The site contains the sights of Eastern Iceland - photos, descriptions and travel tips. The list is based on popular guides and is presented by type, name and rating. Here you will find answers to questions: what to see in Eastern Iceland, where to go and where are the popular and interesting places of Eastern Iceland.
Hekla Volcano, also called the "gate to hell" - an active stratovolcano.
The oldest recorded Hekla eruption occurred in 1104, but scientists know for sure that it has been active for at least 6,600 years.
The length of the mountain range, which includes the Hekla volcano, is 40 kilometers. And the most active part of the volcano is a crack in the rock 5.5 km long. The volcano got its name - Hekla because its top is almost always covered with clouds - like a cloak, because the literal translation of Hekla is a short cloak with a hood.
Her middle name - “Gate to Hell” - Hekla received from the monks. So, in the poem of the monk Benedith from 1120 about the adventures of St. Brendan, the volcano is referred to as the prison of Judah. And in the 16th century, Caspar Peucer wrote that the gates of hell could be found in the bottomless halls of Hekla, and the belief that Hekla was the gate to hell persisted until 1800. There is another story that says that witches gather here every Easter.
Over the past 900 years, more than 20 strong eruptions of the Hekla volcano have occurred. The last volcanic eruption was recorded on February 28, 2000.
Blue Icelandic glaciers are the hallmark of this extraordinary northern country. Well, the Vatnajokull glacier is one of the largest not only in Iceland, but also in Europe. The unusual local relief is explained by the action of underground volcanoes that erupted directly below the surface of the ice.
The glacier landscapes are really stunningly beautiful and are fertile ground for amateur photographers. In addition, the line of sight on the glacier is one of the largest and is even listed in the Guinness Book of Records. The view opens up to 550 meters.
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The Thorsardalur Valley impresses with its diverse landscape and rich colors.
One has only to see this picturesque picture once in order to fall in love with it forever. Against the background of sandy lava fields, the greenery of dwarf birches looks contrasting, and local rivers and waterfalls add all shades of blue to this natural idyll, which makes the Thorsardalur valley unimaginably beautiful.
Here is the longest river in Iceland - Thorsau, it is the most important source of electricity in the country.
In addition, it is from the Thorsardalur valley that a view of Iceland's most active volcano, Hekla, opens. By the way, in 1104, after the period of settlement of the island, the volcano woke up without warning and wiped out 20 farms in the Tjorsardalur valley.
In photo mode, you can view the sights in East Iceland only by photographs.
Höpn is the capital of the southeastern region of Iceland, Hornafjordur.
It stretched along the seashore: from the glacial deserts of Skeydara to the distant East fjords. Höpn is notable for two peninsulas in the form of horns protruding into the sea, they are decorated with two magnificent mountains - Eistrahorn and Westrahorn.
Höpn is a popular holiday destination for travelers eager to gain knowledge about the glaciers, about changes in their structure and the expeditions and explorations taking place on them. Locals will be happy to become guides on the local Vatnajokullu glacier. Here you will find all the necessary equipment for walking along the glacier. In addition, in Hepne there is a very curious and the only museum in the country dedicated to this glacier.
The Pearl Building
The Pearl building is a failed hot water storage facility. This unique architectural complex was built in 1988 and is one of a kind not only in Iceland, but throughout the world.
On the hill of Oskjahlid, on top of huge tanks filled with natural hot water for heating the city, a dome was installed. Under the dome is a revolving restaurant serving gourmet cuisine.
In addition, there are also the Museum of sagas telling the history of the Vikings, a cafe and a gift shop.
Around the dome is an observation deck of the city and its environs with a 360-degree view. You can view the magnificent panorama in detail using one of the six telescopes installed here.
On the ground floor there is an exhibition space of about 1000 cubic meters, called the "winter garden". It often hosts exhibitions, fairs and concerts.
An artificial geyser has been created inside the building, which beats every few minutes.
Oskjahlid Hill, where the Pearl is located, is a pleasant forest area with numerous paths and is ideal for walking.
Leygardalur Valley - everyone’s favorite park for family recreation and entertainment.
