corner of Egnatia & Jasonidou, Thessaloniki
He served as the cathedral church of the Monastery of the Virgin Mary of Perivlept, known as the Monastery of Isaac, named after his clerk
corner of Egnatia and Paleon Patron Germanu streets
A small Byzantine temple with an inclined dome, located at the junction of the streets of Egnatius and Paleon Patron German, was built in the middle of the XIV century
corner st. Agias Sofias & Mitropolos
Built in 1891-1914. designed by Ernest Chiller, modified later by architect Xenophon Peonidi
corner st. Dim. Gunari & Mitropolos
The new temple building was built in 1727 on the site of a Byzantine monastery of the 12th century. The temple is a three-nave basilica with gyneconi
corner st. Olympiados & Julianu, Ano Poli, Thessaloniki
According to legend, the name of the temple comes from a hare hunter (lagos), who, during a hunt at the temple spring with holy water, found the icon of Panagia
st. Kallidopoulou 2, next to the new promenade of Thessaloniki
The Golden-domed Church in honor of two Equal-to-the-Apostles Brothers from Soluni came into force in 1985.
st. Egnatias 148, center of Thessaloniki
Former metoh monastery of St. Anastasia of the Halkidiki Peninsula (XVI century), completely renovated in 1841
Thessaloniki can rightfully be proud of one of the largest cathedrals in Greece, the Cathedral of St. Demetrius (Agios Dimitrios) bearing the name of the patron saint of the city
In the center of the city is the church of Hagia Sophia (Agia Sophia), built in the VIII century. It is easy to recognize, as it looks like Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
Emperor Guy Galerius Valery Maximian, who chose Thessaloniki as the capital of his kingdom, built a triumphal arch (305 AD)
Famous sights of Thessaloniki: detailed reviews, beautiful photos, a map with pointers will help you find the sights.
The second most important city in Greece - Thessaloniki is filled with unique cultural and historical monuments that are known throughout the world.
Walking slowly, you can admire the Arc de Triomphe and the Rotunda, see the Roman Forum and Panagia Chalkeon, take photographs on the Fortress walls and next to Thessaloniki's main symbol - the White Tower.
The connoisseurs of history and folk art will not be indifferent to the museum of modern art, the archaeological museum, the museum of Byzantine culture and the technological museum. Every year there are film festivals and a huge number of exhibitions. This is just a small list of amazing sources of inspiration for a creative person.
Do you want to plunge into the wonderful world of Byzantine culture, feel the breath of past centuries? Thessaloniki gives you a wonderful chance. It preserved ancient Christian monasteries and temples with its rich history and traditions.
The Basilica of St. Demetrius will delight you with amazing ancient mosaics of the 7th-8th centuries and ancient frescoes. There is ample evidence that a visit to the Basilica heals people from all sorts of diseases.
A bit about the city
According to legend, the city of Thessaloniki was founded by the Macedonian king Kassander in 315 BC, and he received his beautiful name in honor of his wife - Thessaloniki. For more than two thousand years of history, the city was ruled by the Romans, was part of the Byzantine Empire, was even the capital of a separate state - the Thessaloniki kingdom, spent more than 500 years as part of the Ottoman Empire.
Only in 1912-1923. the Greeks managed to regain independence. Today, Thessaloniki is one of the largest ports in the Balkans, the second largest and most economically important city in Greece, a cultural and youth capital and a famous tourist center.
Due to the predominance of white in the architecture of buildings, the city from the air or from the sea looks almost completely snow-white, therefore it is also called the “Bride of Thermaikos” (Thermaikos Gulf of the Aegean Sea, on the banks of which Thessaloniki is located). Thessaloniki also has a reputation of tourists with a city that does not sleep - many bars, cafes, nightclubs, discos are open and operate at night so that fans of club holidays will be satisfied. However, on the outskirts of the city and in the suburbs you can fully relax and those who like silence and solitude.
Perhaps the most famous attraction and one of the symbols of the city.
According to legend, in those days when the prison was located in the tower (1820s), one of the prisoners argued with the jailers for release, which would be able to whitewash the tower alone in a short time. The daredevil succeeded and he was released, and the name “Belaya” was assigned to the tower.
