The Novgorod region is a region of Russia rich in historical sights. Evidence of the past can be found in a number of settlements, but there are especially many of them in Veliky Novgorod, a key city for Russia. Detinets, cathedrals and monasteries are preserved almost unchanged. There are recreated Slavic settlements, for example, in Lubytino.
The abundance of iconic objects also affected tourism, the capital of the region is included in the popular Silver Ring tourist route. Fans of all the unusual will love water tours of the Volkhov River. On its banks there are interesting buildings that can be viewed both from the water and during stops. And natural beauties complement the historical value of the area. Moreover, more and more attention is paid to ecotourism every year.
Otherwise, it is called the Novgorod Kremlin. First mentioned in chronicles in 1044. It stands on an elevation on the left bank of the Magus. The area inside the walls is more than 12 hectares. Of the 12 towers, 9. remained. There is a cathedral, churches, one of which has become a lecture hall. Tourists are also attracted by all kinds of monuments, a belfry, the bishop's yard, a chapel. Included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The Kremlin park surrounds the Detinets with a semicircle on three sides. It began to equip at the beginning of the XIX century, removing bulk fortifications. Area - 25 ha. There are fountains, sculptures, a chess house, tennis courts, cafes and more for leisure and walks.
Saint Sophia Cathedral
Located inside the Novgorod detinets. Built by 1050. Past murals have been preserved fragmentarily. It has three iconostasis, some ancient icons, including “Our Lady of the Sign”, dated to the XII century. The relics of more than a dozen saints are stored here. The Magdeburg Gate is another feature of the cathedral. In the past, they stood at the main entrance, are now moved and open on holidays.
Monument "Millennium of Russia"
It was installed in 1862 inside the Novgorod detinets. The reason is the millennium since the invitation of the Vikings to the Russian throne. It is divided into three tiers, each with its own semantic load and composition. The total number of figures is 129. They were used to show all the events important for the country: the baptism of Russia, the expulsion of the Tatars, the foundation of the empire. The lower part depicts many prominent government and church figures.
The lake is located in two areas: Novgorod and Tver. Area - 26 thousand hectares. The coastline is over 500 km long. It is used for different types of recreation. There are tourist camps. Khachin is the largest among 160 Seliger islands. Nearby is the estate Novye Yelets - a local attraction. In recent years, youth forums have been regularly held here.
Valdai National Park
It was founded in 1990 and covers an area of 158 thousand ha. The creation goals are the preservation of the lake-forest complex and the development of ecotourism. Within the park there are more than 80 archaeological sites. There are also 9 old manors with parks and 22 unique architectural objects. There is a summer children's camp. There are many options for excursions available, both with early booking and with registration already in place.
Museum of wooden architecture in the open. It was founded in 1964 near the St. Yuryev Monastery. Exhibits - wooden buildings for various purposes, ranging from the XVI to the XIX century. Churches, mills, huts and other things were brought here from all over the region to restore and preserve unique objects for posterity. The museum hosts folklore events and festivities.
It appeared in Veliky Novgorod around the X-XI centuries. It is an architectural complex. It consists of numerous buildings: churches, a guest yard, a fragment of shopping arcades, an arcade, etc. They are restored and preserved almost unchanged. The name was obtained in honor of Yaroslav the Wise. In 1992, the attraction was included in the list of World Heritage Sites.
Lord of the chamber
Located on the territory of the Novgorod detinets. Built in the Gothic style in the first half of the 15th century. One of the oldest brick buildings in the country. It was painted with frescoes inside. In Soviet times it turned into a museum. Numerous changes significantly changed the appearance. A large reconstruction already in the modern period returned the ward to its original features. It is one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Built on the outskirts of Veliky Novgorod in the first half of the 11th century. It was founded in honor of the great martyr George. One of the oldest in Russia. The monastery was formerly the spiritual center of the region. After the revolution, the values were taken out. Buildings were actively used for other purposes until the 90s. Cathedrals of the cloister: Spassky, St. George, Holy Cross Exaltation. There is also a bell tower and 2 churches.