On the territory of Leigardalur there is a large outdoor pool, you can swim in it all year round thanks to the thermal springs. In addition, the park houses Reykjavik's main sports stadium and the Laugarsholla Sports and Exhibition Center. Here everyone will find something to their liking: walking and jogging paths, open football fields and an indoor ice rink. A botanical park, a zoo and an amusement park will delight young travelers.
Hofsjökull is the third largest glacier in Iceland (after Vatnajökull and Laoundökull). It covers 996 km & sup2 and has a volume of 208 km & sup3, as well as the largest active volcano on the island. The highest point of the glacier is located at an altitude of 1765 meters above sea level.
From this glacier, the Thiorsau River (the longest river in Iceland), Blandau and Hvitau (a tributary of the Yolfus River), rich in hydropower resources, originate.
Hofsjökull's ice dome has a diameter of almost 40 kilometers! Its largest basin is 7x11 kilometers in size, but in addition to it, the glacier has a number of volcanic outlets. Fumarole activity, concentrated in the middle of the complex, is the strongest on the island, in other words, while the volcano is dormant, it releases the largest amount of water vapor and other gases into the atmosphere from all the available glaciers in Iceland.
Mineral Museum of Petra
Since 1946, Petra’s house in Stodvarfjordur has housed a collection of minerals she has collected. Petra began collecting minerals as a child. Fortunately, this area is very rich in them, some stones from the collection of Petra are 10 thousand years old. From year to year she replenished her museum with new stones, and now all these minerals collected with love can be seen in Stodvarfjordur.
The minerals collected by Petra make up one of the most magnificent and largest private collections in the world.
About 20 thousand tourists visit the Petra Museum every year, and Petra herself has not lived in her house for a long time, but comes here once a week to chat with visitors.
Hafragilsfoss is one of the largest waterfalls in the mountain ice river J & # 246 kuls Fj & # 246 llum. The waterfall collapses with a huge roar from a height of 27 meters (89 feet) and has a width of about 90 meters (300 feet).
You can see the waterfall on both sides of the river, but the east side is more accessible and there is a better view. To see the waterfall on the west side of the river, you must first survive a small adventure and overcome steep climbs with several rope ladders.
The view from here is very picturesque, so if travelers are close to this place, they must visit this waterfall either on their own or as part of excursions.
The most popular sights in East Iceland with descriptions and photographs for every taste. Choose the best places to visit famous places in Eastern Iceland on our website.
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Gunnuhver Geothermal Area: Gunnuhver can undoubtedly be called a must-see attraction, as it is the largest geothermal zone in Europe. In the last couple of years, the zone has been particularly active. In the vicinity of Gunnuhver, you can see fumaroles, mud craters, geothermal water fountains spouting from the ground and a huge amount of native sulfur.
Blue Lagoon: due to the temperature (on average 38-40 degrees) and the composition of the water (mineral salts and blue-green algae, as well as silicon), the water has a healing effect on the skin.
Kerid Crater with Lake, Kerið: Crater Lake in the south of Iceland, near the town of Selfoss. Located on the popular tourist route known as the Golden Ring
Gluvrafoss Waterfall, Gljúfrabúi: located 600 meters to the left of Seljyalandsfoss, Gljufrabui waterfall is much less visited by tourists, since it is not visible from the road, but hidden in a small grotto. At 600 meters from Seljalandsfoss, on the road to the Torsmörk Valley, there is Hamragarður camping - focus on it. Nearby you will find the gorge and the top of the waterfall
Seljalandsfoss Waterfall, Seljalandsfoss: located on the Seljalandsau river (Isl. Seljalandsá) and rises to 60m. over the cliffs of the former coastline. A deep indent behind the waterfall allows you to move freely behind it, thereby observing Seljalandsfoss from all sides. It is especially recommended to visit the waterfall in the evening, when the lighting around the waterfall becomes more saturated.
Place of a car accident, Solheimasandur Plane Wreck: in 1973, a U.S. Air Force plane suddenly ran out of fuel and had to board Sólheimasandur Beach. No one was hurt, but the plane remained on the seashore. All expensive equipment was removed from it, and left to rot. With such an object, Icelandic landscapes become even more atmospheric.