Nowadays, its color is not white, but rather light beige with tan marks, it has 6 floors, and at the top a Greek flag flies, mounted on the mast of the ship, which participated in the liberation battles with the Turks under the command of Admiral Nikolaos Votsis.
Inside the building is an interactive museum dedicated to the history of the city. Particular attention is paid to traditional crafts, the device and life of the Byzantine dwelling, jewelry and cosmetics, as well as the travels of the inhabitants of the city to all corners of the world. At the top is an observation deck overlooking the city and the Thermaikos Bay.
- Address: End Nikis Av, GR 54621, Thessaloniki, Macedonia, Greece
- Opening hours: November - March - 9.00-16.00, ticket price 4 euros.
- April - October: 8.00 - 20.00, ticket price is 8 euros.
- Every day, except holidays - December 25-26, January 1, March 25, Easter Sunday, May 1.
The main square of the city, which rises from the embankment of the Thermaikos Bay up into the city, to the eponymous avenue leading through the park to the ancient Roman forum. The square was designed by the French architect Ebrar in 1917. Beautiful buildings in the neoclassical style surround it around the perimeter, and at the intersection with Tsimiski Street there are huge floral clocks - as usual, a favorite place for tourists to take photos.
Entrance to the square is free at any time of the day or night, especially since there are many cafes, shops, bookstores and other interesting institutions.
The promenade along Themaikos Bay
Thessaloniki Embankment is the number one attraction on the list of any tourist, especially for those who prefer to slowly explore the city on their own, without excursion fuss.
Five kilometers along the edge of the sea, to the incredibility of the blue and the beautiful. A leisurely walk will remind you of sea voyages, which, by the way, can be done right there.
Small boats sailing along the promenade, the entrance to which is free, but a drink is required: from 2.5 euros for water and from 4.5 for coffee. The duration of a walk along the promenade by boat is 30 minutes. A great option for a boat trip with young children - they will like a real “schooner”!
Another popular place for photos, right on the waterfront. Opened umbrellas are hanging on the long, “flagpoles” that go up to the sky, as if floating in the air. A very romantic and tender composition, established in 1997 in honor of the victory of the city in the competition “European Capital of Culture”. In the evenings, umbrellas are beautifully illuminated in lilac-pink tones.
Just a few blocks from Aristotle Square is the central Modiano Market - an abundance of fruits, vegetables, fresh fish, honey, cheese and spices, seasoned with a local colorful reprimand, market noise and bustle. The best place to choose souvenirs from Greece for family and friends.
In addition to grocery products, on the market you can find handmade soaps, fabrics and scarves, medical cosmetics, Greek souvenirs, etc. In addition, you can sit in one of the small cafes and try dishes from products bought right there.
Basilica of St. Demetrius
The Early Christian Temple, built in 634 A.D. at the site of the execution of the holy martyr Demetrius of Solunsky. Over its centuries-old history, the basilica burned in fires, was destroyed several times, restored, rebuilt into a mosque, and finally was returned to the Greeks in 1912.
Currently, the church is operating, Christian services are being held, the relics of St. Demetrius of Solunsky and some other saints are resting in it, the remains of ancient frescoes and mosaics of the 7th-8th centuries have been preserved.
- Address: Agiou Dimitriou, 92-96.
- Admission is free, at will, you can leave a donation for the needs of the temple.
- Hours: Tue-Sat - 8.00-20.00, Mon - 12.30-19.00, Sun 10.30 - 20.00.
Arch and rotunda gallery
For the Roman Emperor Maximilian Galerius, who ruled in the 3rd-4th centuries, a grandiose burial complex was erected. To this day, a part of the wall with bas-reliefs and two arches and a round tower - the rotunda, in which from the 5th c. n e. the church was located George, and currently a museum of Christian art is open, and services are performed only on holidays.
On the walls and dome of the rotunda, many fragments of ancient frescoes have been preserved.
- Address: Pl. Agiou Georgiou Rotonta, 7, Thessaloníki, 546 35, Greece
- Free admission.
- Opening hours: daily 8.30-15.00.
Church of St. Panteleimon
Another temple in the central part of the city, near the arch of Galeria, a monument of Byzantine and early Christian art.
Built in the XIII century., During the reign of Turkish rule, of course, was transformed into a mosque. Despite the fact that part of the building was destroyed, it was possible to preserve and restore the unique mural inside.