Church of the Savior Transfiguration on Ilyin Street
It was founded in 1375 in Veliky Novgorod. For its time, the construction is not typical, since it was distinguished by monumentality. Ancient icons were kept here, but later they were transferred to St. Sophia Cathedral. The main value is the murals created by Theophanes the Greek. The murals of the dome and the drum have been preserved. It is believed that whitewashing may be other works of the master. Restoration work and study are being carried out slowly.
Opened in 2009 in Veliky Novgorod. It is set in honor of the New Hansa international forum. This is an association of countries for the development of tourism and cultural exchange. The fountain is made in the form of a granite circle, which shows the coats of arms of the states included in the community. Water flows from the center onto the stones outside the circle. Around the perimeter is a park area.
Valdai Iversky Monastery
It was founded in 1653 on the island of Valdai Lake. The choice of location for the construction is related to the vision that visited Patriarch Nikon. Since its abolition at the beginning of the 20th century, an artel, a museum, a recreation base, etc. have been organized in the cloisters. By the time the ROC returned in 1991, the buildings were in disrepair. Local relic - Iveron icon is considered miraculous. A comprehensive reconstruction is underway.
Transfiguration Monastery in Staraya Russa
It was founded at the end of the 12th century. It is not a valid Orthodox object. Transformed into a museum in 1973. Before that, it was completely desolate. A number of unique relics of the former monastery are considered lost. The Cathedral of the Transfiguration, the Church of the Meeting with the refectory, the Church of the Nativity of Christ, the Church of the Icon of the Mother of God Starorusskaya and the bell tower in four tiers are preserved from the architectural ensemble of the monastery.
It was founded in the 12th century in Veliky Novgorod. Located on a picturesque site of the left bank of Volkhov. The main temple of the monastery is the Cathedral of the Nativity of the Virgin. The stone cathedral of the monastery is painted with frescoes, partially preserved. From the ancient necropolis there are not so many. The monastery is not operational. It is part of the Novgorod Museum-Reserve. There are also lectures for students of NSU.
The existing female monastery, which is in a state of partial restoration. The monastery was founded at the end of the XII century and was originally male. The reason for its appearance is the desire of the clergy to cleanse the territory from the influence of evil spirits. It was closed and almost destroyed during the USSR. Revived in the 90s. The grave of the poet Derzhavin was returned here. The main relic is the relics of Varlaam Khutynsky.
Dated to the 9th century and belongs to the archaeological sites of Veliky Novgorod. Excavations were carried out on the site of the ancient city. Found birch bark letters, coins of different nations, princely seals, beads and more. There is an assumption that the capital of the state of Rurik was located here. Many princes used the buildings as a residence. Currently in a state of ruin.
It was founded in 1994. Located in the southwest of the area. Area - almost 37 thousand hectares. The largest lake is Peipsi. The reserve's activity is aimed at preserving sphagnum bogs in the southern taiga. Educational and scientific work is also underway. They should make nature management safer for the environment. Considering the climate, its own ecosystem has formed here. There are representatives of the fauna listed in the Red Book.
Located in the village of Vyazhishchi. First mentioned in chronicles in 1411. In 1920, the monastery was closed and the buildings were transferred to the collective farm. Since the monastery was badly damaged during the Second World War, restoration was required. In the late 80s, he began to revive in his former status and transform into a female. In addition to temples, there are many other objects on its territory, including gardens, a necropolis, and ponds.
House-Museum of F. M. Dostoevsky
Opened in Staraya Russa in 1981. It is located in the house where the writer and his family spent the summer seasons. First, they rented rooms here, and then bought the building on the waterfront. The first expositions appeared at the end of the XIX century, but they were modest. The house was nationalized, and then restored after the end of the Second World War. Thanks to the grandson of the writer, the museum again began to work in a different status and with a large collection.
House-Museum of N. A. Nekrasov
Located in Chudovo on the banks of Keresti. It has been working since 1971. A hunting lodge, formerly owned by the writer, was taken under the museum. Inside, the decor of some rooms, including the office, is preserved. The exposition concerns creativity in general, but the emphasis is on the connection between Nekrasov and the region. There is also a small exhibition hall. In 2004, reconstruction was carried out. Nearby is a monument to the writer.
House-Museum of G. I. Uspensky
It was founded in 1935 in the village of Sjabrenica. Here the writer lived with his family for almost two years. It is believed that from here he went on trips to different parts of the country. The only museum in the country dedicated to the Assumption. The exposition tells about the creative path of the writer. Exhibited early editions and personal items. Several rooms were preserved intact: bedroom, dining room, study, kitchen.
