Isabella is considered the largest island in the Galapagos Islands. Its length is 100 km, and the area is 4640 km 2. Its shape resembles a bizarre figure of a seahorse. Discovered this fabulous island of Christopher Columbus. And he received his beautiful name in honor of the Queen of Spain. The island has five living volcanoes, two of which (Ecuador and Wolf) are located at the equator.
Isabella Island is the most beautiful island of the archipelago. The population of the island is only about 2200 people. This territory is considered the country's most important reserve, because it is here that more than 60% of the species of flora and fauna are concentrated.
Flora and fauna of the island
The rich flora and fauna attracts tourists to the island of Isabella. Only here you can see leisurely strolling penguins, not flying cormorants, finches and pelicans at the same time. On the island of Isabella, several interesting species of turtles live. For example, giant turtles Alkedo. They spend most of their life in the mud of the crater of a volcano, and only a month before the end of the rains, females of this species, after mating, go on a journey to the sea to lay eggs in the sand. You can see little turtles on the shore of the bay from December to January. Also from the island of Isabella, you can watch the Galopagos whales, there are 16 species here.
In the past, a penal colony was located on Isabella Island. While serving their sentence, they had to build a wall of huge blocks of lava. Today, this building is called the Wall of Tears. The construction has survived to this day - 7 meters in height and 100 meters in length.
The island has the world's second largest volcano called Sierra Negro. A huge crater with a depth of 100 km and a diameter of 10 km. located 22 km. from Puerto Villamil.
You should definitely visit the Volcano Volcano. You can get to it from the town of Santo Thomas on horseback or on foot.
Also, the main attractions of the island include Urbin Bay, which is inhabited by colorful iguanas, giant turtles and penguins, and the small town of Punta Morena, famous for mangroves. And these mysterious sea iguanas and turtles! Just to see them, you should make an exciting trip to this island.
In the southeast of the coast of the island of Isabella is the city of Puerto Villamil. It was founded in 1897 by Antonio Gil. It was here that lime production was first started, which was produced by burning coral. The settlement next to the city is called Santo Tomas. There are huge coffee plantations. The population in these two cities is about 1000 people.
In 1959, the Government of Ecuador announced that 97.5% of the archipelago is a national park, with the exception of areas with human settlements. In the same year, the Charles Darwin Foundation was established, the main objectives of which were to preserve unique ecosystems and to facilitate research in the Galapagos Islands. In 1978, UNESCO recognized the islands as a world heritage, and in 1990, the archipelago was given the status of a whale reserve.
Interesting places Isabella
The site contains Isabella sights - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see Isabella, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Isabella.
Hispaniola is also known as Hood. Hispaniola Island was named after Spain. The area of the island is about 60 square kilometers, and the maximum height is 206 meters above sea level.
The age of the island is estimated at 3 and a half million years. This is the oldest and most southern island of the entire archipelago. From a geographical point of view, it is the most classic example of a thyroid volcano, which was formed by the only caldera in the center of the island. Over time, the island shifted from the hot spot, then the volcano went out, and erosion began.
The remoteness of the island from the main group of islands contributed to the development of a large number of endemic inhabitants, which are adapted exclusively to local natural resources.
The Galapagos Albatross is a rare species of bird. The steep and inaccessible cliffs of the island are great for taking off these large birds. Hood Mockingbird - fearless bronze birds, are also endemic to the island.
In addition, guests of the island can meet here brightly colored marine iguanas, gulls, lizards, gannetwhales and finches. And large spacious bays attract a large number of sea lions.
Isabella Island (Isla Isabella). was named after the Queen of Spain. It is the largest island of the Galapagos Islands. The discoverer of the island was Christopher Columbus.
The area of the island is about 4640 square kilometers, length is 100 kilometers, and its shape resembles the shape of a sea horse. At the moment, there are five young active volcanoes on the island, of which two are on the Equator.
The island is very rich in its flora and fauna. This is an amazingly beautiful place! Here live marine iguanas, penguins, crabs, pelicans, Galapagos turtles, gannets and other inhabitants. From the island you can watch the Galapagos whales, of which there are 16 species.
The local population of the island is only about 2200 people. This territory is the country's most important reserve, because it is here that more than 60 percent of the flora and fauna species are concentrated.
And what sights of Isabella did you like? Next to the photo area there are icons, by clicking on which you can evaluate this or that place.
Floreana is an island in the Galapagos Islands in the Pacific Ocean. The island is also known as Santa Maria or Charles Island. It is the sixth largest island of the Galapagos Archipelago. Its area is about 173 square kilometers.
Floreana Island was named after the first president of Ecuador - Juan Jose Flores, under whose rule the Galapagos Islands came under the jurisdiction of Ecuador. And before that, the island was called Santa Maria in honor of one caravel of Christopher Columbus.
The main attraction of the island is the unusually beautiful pink flamingos that have chosen the lagoon at Cape Punta Cormorant. Here you can find a beach where large sea turtles lay their eggs.
At Cape Punta Cormorant, tourists will find black sandy shores that, thanks to the interspersed peridot mineral, flicker with green crystals. These inclusions indicate strong volcanic eruptions.