- Address: Ekklisia Agios Panteleimonas Thessaloniki 543 51 Greece. (at the intersection of Egnatia St. and Yasonidu).
- Free admission.
Roman Forum (Ancient Agora)
Located within walking distance from Aristotle Square. From 2nd to 5th in AD e. was the administrative center of the city with many buildings, a mint, an archive, public baths and craft workshops. Currently, the Odeum Theater and part of the walls have been preserved.
Entrance to the forum is free every day, except Monday from 8.30 to 15.00.
If you stay in Thessaloniki for several days, you can completely devote one of the cultural and educational leisure and visiting museums:
Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
Known as one of the most interesting museums in Greece. Ten halls dedicated to archaeological finds from the Iron Age to the late Roman period of the city’s history. Especially famous for the finds from the tomb of the Macedonian king Philip II, including the whole golden coffin in which he was buried. One of the most famous exhibits is also the golden head of the gorgon of Medusa.
Many samples of pottery have been preserved, from the simplest to richly painted, as well as unique wall and floor mosaics and jewelry stunningly fine for that time.
The description of the majority of the museum’s exhibits is made digitally on interactive whiteboards.
- Address: Thessaloniki, 6 Manolis Andronikos St., GR 54621.
- Ticket price: 8 euros for an adult, 4 euros for children.
- Opening hours: Mon - Sat - 8.00-20.00.
Science Center and Museum of Technology
The largest museum of a similar profile in Greece and, perhaps, the most interesting! A modern building resembling a spaceship with diverse interactive exhibits: ancient Greek technology, an industrial park, a collection of classic cars. Many devices can be controlled independently.
You can spend all day with children in this museum! Moreover, there is a cosmo theater, a digital planetarium and a virtual reality stimulator, where unusually beautiful films about space are shown, including in English.
- Address: 2nd Road, Building 47, Industrial Zone of Thessaloniki, Sindos, GR 57022, Thessaloniki Prefecture
- Opening hours: Mon-Fri 9.00-16.00, Sat 10-14.00.
- Tickets: adults - 5 euros, children - 4 euros, children under 5 years old are free.
Modern Art Museum
The main expositions are dedicated to the collections of the Russian avant-garde collected by the Greek collector Georgy Kostaki (including works by Kazimir Malevich and Vasily Kandinsky), the works of contemporary Greek artists are also exhibited.
- Ticket price: 3 euros, pupils and students - 1.5 euros.
- Opening hours: Tue-Sun - 10.00-18.00.
You can get to that very legendary mountain from Thessaloniki in 2-3 hours by train or bus. You need to get to the town of Litochoro, located almost at the very foot of the mountain.
The fare is 7-9 euros.
From the railway station to Litochoro, walk about 5 km, the bus goes to the town itself. From Litochoro to the foot of another 17 km, which can be overcome on foot as tracking, or you can take a taxi for about 25 euros.
Stefani's Peak from afar resembles the throne of Zeus and you can’t get there, just like hundreds of years ago, however, now not because of celestials, but because of the location of the British military radar. You can climb the other peaks on your own if you have the appropriate physical and tourist training. There are several shelters along the way for tourists to relax.
From January to March, ski resorts operate on Olympus.
Agia Triada Beach
One of the most picturesque in the vicinity of Thessaloniki. Located 22 km from the city.
- You can get on buses No. 71, 71A, 72, 72A, 76 in 30 minutes.
- The fare is 1 euro, buses run from 5am to 11pm.
The beach is sandy, the water is clear, on sunny days (and they are almost always sunny!) Of a light blue hue.
By the way, you can get to the beach by water! Boats from the port of Thessaloniki for only 3 euros. A boat trip will take a little more than an hour.
One-and-a-half storm waves, an artificial mountain river with waterfalls, many diverse water slides, slides with jumps, comfortable sun loungers for relaxation - here everyone will find entertainment to their taste. For the smallest - special pools, mini-slides and inflatable vests.
There is also a mini zoo on site.
- Address: Thessaloniki, 5th Road - Tagarades.
- Ticket price: 13.5 euros - for adults, 10 euros - for children from 4 to 14 years.
- Children under 4 years old - free of charge.