Museum-reserve of A.V. Suvorov
Opened since 1942 in the village Konchansko-Suvorov. The museum gradually expanded, as new restored buildings were added. The exposition is dedicated, including the economic activities of the commander, his relations with peasants and relatives. Despite the wealth, Suvorov’s life was relatively modest. The museum sells printed souvenirs made back in Soviet times.
Located almost in the center of Veliky Novgorod. It occupies a building built in 1851, where the Noble Assembly used to sit. The permanent exhibition opened in 2001. The collection began to form long before that: after the revolution, much was removed from the city estates. About 650 exhibits are exhibited on an ongoing basis. There are truly valuable paintings, for example, paintings by Repin and Aivazovsky.
Located in Veliky Novgorod. Built in the second half of the 17th century. Among other things, it is famous for its frescoes covering the inner walls and porch. The cathedral had to be rebuilt several times; it suffered from fires and desolation. It is all the more surprising that the construction was generally preserved. Inscribed on the World Heritage List. Attraction nearby - Church of the Transfiguration of the Savior.
Resurrection Cathedral in Staraya Russa
The time of construction is unknown, but in the XVII century the cathedral was already listed in the inventory. It has three limits. Worked longer than others after the revolution. At the end of the 30s it was transferred to the museum of local lore. In the early 90s, the Russian Orthodox Church was returned and became an active Orthodox object. Then the lost bells were restored. In 2008, a new cross was raised above the dome, and the walls were repainted in red.
Museum of the Northwest Front
It was founded in Staraya Russa in 1975. The first such museum in the country. He talks about the activities of a whole front, based on archival materials, testimonies of participants in the events, the chronicle, and more. The exposition covers 5 main topics: “Demyansky Cauldron”, local battles, rear for the front, occupation, liberation. Exhibits - one and a half thousand, more than half - originals. A T-26 tank is installed near the museum.
Museum of Bells in Valdai
The opening took place in 1995. The building of the church of the Great Martyr Catherine was taken under the museum. This architectural monument was built in the 18th century. The collection has been going for several decades. It was first exhibited in the museum of local lore in 1980. The exposition consists of bells and bells, as well as items related to their production. Tourists are allowed to ring the bells.
Located in Valdai since 1998. It occupies a two-story mansion built in the 19th century and belonged to noblewoman Mikhailova. The building has facilities for permanent exhibitions, funds and for the placement of temporary exhibitions. Exhibits - almost 9 thousand. Tours are divided into subtopics and illuminate the history of the city, the Iversky Monastery, talk about bell production and much more.
Museum "Slavic Village of the X Century"
Created in the village of Lyubytino on the banks of Msta. The museum is a small settlement, built on the example of typical Slavic villages. It has all the necessary buildings for business and life. They are surrounded by a fence. Tourists are not forbidden to look around on their own, try on chain mail and plan tools. During the tour, you can learn more about crafts and fun ancestors.
Resort sanatorium "Staraya Russa"
It has been working since 1828, although there were breaks. The resort appeared here is not accidental. Local high-pressure mineralized water is suitable for the treatment of a number of diseases. In its modern form, it offers an extensive treatment and leisure program. Open spa, cinema, aquacenter, phyto-bar and more. There are programs for individual and family vacations. The list of procedures is agreed with the doctors of the sanatorium.
