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Bishop's Palace and Basilica

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The bishop’s palace and basilica of the town of Side are considered one of the country's most fascinating and recognizable sights. This catchy example of Byzantine culture is located near the eastern gate of the town, at the intersection of 2 streets - the column street, starting from the Main Gate, and the street from the eastern gate of the town of Side. Doors in the building are located on the east side.

The bishop's basilica is considered the oldest building in Turkey, preserved to this day. The approximate date of the opening of its construction is the sixth century BC. e. Both the palace and the basilica have their own special geometric proportions.

The complex as a whole consists of a large number of rooms. In the center of the basilica is a square-shaped living room, which includes 3 small sections. After the narthex (a closed room between the entrance and the middle of the front wall of the temple), the basilica is divided into 3 naves with 2 well-formed lines of columns. The altar is oriented east. From the inside, it looks round, and from the outside it has the shape of a triangle. In the altar premises there used to be 3-step seats for the ministers of the basilica.

A quadrangular cross-shaped structure is located in the north of the altar, and you can go through it through a rather narrow corridor. The baptismal room has 3 compartments and its walls are decorated with quadrangular and semicircular stone niches. Among the premises is a baptismal marble pool with 3 steps leading to the west. In the southern and northern parts of the baptismal room, 2 semicircular pools were laid out, smaller than the baptismal one. The inner top of the basilica is a set of brick belts.

To the south of the basilica is the bishop's palace, it is built from parallel-placed rooms of various shapes. Between these 2 structures stands a martrion (tomb), where in the western part there is a door to the palace. The corridors, hidden by elegant stone arches, as it was then established, connect the rooms of the palace. The bishop's room has a quadrangular shape and is divided into 3 compartments. The arches of the palace roof vary in size, which is extremely beautiful from the outside. Not far from the palace there is also a small bishop's chapel.

At that time, this entire construction complex was encircled by the highest walls and was buried in a wonderful garden. Its area is approximately 9700 square meters. m. The palace and the basilica were planned and partially built during the time when Side was elected the seat of the episcopal residence, but got its own final look only a few centuries later.

Unfortunately, now the basilica arrives in a dilapidated state, but despite this, the unique architecture of Turkey, skillfully modified by Byzantine motifs, attracts a huge number of admirers of historical cultural features of old Turkey to this complex.

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The bishop's basilica and palace are among the most interesting and famous sights of the country. This striking example of Byzantine architecture is located near the East Gate of the city, at the intersection of two streets - the columned street originating from the Main City Gate, and the street going from the eastern gate of the city of Side. The entrance to the structure is located on the east side.

The bishop’s basilica is rightfully considered one of the oldest structures preserved in Turkey to this day. The approximate date of the beginning of its construction is the 6th century BC. Both the basilica and the palace have their own special geometric proportions.

The complex consists of many rooms. In the center of the basilica is a square living room, which consists of three small compartments. After the narthex (a covered room between the entrance and the middle at the front wall of the temple), the basilica is divided into three naves with two slender rows of columns. The altar is directed east. From the inside, it looks round, and externally it has a triangular shape. In the altar room there were previously three-stage seats for the ministers of the basilica.

The quadrangular baptismal structure is located north of the altar room, you can go to it along a rather narrow corridor. The baptismal room has three compartments, and its walls are decorated with semicircular and quadrangular stone niches. In the middle of the room is a marble baptismal pool, which has three steps leading to the west. In the northern and southern parts of the baptismal room, two semicircular basins were built, inferior to the baptismal in size. The ceiling of the basilica was a collection of brick belts.

To the south of the basilica is the bishop’s palace, it consists of parallel buildings of various shapes. Between these two structures is a martrion (tomb room), in the western part of which is the entrance to the palace. Corridors, covered with elegant stone arches, connect the premises of the palace. The bishop's room has a quadrangular shape and is divided into three parts. The roof arches of the palace differ in size, which looks very nice from the side. Not far from the palace there is also a small bishop's chapel.

Once this whole architectural complex was surrounded by high walls and was located in a beautiful garden. Its area is about 9700 square meters. m. The basilica and the palace were planned and partially built during the period when Side was chosen as the residence of the bishop, but acquired its final form only a few centuries later.

Unfortunately, today the basilica is in a dilapidated state, but despite this, the original Turkish architecture, skillfully complemented by Byzantine motifs, attracts a large number of connoisseurs of historical features of the culture of ancient Turkey to this complex.

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