- Opening hours: year-round! from 1.09 to 15.06 - 10:00 - 18:00, from 16.06 to 15.07 - 10:00 - 19:00, from 16. 07 to 15.08 - 10:00 - 20:00, from 16. 08 - 31. 08 - from 10:00 to 19:00.
What to see with children?
If you arrived just for one day, then the ideal option is a walk along the promenade with a boat ride and a photo shoot at the installation of "Umbrellas." You can have time to visit the White Tower and go to the local market, which sells a lot of fruits and souvenirs.
If you rest in Thessaloniki for a few days, be sure to bring the children to the technology museum. It will be an unforgettable experience! And from recreational activities, the Waterland water park and a boat trip to one of the beaches in the vicinity are most suitable.
- Natalia, Orenburg
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- Milan, Moscow
If you are only in transit in Thessaloniki, you may not like the city briefly because of the fuss and confusion, for example, in the port area or the airport, but Thessaloniki is a pearl that is worth a closer look.
1. The White Tower
Presumably, the structure was erected in the X century, as evidenced by the preserved inscription on one of the walls. For centuries, the tower was part of the fortress fence, which separated residential areas from the cemetery. It reaches a height of 27 meters, the diameter of the wall ring is 23 meters. In 1912, the building was painted white and got a modern name. Today, the museum is located on the territory of the tower.
2. City embankment
The place where all Thessaloniki travel routes begin. The street is located on the site of demolished city walls in the 19th century. It stretched from the White Tower to the port. The embankment runs along the very edge of the water. There are lively avenues and hotels on the beach. For tourists, bicycle paths and pedestrian alleys are equipped, as well as cozy green squares where you can relax from the midday heat.
4. Monument to Alexander the Great
The monument is located on the city promenade in the immediate vicinity of the White Tower.The inhabitants of Thessaloniki have a special relationship with the personality of Alexander the Great. It was during his reign that the city reached its maximum prosperity. The figure of the king sits on a rearing horse. On a wide pedestal behind the statue of Macedon, spears with shields, on which symbolic images are applied, are strengthened.
5. Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki
The museum was opened in 1962 in a building erected by the design of P. Quarantinos. The exposition covers a wide period of the history of the Macedonia region in general and the city in particular. More artifacts were found as a result of excavations. The Archaeological Museum of Thessaloniki is considered one of the best in Greece. Many valuable artifacts of several hundred years, they are of great value to the story.
6. Thessaloniki War Museum
The museum has been operating since 2000. The exhibition is located in a building from the beginning of the 20th century, it is considered part of the collection of the Athens War Museum. It contains artifacts and documents related to various events that took place in the history of Greece: the Balkan Wars, the Greek-Italian War, the Greek Revolution, the First and Second World Wars. There is a library at the museum where publications of the Greek Defense Ministry are stored.
7. Museum of Byzantine culture
The museum was established in 1994 under the leadership of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism of Greece. The exposition, as the name implies, is dedicated to the history of the culture of the Byzantine Empire. The collection is located in several thematic rooms. The decision to establish the museum was made in 1913. During World War I, all artifacts were taken to Athens for security purposes. The meeting returned to its place only a few decades later.
8. Museum of the struggle for Macedonia
The museum's collection is dedicated to aspects of the armed conflict of 1904–1908. and its consequences (the struggle of Greece for the region of Macedonia). It is located in a 19th-century building erected in a neoclassical style designed by E. Ziller. Among the exhibits are weapons, personal belongings of the leaders of the struggle, books, newspapers, valuable archival documents. The museum provides group excursions and training lectures.
9. Ataturk House Museum
The famous Turkish leader Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born in Thessaloniki in 1881, when the city was part of the Ottoman Empire. The house where he spent his childhood and youth was turned into a museum in the middle of the 20th century. It was here that the reformer discussed ideas about a free democratic state with his associates. The whole furnishings, furniture, documents, personal belongings of Ataturk, located in the building, are genuine.
11. Jewish Museum
The exposition opened in 2000 on the territory of the neoclassical building of 1904, which previously housed the Bank of Attica. The building miraculously survived during the devastating fire that swept the city in 1917. The collection is dedicated to the everyday and cultural aspects of the life of the Jewish community of Thessaloniki. The impressive part of the collection tells about the events of the Holocaust that swept Europe in the 1930s and 40s.