The Novgorod Kremlin (Detinets) is an outstanding monument of military architecture, one of the most famous fortresses in Russia, a worldwide object. more details
Valdai Iversky Bogoroditsky Holy Lake Monastery - a functioning Orthodox monastery 10 km away. from the city of Valdai. One of. more details
The house-museum of F. M. Dostoevsky is a memorial and literary museum in the city of Staraya Russa, Novgorod Region. The museum exposition is dedicated to the great. more details
Holy Spirits Iakovlev Borovichi Monastery is a functioning Orthodox monastery in the city of Borovichi, Novgorod Region. more details
Museum "Slavic village of the X century" - a museum of wooden architecture in the open air in the village of Lyubytino, Novgorod region. more details
House-Museum of N. A. Nekrasov - a museum in the city of Chudovo, Novgorod Region. Former hunting house of Nekrasov. It is a branch of Novgorod. more details
The regional museum of local lore named after N.N. Miklouho-Maclay is a museum in the city of Okulovka, Novgorod Region. It bears the name of an outstanding Russian. more details
Museum of Folk Wooden Architecture "Vitoslavlitsy" is a unique open-air museum in the city of Veliky Novgorod. The museum has collected samples. more details
The Museum of Bells is a unique museum in the city of Valdai, Novgorod Region. The first museum of its kind in the country. It is a branch. more details
Transfiguration Monastery is a former Orthodox monastery in the city of Staraya Russa, Novgorod Region. Now does not work, is. more details
Museum of Local Lore - Museum of the History of Borovichi, Novgorod Region.One of the oldest museums in the entire region. more details
Church of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the village. Bor is an active Orthodox church within the Lyubytinsky district of the Novgorod region. Monument. more details
The Church of the Kazan Icon of the Mother of God is an active Orthodox church in the city of Chudovo, Novgorod Region. Monument of architecture of the early XX century. more details
The Church of the Holy Right Prince Alexander Nevsky is a functioning Orthodox church in the city of Okulovka, Novgorod Region. Monument. more details
St. Sophia Cathedral is a functioning Orthodox church in the city of Veliky Novgorod on the territory of Novgorod Detinets. The main temple of the city and one of. more details
Holy Trinity Cathedral is the main Orthodox church in the city of Valdai, Novgorod Region. Monument of architecture of the XVIII century. more details
Sanatorium "Staraya Russa" - a popular health resort in the Novgorod region. One of the oldest sanatoriums in Russia. more details
The Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary is the main parish Orthodox church in the city of Borovichi, Novgorod Region. Monument. more details
The hill mounds of the ancient Slavs are a unique monument of archeology in the territory of the village of Lyubytino, Novgorod Region. more details
The house-museum of G. I. Uspensky is a museum in the city of Chudovo, Novgorod Region. The museum exposition is dedicated to the Russian writer Gleb Ivanovich. more details
In the legends of the Scandinavians, Novgorod is found under the name Holmgard, which means "a city that goes under water in floods." Not surprising, because there are many ponds around. One river divides the city into 2 parts. Previously, these halves fought with each other.
According to legend, Perun is involved in enmity, the statue of which the merchants threw into the Volkhov. He swam to the bridge and threw a stick at him with the words: "Here you are, Novgorod, from me as a keepsake." After this, regular battles took place on the bridge.
- Rurikovo settlement. It is believed that the city was originally located here. But, according to archaeological excavations, development became impossible to continue, so a new fortress was laid. It was this event that determined the name of the settlement: a new city - Novgorod.
- Novgorod Detinets - One of the oldest surviving kremlin in our country. He was the first in Russia, built of red brick. It was here that the trend for battlements was laid.
- Saint Sophia Cathedral. The western gate of the temple is originally from Sweden. In the XII century they were brought as a trophy, which turned out to be so valuable that after 500 years the Swedes tried to return it. The cross of the cathedral from World War II until 2002 was in Spain, where it was taken after one of the bombings. According to legend, the bird on it is a dove, petrified by the horrors that occurred in the city during the reprisal of Ivan the Terrible. The miraculous icon of the Mother of God “The Sign” is stored in the cathedral, which once saved the city from invaders.
The city is named after the lake on the banks of which it is located. In the center of Valdai, a map with all the sights is drawn on the wall of a residential building. Another way to navigate the city is the subway. True, it is virtual. But, despite this, tourists will be willingly sold a scheme with landmark stations and even a real token.
- Museum of bells. In the time of Ivan the Terrible, it was decided to transport the bell from St. Sophia Cathedral to Moscow. But on the Valdai mountains the sledges skidded and they rolled over. The bell fell and crumbled into many small bells. Local residents gathered them and made copies. It is believed that the Valdai bell brings happiness to the house.
- County Museum - Valday's family album. Here the story is told through the fates of local residents, household items, habits, legends and photographs.
- Holy spring "Tekunok" located near the city. Its water has healing power: it cures eye diseases.
According to legend, the lake got its name from the name of a beautiful young man who every day at dawn came to wash his face. Water, reflecting a beautiful face, woke up and began to splash. And in the noise of the waves, “Valda, Valda, Valda” was heard.