In photo mode, you can view Isabella sights only from photographs.
Cape Cormorant (Punta Cormorant) is famous for one of the largest and most beautiful lagoons with pink flamingos in the Galapagos Islands. You can get to the coast of Cape Cormorant only by water. The cape is named after the American military ship.
On Cape Cormorant, you can see black sandy beaches interspersed with peridot mineral. This mineral flickers very beautifully with green olive crystals, which indicate a strong volcanic eruption.
Near the coast there is a large lagoon, which is home to the largest flamingos with thin legs that sift sand for days on end with their graceful curved beaks to find shrimp. Flamingos got their delicate pink color thanks to shrimps - their main and favorite product. Young flamingos have whitish feathers and turn pink with age. Cape Cormorant is a favorite place for flamingos that come here to breed.
The Galapagos Islands are an archipelago in the Pacific Ocean, 972 kilometers from Ecuador. The largest island is Isabela, named after Queen Isabela, who financed Columbus' trips. La Bocanilla is a picturesque volcano on the island of Isabela.
The area of Isabela Island is 4640 km & # 178, its length is 100 km, the next largest island of the Galapagos archipelago - Santa Cruz - is four times smaller. Isabela Island is of volcanic origin, and in fact consists of 6 volcanoes, from the lava of which the earth's surface was formed with a unique flora and fauna. The highest volcano on the island is Wolfe (1707 m above sea level), the largest is Sierra Negra, its crater is 10 km in diameter.
Being on Isabel, in no case you can not miss the picturesque corner of La Bocanilla, near the volcano Chico.
Isabela Island is the largest island of the Galapagos Archipelago. It is formed by 6 volcanoes, whose lava served as the basis for the surface of the island. One of the most picturesque volcanoes is the active volcano Chico.
On the island of Isabela is the highest volcano of the Galapagoss - Volcano Volf (its height is 1707 km above sea level). Here you can also see the world's second largest crater of the Sierra Negra volcano, its diameter is 10 km. But the most unusual and picturesque in the general opinion is Chico volcano (translated as "Small").
On the way to the crater of the Chico volcano, one can observe entire lava rivers, lava tunnels that arose after the 2005 eruption. In those places where the remains of the old lava are visible, cacti sprouted in some places, but where fresh lava has recently passed, there is nothing alive. It feels like you're somewhere on the moon, so it does not look like the usual terrestrial landscapes.
From the top of Chico volcano, a wonderful panoramic view of the northern part of Isabela Island opens.
Isabela Island (Isabela) - the largest of the Galapagos Islands. Like most of the islands in this region, Isabela has unique flora and fauna. From December to May, red flamingos nest here, which is what the Galapagos flamingo is called.
Red flamingo (Phoenicopterus ruber) settles on a lava plateau near salt lakes. The shore of such lakes is covered with minerals such as salt, caustic soda, hydrogen sulfide and gypsum. It is here that birds discover everything they need for food: silt rich in organic matter, worms and crustaceans.
On the island of Isabela there is a salt lake Balthazar, on which you can observe colonies of these beautiful birds. On Isabel, several platforms are equipped from which you can watch flamingos. However, despite the fact that these birds communicate with each other actively, they do not like strangers, and therefore left the sites where they could see uninvited guests.
Gardner Bay is located in the northeastern part of Hispaniola Island and welcomes its guests with a delightful, long, white sandy beach where sea turtles come ashore, sea lion colonies lazily and imposingly bask in the sun, and curious mockingbirds scurry about. The beach is considered a free zone, which tourists can freely explore.
Gardner's Bay is a fantastic place for snorkelling. This is a unique chance to swim with sea lions. A little closer to the Turtle Rock and the Gardner Islands, large colonies of colored tropical fish come across, for example, the yellow-tailed surgeon fish, parrot fish, and the royal angel fish. A manta ray slides along the waters and beautiful white-sharks doze at the bottom.
Bay Post Office
One of the most interesting attractions of the Galapagos Islands is the Post Office Bay. It is located on the island of Floreana.
The bay is famous for its lava tunnels, cotton of Darwin, salty bushes, Jerusalem spike, mesquite, seabirds and sea lions.
Post Office Bay translates to Post Office. This is a wooden postal barrel, improvised mail. In the past, this mailbox was used by various whalers to keep in touch with their families. Leaving letters in the mail barrel, other sailors who were returning home took them with them and handed them as intended.
Today, tourists have adopted the tradition and leave postcards and notes in a barrel, which will be later picked up by other tourists.
At Post Office Bay, just a few hundred meters behind the mail barrel, there is a large lava pipe. The pipes were created by nature when the outer side of the lava solidified and hardened earlier, while the hot inner part continued its flow, leaving empty tunnels behind it.
Cape Suarez is perhaps the best place on the island of Hispaniola. Here, tourists can watch blue-footed boobies and many colorful Galapagos iguanas that bask in the sun.
Visitors to the island will learn a lot about the lava terrain when they cross the frozen lava fields. This is one of the best places for bird watching, here you can see the largest colony of wavy albatrosses in the world - a very rare bird species. At Cape Suarez, wildlife can be observed with a wide variety of local fauna.