13. Hagia Sophia
The Orthodox Church is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is believed that the first basilica on this site appeared in the V century. In the VIII century, a building was erected, which has survived to this day. In the XI century, the temple was rebuilt and significantly expanded, from the XV to XX centuries. It was used as a mosque. After Thessaloniki Greece returned following the First Balkan War, the church was again transferred to the Christian community.
14. Monastery of Vlatadon
Orthodox male monastery, founded in the XIV century with the active assistance of the Byzantine Empress Anna Paleolog, who at that time settled in Thessaloniki. The main cathedral of the monastery is a magnificent architectural monument of the Byzantine era, which has survived several centuries and is in excellent condition. The remaining buildings belong to later periods.
15. Latomu Monastery
The cloister is located in the central part of Thessaloniki. It was founded in the V-VI centuries, but ancient buildings did not survive to this day. Like many other Christian monasteries and churches, the main temple of Latom was turned into a mosque under the Ottoman Turks and existed in this capacity until the beginning of the 20th century. During restoration work under the layer of plaster were discovered murals of the XII century.
16. Church of St. Nicholas Orfanos
The main cathedral of the monastery of Vlatadon, dedicated to St. Nicholas the Wonderworker (Orfanos). The foundation of the temple dates back to the beginning of the 14th century. The internal mural of the church is well preserved due to the fact that the walls were covered with plaster (the temple was used as a mosque until the XVII century). The building is a UNESCO World Heritage Site as a valuable monument of early Christian architecture.
17. Church of St. Panteleimon
The 13th century Byzantine temple, which is located in the center of Thessaloniki. From all sides it is surrounded by modern quarters. Despite the fact that the church is included in the UNESCO register, it has not been completely restored. In some places, the building has a rather neglected appearance, but this does not detract from its architectural value. The interior was lost, only a few original frescoes have been preserved.
18. Church of Panagia Chalkeon
The picturesque cross-domed church of the early Christian period, erected in the XI century. The church building is built of red brick. After the transition of Thessaloniki back to Greece in 1912, the temple was abandoned until the 1930s. During the restoration work, the church of Panagia Chalkeon acquired its original form. Unfortunately, the internal painting of the walls was not very well preserved.
19. Arch Gallery
An architectural monument of the Roman era, which is part of the burial complex of Emperor Maximilian Galerius, who ruled in the III-IV centuries. In the V century, the building was converted into a church; from the XIV century, a mosque was located here. Only a part of a stone wall with bas-reliefs and two arched passages has survived to our days. Arch Gallery is one of Thessaloniki's most significant architectural monuments.
20. Rotunda Gallery
The construction of the beginning of the III century, allegedly built in honor of the pagan god Zeus. According to another version - this is a memorial complex of Emperor Maximilian Galerius. In the 4th century, the building was converted into a church; in the 16th century, the mosque of Sheikh S.H. Efendi was made of it. In the period 1912-1978. an exhibition of Byzantine and early Christian sculpture was located on the territory of the rotunda.
21. Greek agora and the Roman Forum
The ancient Roman forum was discovered in the 1960s. as a result of excavations of the central part of Thessaloniki. Earlier, the Greek agora was located here - a wide area surrounded by temples, public buildings and craft workshops. The theater was preserved from ancient buildings, which, after restoration, began to be used for concerts, as in the days of Ancient Greece and Rome.
22. Fortress of Eptapirgio
The northern part of the fortress was built in the 4th century under Emperor Theodosius I (according to the alternative version, in the 9th century), the southern one appeared much later - in the 12th century. Until the XIX century, the fort was used for military purposes, then a prison was located on its territory. Since the late 1980s the building was transferred to the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. In 1995, the first phase of the archaeological site was completed.
23. OTE TV Tower
The TV tower was erected in 1966 and reconstructed in 2005. The construction reaches a height of 76 meters. Inside, on a rotating platform, there is a panoramic restaurant that makes a complete revolution around its axis in 40 minutes. The TV tower also has an observation deck from where you can admire Thessaloniki. The interior of the building is used for various official events.
Thessaloniki City (Greece)
Thessaloniki (Thessaloniki) is the second most populated city in Greece, located in the north of the country in the historical region of Central Macedonia. It is the administrative center of the decentralized administration of Macedonia - Thrace and a major seaport. Thessaloniki is a beautiful city with a pleasant cosmopolitan atmosphere, where you can find many ancient monuments, admire the ancient Byzantine churches listed as UNESCO World Heritage Sites, sit in cozy cafes and enjoy traditional Greek cuisine.