According to another version, the name was given to the lake by Finno-Ugric tribes. In their dialect, it means "bright, living water."
There is also a version that Valdai comes from the Moldavian “Balta”, i.e. “A lake in a swampy land” or from the Slavic “volot”, which translates as “sovereign”.
In ancient times, the brothers Ilmen and Seliger fell in love with one girl - the Volga. The beauty chose Seliger, but Ilmen could not stand it and cursed the opponent.
He crouched and could not get up from the ground. Ilmen realized that he had done terrible things and, to punish himself, lay down next to his brother. And so the lake of the same name appeared.
Waterfall on the river Priksha
Priksha is a shallow river, the channel of which runs through a picturesque fir forest. Not far from the village of Galitsa, it passes through a hill of limestone.
The current eroded in it a shallow canyon, having a cascade of two small waterfalls.
Mound Noise Mountain
According to one legend, the name Shum-gora received for the crying coming from it during the rain.
In a different way, because you can hear from her the church service taking place in the neighboring village. Although there is an opinion that the church is buried inside the mountain right with the parishioners, and the sound comes from it.
It is also believed that somewhere here is the grave of Prince Rurik.
German Memorial Cemetery
More than 30 thousand soldiers rest in the German cemetery in the village of Korpovo. Their remains are brought here from all over the region.
Mass places of death are knocked out on one of the stones. The cemetery was designed and built by the Germans, at their expense, order is maintained on it.
They say that paths are cleared here, even when the whole village in the snow is waist-deep.
Travel Palace of Alexander I
The palace is a two-story mansion decorated with columns. It was built by architect Vasily Stasov for Alexander I on the shores of Lake Ilmen.
At the moment, the estate is under restoration, which will last until the end of 2019. After that, it will house a clay toy museum dedicated to the Ilmensky clay. This is a 15-meter cliff on the lake, which is a protected natural monument.
House-Museum of Nekrasov in Chudovo
Nikolai Alekseevich came to Chudovo to take a break from city troubles, to hunt, to chat with people. It was here that the poet met his last love and wife.
Here the "Miracle cycle" of 11 works was born, work on the "Contemporaries" was begun and the 4th chapter of the poem "To whom to live well in Russia" was written.
At one time, the estate was visited by many of the poet's friends: G.I. Uspensky, M.E. Saltykov-Shchedrin, N.K. Mikhailovsky, A.N. Pleshcheev.
The first exhibition was opened in 1971. Today you can see the interiors of Nekrasov times and the personal belongings of the poet’s family.
In the XIV century, three monks came to Vyazhishchi and decided to found a monastery here. The land was taken illegally. Because of what, for several years, peasants sued them. But the truth was recognized for the monastery.
The local buildings are decorated with tiles. They are used in the design of porches, walls, galleries, doors and drum heads. But it is still unknown where the mosaics were made.
- relics of St. Euthymius II,
- icons of Anthony Roman of Novgorod and the Blessed Matrona of Moscow,
- parts of the relics of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker.
In the XII century, Varlaam Khutynsky expelled demons by prayer from a “bad place” and founded a monastery on it, which until 1920 was a man’s.
However, it was closed, and the ministers betrayed by persecution. The building housed a military school, and later a psychiatric hospital.
In the war years, buildings were heavily damaged by bombing and until 1994 were empty. The nun’s monastery was revived, and since then she has become female.
The relics of Varlaam Khutynsky are stored on the territory of the monastery, and G. Derzhavin is also buried with his wife.
The monastery, named after the god of thunder Perun, today is dedicated to the Nativity of the Virgin. The temple appeared on the site of the pagan sanctuary after the baptism of Novgorod.
The building is small, but despite this, it has three entrances and it seems very spacious.
XIII century murals and pre-Mongol masonry have been preserved here. The facade of the building is plain and has no decorative elements.
Church of the Tikhvin Icon of the Mother of God
According to legend, in the middle of the XIV century the icon of the Mother of God of Tikhvin sailed along the Msta River to the village of Egly. Then the locals built a wooden church in her honor, which burned down during the Swedish intervention. Later, a chapel appeared at this place, in which Peter the Great, and later Catherine II, stopped to pray.