Rocks "Crown of the Devil"
Near the island of Floreana (Galapagos Islands) is one of the most interesting places for divers, called the “Corona del Diablo”, which is part of a flooded volcano.
The Devil's Crown is a semicircle formed by rocks that protrudes from under the water. Here diving enthusiasts will be able to appreciate this amazing place with bright and unusual marine inhabitants. In the area of the “Devil's Crown” there are coral formations and an underwater volcanic cone.
In shallow water, you can see different types of colorful tropical fish and starfish. Thrill seekers will be able to go diving outside the area of the crater, where there is an option to be near sharks, rays and other predatory fish, and even swim with them in the depths of the ocean.
However, it is necessary to know here that this place is dangerous by strong undercurrents, so you need to be very careful!
Elizabeth Bay is located off Isabella Island near Cape Punta Moreno. It offers incredibly beautiful views of the volcanoes of Sierra Negra, Cerro Asul and Alcedo.
It is very pleasant to take a boat trip through the red mangroves and look at sea turtles, flightless cormorants, stingrays, sea lions located on land and circling Galapagos buzzards in the sky. The largest colonies of Galapagos penguins are located on a small secluded island at the entrance to Elizabeth Bay.
Scuba diving enthusiasts will be able to admire the flocks of stromata and goldfish in the coastal depths.
The most popular Isabella sights with descriptions and photos for every taste. Choose the best places to visit the famous places of Isabella on our website.
But what about turtles?
The island is regularly visited by the famous giant Galapagos turtles, but there are those that live directly in this area and spend all their time in the mud of the crater of volcanoes. By the way, there are five of them at Isabella. And two of them are just at the equator. In the water area, you can watch the marine giants - the Galapagos whales, which often emerge from the water and delight observers with their affability. Here you can see quite ordinary animals, but with unusual additions. For example, iguanas swim excellently and spend a lot of time in water, and cormorants do not know how to fly.Penguins walk slowly along the shore, and in the settlements you can find sea lions, which roam everywhere on the island like stray dogs. Underwater residents are also striking in their diversity. Sharks, surgeon fish, marble lips, giant manti and, of course, seahorses swim in coastal reef formations.
The island received its name in honor of the Queen of Spain, and gave it to the discoverer of this land - Christopher Columbus, who, in search of India, came across these shores. History also indicates the date - 1836, when Captain Abel-Aubert Dupti-Tuar arrived here. It is believed that he discovered Isabella for the second time. For a long time the territory was sparsely populated, but today there are several small and one large city by local standards - Puerto Villamil. It was founded in 1897 by Antonio Gil. Then the population barely numbered 1000 people, but already in the 21st century it rose sharply to almost 30 thousand. The settlement is not part of the national reserve, which announced the rest of Isabella. Locals live modestly enough, there is no particular luxury on the island, but everywhere there is untouched exotic nature, which UNESCO recognized as a biosphere ecologically clean zone, and which makes up 60% of the entire flora and fauna of the archipelago.
The most amazing places that can not be forgotten!
The main thing that every tourist who came to the island wants to see is volcanoes. The largest of them is the Sierra Negra. His last eruption was in 2005. Tourists climb here both on a hiking trail and on horseback. You can see many lava rivers and lakes and even a lava waterfall. Frozen, it is often collected and used for cooking, heating and even construction. Small fragments are transformed into beautiful jewelry. At the end of the path along the ascent to the volcano, you can see its crater, which has parameters 7.2 x 9.3 km and a depth of 100 m. This is the second largest such formation in the world. Another famous volcano of the island is the Wolf, reaching a height of 1707 m. A walk to its peak usually takes up to 5 hours. It is not as active as the Sierra Negra, but several eruptions have been recorded in the history of its existence. Among other unique entities:
1. Wall of Tears. This is a special place that combines natural and historical charms. The fact is that the island used to have a colony of criminals who, as a punishment, were forced to build a huge wall of lava blocks. The height of the structure is 7 m, and the length is 100 m.
2. Concha la Perla. This is a bay behind a stone reef with perfectly clear water. But the main feature of this place is that only here you can swim in the company of sea lions. These creatures are completely not afraid of the presence of people and can swim in close proximity to them. A wooden bridge leads here on the sides of which iguanas are constantly sleeping.
3. Santo Thomas. Gigantic coffee plantations are located here, employing about 1,000 people.
4. Center for breeding turtles. In this place, giant reptiles have been helping to come into the world, and some of them are more than 100 years old. Unfortunately, there are species that could not be protected from complete extinction. Lone George became especially famous - a tortoise of a special kind, which scientists used to bring the best females to the last to get offspring. But he rejected all brides and as a result went into another world without prolonging his family. Today, an aviary resembles it, in which other tortillas do not settle. There is a small memorial tablet that describes the story of George.
Isabella is an ideal place for those who appreciate nature in its original form in which it was originally created. The islanders very carefully and with awe relate to their small homeland, so they managed to maintain that special spirit of virginity and purity, albeit with a “spark” in the form of numerous volcanoes.