Thessaloniki is considered the cultural capital of Greece. The city is famous for its vibrant and eventful cultural life. Also here is the largest university in the Balkans, which attracts a lot of young people. Thessaloniki is a city with an ancient and rich history. The appearance of the old city was formed by the ancient Greeks, Romans, Byzantines and Ottomans. Therefore, here you can see both the ancient monuments of the ancient period, and much more modern buildings.
Geography and climate
Thessaloniki is located on the northern outskirts of Thermaikos Gulf (Aegean Sea) and is bounded by the Hortiatis Mountains in the southeast. The climate is subtropical. Summer is fairly hot and dry with average temperatures of 25 - 27 ° C. Winters are cool with rare freezing temperatures. The water temperature in the sea from July to September is 24 - 26 ° C. You can swim from May to October.
- The population is more than 300 thousand people (agglomeration - more than 1 million people).
- Area - 19.31 km².
- Currency is Euro.
- The visa is Schengen.
- The language is Greek.
- Time - UTC +2, in the summer +3.
- Thessaloniki is famous for its shopping streets. The main ones are Tsimiski and Proxenou Koromila.
- The cuisine of Thessaloniki has an oriental character and is distinguished by a large number of spices. The Greeks consider the city one of the gastronomic capitals. This all applies to local delicacies and inexpensive traditional dishes, rather than haute cuisine.
- Thessaloniki is a youth city. Therefore, street food is very common here: souvlaki, gyros, crepes, roasted chestnuts. Young people often favor Goody's fast food chains.
- Popular areas with many cafes and restaurants: Ladadika, Athonos, Ano Poli.
Thessaloniki was founded in 315 BC Macedonian king Cassander. He named the city in honor of his wife Thessaloniki, who was the sister of Alexander of Macedon. In 146 BC Thessaloniki was captured by the Romans. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, the city became part of Byzantium. Thessaloniki was at the intersection of important trade routes from Constantinople to Rome and from Athens to the Black Sea. This provided the city with rapid growth and wealth.
In the 6-8 centuries, Thessaloniki several times tried to take the Goths and the Slavs. In 904, the city was captured and plundered by Saracen pirates. Most residents were sold into slavery. At the end of the 10th century, Thessaloniki was captured by the Bulgarians, and at the end of the 12th century - by the Normans. In 1204, the city became the capital of the Thessaloniki kingdom. However, already in 1246, this state was subordinated to the Nicene Empire. In 1387, the city was captured by the Turks. The Ottomans ruled Thessaloniki until 1402, when after their defeat in the war with Tamerlane, the city returned to Byzantium.
Old Byzantine walls
In 1430, the Ottoman Empire regained control of the city. During the Ottoman rule, Thessaloniki has become one of the largest cities in Greece. At the same time, ethnic and religious composition has changed dramatically. The Greek nobility assimilated with the Turks, adopted the Turkish language and converted to Islam. More than half of the population belonged to Spanish Jews. The main language in the city became Ladino. The Greeks made up only 1/5 of the city’s inhabitants. Most of them died during the military conflicts of the Middle Ages. There were also many Turks in the city. Here, for example, the famous Mustafa Kemal Atatürk was born.
The Greeks regained control of Thessaloniki in 1912. During World War II, the city was occupied by German troops. As a result of the outflow of the Turkish population and the genocide of Jews staged by the Nazis, Thessaloniki became completely Greek.
How to get there
Thessaloniki Airport is located 15 km southeast of the city center and is connected with the following national and international destinations: Athens, Heraklion, Corfu, Santorini, Rhodes, Berlin, Dusseldorf, Frankfurt, Hamburg, Munich, Zurich, Vienna, Basel, London, Stockholm, Oslo, Paris, Milan, Rome, Bergamo, Prague, Budapest, Warsaw, Moscow, St. Petersburg, Krasnodar, Minsk, Bucharest, Yerevan. From the airport to the city you can get on the 24-hour 01X / 01N buses.
Trains and buses connect Thessaloniki with Athens, Sofia and Belgrade. Cars are easily accessible from Athens, Istanbul, Belgrade, Tirana, Sofia.