Cliffs of Dyurholy, Dyrhólaey: many puffin birds inhabit these rocks. It is best to come to the Dyurkholy rocks before 10 a.m. or after 8 p.m. when the birds are at their nests.
Basalt beaches: near the small and lovely village of Vik, nearby are the famous cliffs of Durholi.
Canyon Fjaðrárgljúfur: canyon in the southeast of Iceland, which is known for its breathtaking beauty. It stretches up to 330 feet in depth, and below you can see the beautiful river Fja видrá. A canyon was formed due to the gradual erosion of running water that drained from the glaciers and washed rocks. A footpath along the eastern edge offers stunning views of both plains and glacial streams that flow down below.
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Svartifos Waterfall, Svartifoss: black waterfall or dark drop - a waterfall in the territory of the Skaftafel National Park in Iceland, which is one of the most popular attractions of the park. It is surrounded by unusual hexagonal columns of black lava, whence its name came from. These columns were created inside the lava flow, which cooled very slowly, which led to its crystallization.
Nature reserve Ingólfshöfði: a reserve with rocks and swamps, there are many different birds, including symbols of Iceland, puffins (puffins), guided tours to the reserve.
Jokulsarlon Ice Lagoon, Jökulsárlón Iceberg Lagoon: one of the most popular ice lagoons in Iceland. Many small icebergs in a beautiful bay, which is separated from the ocean by a small isthmus along which the highway passes.
Vatnajokull Glacier, Vatnajdkull glacier: The largest glacier on the island of Iceland. It is located in the southeastern part of the island and occupies 8% of its territory, or 8,133 km². Vatnajokull is the largest in Europe in volume, and third in terms of territory (after the North Island glacier and the Austfonne glacier).
Jökulsá River: nothing special is noteworthy, but the combination of the rapid current and the rocks around is very impressive.
Waterfall with basaltic rocks Litlanesfoss, Litlanesfoss: It is located in the east of Iceland, 30 kilometers from the city of Egilsstadir, where there are numerous craters and rocky cliffs. Litlanesfoss waterfall cuts across the ancient lava flow, frozen in the form of columns. When grinding such smooth geometric columns, there were helpers by the water of the Lagarflout River - severe winds and hot rays of sunlight. Currently, Litlanesfoss Waterfall and its environs attract tens of thousands of tourists every year from all over the world.
Dettifoss Waterfall, Dettifoss: located in the Vatnajökull National Park in the north of Iceland and is considered the most powerful waterfall in Europe. It is also the largest waterfall in Europe by water flow - the average water flow of the waterfall is about 193 cubic meters per second. Consumption often increases, especially if weather or volcanic activity triggers the melting of the Vatnajokull glacier. The waterfall is so powerful that the stones around it vibrate and you can even feel it just by putting your hand on them. Dettifoss is located on the Jökulsá á Fjöllum River, which originates in the Vatnajokull Glacier and is fueled by many other sources throughout its course along northeastern Iceland. The waterfall reaches a width of 100 meters, water falls down a distance of 45 meters in the Jökulsárgljúfur gorge.
Askya Crater with Lake Viti (Isl. Viti - Hell): geothermal lake located near the northern shore of Lake Esquivat, with a diameter of about 100m. and about 7 meters deep. The water in the lake is milky blue; its temperature ranges from 20 to 27 ° C. Around the lake there is a strong smell of sulfur, which led to the lake getting its current name
Geothermal zone Námafjall: the zone is located near the mountain of the same name in the north of Iceland. It is part of the volcanic system of the volcano Krafla, which is located 8 km to the north. Here you can see hot springs - from small gurgling fountains to vibrating pools with very hot water and burning steam and mud fumaroles.
Geothermal basin Jarðböðin við Mývat: A great alternative to the famous Blue Lagoon. Significantly fewer people and significantly less price. The water temperature throughout the bathroom is pleasant. The closer to the source, the hotter the water. When removed, the degree decreases. There are even equipped benches so you do not have to stand.