The icon has repeatedly shown miraculous power. According to local stories, one merchant's barge crashed on the rapids on the river, and he himself received serious injuries. Later he heard about the appearance of the icon in Egl and went there with prayer. The pristine one healed him, and then the merchant donated funds for the construction of a stone temple. The remaining amount was collected by residents of nearby villages. The new building was completed in 1874.
In the days of the Bolsheviks, the church was used as a prisoner of war camp, and in the post-war period, as a warehouse. The revival of the church began in the 90s. They consecrated it in 2001.
Temple of Alexander Nevsky
After the construction of the railway station in 1865, the village of Okulovka needed a temple due to the increase in the population. Then the wooden church of the Nativity of the Holy Virgin from the village was moved here. Fraudsters
The stone building was built only after 36 years. A bell tower 37 meters high appeared next to him. The place for construction was chosen on the square, not far from the railway tracks. But because of this, the church suffered.
They say that in 1937 Lazar Kaganovich, the People’s Commissar of Railways, who ordered the destruction of a huge temple, came to the station.
But they did not blast the building because of the proximity of the paths. The domes and part of the bell tower were nevertheless dismantled. The church was closed and a cinema was established in it, and after - a sports school.
To date, the bell tower has almost been restored due to donations from a St. Petersburg businessman born in Okulovka, but the church still needs reconstruction.
Mysterious Sheregodro Lake
Sheregodro Lake is located in a chain of karst lakes located on the territory of Borovichi district of the Novgorod region. This lake has a harsh and even unpredictable character. There were years when its coastline far receded from the level. In other years, floods occurred, and the entire coastal zone with the trees went under water. Locals say that for several years in a row the lake was almost completely gone. But then it poured again. The reason for these phenomena has not yet been studied. The lake itself is very beautiful. However, only water tourists and those who explore the sights of the Novgorod region by car can see this beauty. Several kayaking routes pass through the lake.
Here you can set up a tent and enjoy the peace and tranquility. But there is an option and less extreme. On the eastern shore of the lake is a small recreation center. The conditions here are marching. You can rent a house, rent a boat, cook food. Facilities are on the street. To relax in such a unique place is a good option.
Continuing to describe the natural attractions of the Novgorod region, I would like to separately tell about one of the largest waterways of the north-west of Russia - Lake Velie. The lake occupies almost 25 kilometers of territory. Its shores are meandering. Many islands formed on the lake.
Fans of fishing, and just those who love the natural beauty of the lake will be revealed in full glory. There is a huge amount of perch and pike in it.
Before the war, it was a natural reservoir. After this, many unexploded mines remained on this territory and it was decided to artificially raise the lake level and flood a large territory.
The local administration consists of competent specialists, therefore the preservation of the lake is in good hands. You can fish here only by purchasing a ticket. During spawning, fishing is prohibited in some parts of the lake.
The water in the lake is so clean that it can be drunk directly from the reservoir. This is the best place to relax in nature.
Arboretum. The village of Opechensky Posad
Consider the sights of Borovichi in the Novgorod region. In Borovichi district there are many interesting places for tourists. One of them is the village of Opechensky Posad. Here is a unique arboretum. The first tree on this territory was planted in 1957 by a local resident Semen Ushakov.
After he began to bring new trees and shrubs from various reserves of Russia. Arboretum operates at the expense of personal funds and efforts of S. Ushakov. Local residents also help him. Here they dug a small pond, built a pier and an observation deck, made an artificial island. Several fountains were assembled from improvised materials. At the entrance to the park everyone is greeted by an unusual bear. There are thematic alleys, for example, for newlyweds or for sponsors. You can plant a tree on them yourself. Arboretum and much more can be visited upon arrival in Borovichi, Novgorod Region. Attractions are available both in the city itself and in its surroundings.
Today, the arboretum is under protection. This is a natural monument of regional importance. Semyon Ushakov recently left this world and the arboretum passed to the care of his daughters, who want to transfer the object to the state. Entrance to the park is free.
Sights of the Novgorod region consist not only of natural objects. There are amazing temple buildings here.
Holy Trinity Michael-Klop Monastery
The Orthodox monastery is located in a picturesque place - the mouth of the river Veryazhy. Nearby is Lake Ilmen. The monastery got its name due to the shape of the area on which it is located. Here the river Veryazha forms many branches, the shape of which as a whole resembles a bug.
