usually listened to music during rare moments of relaxation, is especially popular among tourists. More than 2,000 tourists visit Norbulinka daily to get acquainted with traditional Chinese culture and immerse themselves in the true spirit of Buddhism.
Tours in Tibet
Norbulinka (which means “Precious Park”) is located in the western suburbs of Lhasa, on the banks of the Kuichu River, a kilometer from the Potala Palace. The garden covers an area of 360,000 square meters. This is the largest and most beautiful man-made garden of Tibet. Given the great cultural significance, the Norbulinka Palace has been included in the UNESCO World Heritage List since 2001.
Construction of the building began in the 1740s. in a vacant lot with weeds, shrubs and wild animals, where he loved to walk the seventh Dalai Lama. Noticing this, the Zinn Magistrate ordered the construction of a beautiful palace in the garden. Later, the complex became the Summer Residence of the Dalai Lama, where political issues were resolved and celebrations were held.
Norbulinka actually consists of several buildings built at different times. Kelsang Potrang Palace is named after the Seventh Dalai Lama. This is a three-story building with rooms for worshiping the Buddha, bedrooms, libraries and shrines. Tsokil Potrang Palace was built during the reign of the eighth Dalai Lama and is considered the most attractive in Norbulinka Park. The most striking pavilion in the Han architecture style is the Khamsum Tsilnon Hall, where the Dalai Lamas listened to Tibetan operas. In 1922, a wealthy benefactor built the Golden Link and Chancel Potrang palaces for the thirteenth Dalai Lama.
In 1954, the fourteenth Dalai Lama built Takten Migur Potrang ("Eternal Palace"), which is also called the New Summer Palace. Its architecture combined the severity of the temple with the splendor of a residential villa. The walls of the building are decorated with exquisite paintings. The frescoes in the northern hall depict the serene calm of Buddha Shakyamuni and his eight contemplating disciples. Murals in the southern hall reflect the history of Tibet.
Each building has its own yard and garden. Once in the garden there were many animals and flowers. Today, Norbulinka Park is open to visitors. Theatrical performances are held here, dance competitions and music festivals are held. And on weekdays, the magnificent garden invites for a leisurely walk and meditation, surrounded by Dalai Lamas temples.
In the vicinity of Lhasa, in addition to the largest palace in the world - Potala, there are also no less famous monasteries Jokhang and Sera. And if you decide to stay in Tibet, you can visit the highest mountain monastery in the world - Rongbuk Monastery at the foot of Everest.