There is another version of the origin of such an unusual name. In the annals of the monastery is mentioned since 1408. It was this year that one of the relatives of Dmitry Donskoy, Mikhail Klopsky, visited the monastery. His relics are to this day in the monastery as the main shrine.
In the 15th century, they built the Trinity Cathedral, which is the main monastery church. Later, the church of St. Nicholas the Wonderworker was erected.
At the beginning of the 19th century, a bell tower was installed on the territory.
Previously, the monastery was female, but during the war, temple buildings were badly damaged. Since 2005, the monastery was once again owned by the Russian Orthodox Church, but now as a man. They began to actively restore it.
Attractions Staraya Russa Novgorod region
Staraya Russa is located in the very center of the Novgorod region. This cozy little town is one of the oldest in the entire area. There are many interesting sights and places to relax. Staraya Russa is primarily famous for the fact that there is a balneological resort and the summer house of Dostoevsky F. M.
Entire legends go about the emergence of the city. One of them says that the two princes Rus and Sloven decided to found the cities of Slovensk and Rus near Lake Ilmen. Another legend mentions the tribes of Russia who lived on this territory before the arrival of the Vikings.
Since its founding, Staraya Russa has been considered the main center of salt production. Previously, there were only wooden houses, but after a fire that destroyed all buildings, the city began to be built up with stone buildings. Salt production almost stopped over time. More relevant are mud and mineral water. Therefore, the first balneo-mud resort in Russia was opened here.
Staraya Russa is also famous for the fact that F. M. Dostoevsky stayed here for a long time. The resort was visited by cultural figures and writers who served Dostoevsky as an inexhaustible source of inspiration. Here he finished many famous works.
Today in Staraya Russa is the house-museum of the writer, which receives visitors.
National park. Valdai
No less interesting are the sights of Valdai in the Novgorod region. These include the Valdai National Park. The purpose of its creation was the decision to preserve a unique complex of lakes and forests located on the Valdai Upland. There are all conditions for recreation.
The national park consists of forest lands, swamps, water, hayfields, roads and non-forest lands.
The nature here is amazing. On the one hand, the park borders on southern taiga, and on the other, on deciduous forests.
In ancient times, this place was inhabited by Slavic tribes. The remains of their presence have survived to this day. Here you can see the mounds, villages, hills.
In the 19th century, there were numerous estates with picturesque parks, attracting many writers, artists, poets and other creative personalities. Natural beauty combined with masterpieces of architecture attracted special attention.
The park has a great location. On its territory, recreation centers and camps for children were built.
Slavic village of the 20th century
Sights of the Novgorod region are scattered in all its parts. In Lyubytino there is a unique place - the open museum "Slavic Village of the 20th Century". This museum is a kind of imitation of a Slavic village. Here you can see all the tools of the past. Visit houses, a bakery, a blacksmith. All buildings are an exact copy of the buildings of the 20th century.
The museum is located on the territory of the Valdai Upland on the banks of the Msta River. This creation was the result of the implementation of the project "Deep Russia". For several years, scientists have created this masterpiece from the past. But now it is a real joy for tourists. Here they can be imbued with the atmosphere of life of past generations.
Description of the monument
The project is entirely based on archaeological research. Scientists practically in the original recreated the village of their ancestors.
The Slavic village consisted of several houses. The big house belonged to the head of the family, the rest belonged to relatives, children, grandchildren. All of them lived in small houses.
The buildings of the past were significantly different from modern ones. Even the building technology was different. Houses from the log house then served not so long and were built with primitive tools. Roofs were covered with turf. Used it as a heater. Moss was placed between the logs so that there were no cracks. The roof was protected from leaking birch bark.
In such houses, small ventilation openings served as windows. Going into the house at full height was impossible. The doors were low, due to this the heat did not come out of the house.
In each house there was a stove-heater. Stones stacked on top of each other. The masonry was not covered with cementing agents.
The barn was mounted on a platform so that rodents could not damage the stock.
In the house of the head of the clan, various classes were held. From childhood, children were taught various crafts and everyday duties.
There was no trace of luxury in the houses, only the most necessary items. Of furniture there was only a table with benches. The dishes were near the stove.
The uniqueness of the museum lies in the fact that during its construction they used the same tools as in antiquity. Tourists can also learn some crafts and tooling.
These are the sights of the Novgorod region. Photos only partially convey their beauty. You should definitely see it live.
6 sights of the Novgorod region
We went to Novgorod many times. So many that ripened on a big post on how to organize weekend trip in the region adjacent to Peter.
In fact, one day is not enough for sure - there are so many attractions in Veliky Novgorod and its environs that you won’t be able to see them all in one day. We still have not seen everything. In the meantime ... So far, based on our own experience, we will tell you about what automobile routes can be made.
This trip to Veliky Novgorod was a long time ago. In April 2009. But, taking into account the age of the attractions of the Novgorod region (some of them have been known since the 9th century), we can say that it was yesterday.
What to see in the Novgorod region? The first stop is “Lermontov was here”
If you plan a trip to Veliky Novgorod from St. Petersburg, you can make many very interesting stops. So we did a couple of years ago, taking a walk not only in Novgorod, but also once again getting acquainted with the sights of the Novgorod region.
The first stop is the Military Town. St. Petersburg geocaches know this place well, but the rest of it is little known. In order not to write a lot of letters, just give the text from the geocache website:
On the one hand, this attraction of the Novgorod region makes a grand impression. On the other - depressing. No one thinks to restore it.
The location for those who want to call in and see these impressive ruins: the Novgorod region, the Chudovsky district, the village of Selishche. Coordinates: N 58 ° 53.750 ′ E 31 ° 40.055 ′. Having examined these grandiose ruins, you can take another route - to Borovichi.
We examine the remnants of the town and drive on - the trip to Veliky Novgorod is just beginning. The story about the city itself deserves a separate post, and in this trip report we just say that after the Military Town a car without stops brought us to the city, and we walked around the Kremlin. And then again began to inspect the surroundings.
What to see in the Novgorod region? Second stop - Vitoslavitsy
There is probably no one in St. Petersburg or Moscow who has not heard about this museum of wooden architecture. But since we are writing a report on a trip by car, we need to mention. Suddenly this post will be read somewhere in Krasnoyarsk before a trip to Novgorod? Or were you there but don’t know the history of the place? Then it will be useful for you to read.
Vitoslavitsy is a museum of folk wooden architecture a couple of kilometers from Veliky Novgorod. The name is due to the village, located here in the 12-18 centuries. The foundation date of the museum of wooden architecture is 1964.
There are residential wooden houses and churches brought from the surrounding villages. Festivals and festivities are held. But, to be sincere and honest, this is not the best museum of its kind. The Museum of Wooden Architecture in Kostroma liked much more. But Ukrainian Pirogovo has no competitors at all.
What to see in the Novgorod region? Stop fifth - Klopsky Monastery
Twenty kilometers from Novgorod towards Shimsk, and on our trip to Novgorod the next stop. The monastery began to be actively restored only in the 21st century and now it will be interesting to drop into it for those who last visited it about ten years ago. Changes to the face. This makes me happy.
The first mention of the Klopsky monastery dates back to the 15th century - there was, they say, some kind of wooden church in these parts. The monastery was rebuilt many times and has survived to the present day as it was built in the 16th century. In 1568, Ivan the Terrible came to the monastery.
When we arrived at the monastery, he looked like this:
We need to call in and see how much the restorers and builders have advanced.
Coordinates: N 58 ° 24.202 ′ E 31 ° 6.000 ′.
What to see in the Novgorod region? Stop six - Perekomsky Monastery
If everyone who came to Novgorod knows about the Yuriev Monastery, then the Perekomsky Monastery is not very popular among tourists. Actually, almost nothing was left of the monastery.
A tiny chapel is hiding from human eyes among the bushes, and you will not notice it right away ... It is a pity that we could not find old photographs of the pre-war period. One hundred years ago, no one would probably know what the monastery looked like ... Coordinates for those wishing to call in: N 58 ° 19.547 ′ E 31 ° 3.091 ′.
This was the first route to the attractions of the Novgorod region.
All hotels of Novgorod region - >> During the second weekend trip to these parts, we went skiing to Nikola on Lipna, on foot to several little-known churches and went around Rurikov Gorodische. About it in the next post.