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Beautiful cave Grjótagjá cave: former bathhouse. In some year, a rock collapse made a cave out of the bathhouse. The view of the cave itself is quite beautiful. From numerous passages, light penetrates and very beautifully illuminates the water. You won’t get very far there, everywhere there is water. If you go up, you will be impressed by the elements. A break in the mountain is visible, quite deep, very long.When you imagine how everything collapsed here, it’s breathtaking! Bottom line: do not expect any gorgeous views, just enjoy what you saw for 10 minutes and further on the road.
Lake Mývatn: located in the northern part of the island. The lake is about 10 km long and about 8 km wide. There are more than 50 islands on the lake. Near the lake there are hot springs and sulfur deposits.
City Húsavík: The city is famous for the fact that most whale safaris depart from here. You can also find a whale museum in the city.
Godafoss Waterfall, Góðafoss: the shape of the waterfall resembles a crescent moon, flowing streams of water flow down the basalt columns and fall from a 12-meter height onto a flat plot of land. The columns divide the water stream into three parts, two parts of which are almost identical in width, the third part is apparently enclosed in a stone channel. This is another mystery of the waterfall, because in nature very rarely found regular geometric shapes. What is noteworthy: despite its small size, splashes from falling water are raised high into the sky, which is impossible not to notice even from a long distance. This waterfall always amazes the viewer, in a particularly cold season: the falling water freezes and does not reach its destination. At such moments, it seems that a certain magician stopped his time by the power of his gift, and only at his request the water was about to start its eternal dance again with a solid and impregnable stone. The name Godafoss in translation from the local language means "Waterfall of the Gods." This name is associated with the legend according to which the locals threw the idols of the first religions into the water before embracing Christianity in 999-1000. e. According to another legend, the locals named the waterfall in honor of the statues of the gods who once surrounded the approaches to the waterfall. Despite all the legends, the spectacle that can be seen “straddling” one of the stone columns of the waterfall cannot be described, especially in early autumn, when the fog, meeting the morning sun, spreads along the water surface and changes reality, transferring the observer to a distant, known only to him, fantasy world.
Rock Hvitserkur: on the coast of Hunaflowi Bay, in Iceland. Either a stone dinosaur, or a mammoth, or some other beast. The unusual rock Hvitserkur is 15 meters high. According to legend, this is a troll, petrified under the rays of the dawn sun. It quenches thirst with the water of the Greenland Sea.
Seal beach: if you want to watch fur seals and other pinnipeds, then you should go to Seal beach.
City Ísafjörður: in this town is located the Museum of the fjords, as well as a gate from the jaws of a whale. And in the vicinity there are puffin birds - a symbol of Iceland.
Bjargtangi Lighthouse: one of the best places to observe bird markets, as well as just a very beautiful place on the edge of Iceland.
Puffins or puffins on the island of Hafnarhólmi: excursions to the island of Hafnarhólmi, where many birds nest, including the symbol of Iceland - puffin.
Borgarhólmi: a place to observe puffins.
Ice Cave Into the Glacier: Laungjökull, with an area of 940 sq. M. km, is Iceland's second largest glacier. Below it are two volcanic systems: the western one in the region of the Prestahnukur volcano and the eastern one in the Thofadalur region. Access to the glacier is most convenient through the Kaldidalur valley, as well as along the Kjölur highway, laid between the Laungjökull and Hofsjökull glaciers. Large winding tunnels carved from ice allow you to explore the glacier from the inside.
Thingvellir City and District, Þingvellir: Thingvellir National Park is located in the southwestern part of Iceland, near the Reykjanes Peninsula. A UNESCO World Heritage Site. The lake on the section of tectonic plates, the Löchberg cliff, the Peningagya crater, the volcanic system and much more.
Geyser Geysir and Stokkur, Strokkur: a geyser in the southwestern part of Iceland in a geothermal area near the Hvitau River. Here, the temperature of rainwater rises by 1 ° C with a decrease in depth of every 20 cm. At a relatively shallow depth, the temperature of the water reaches its boiling point, and steam pushes it to the surface. Strokkur is only 40 meters from Geysir, but unlike Geysir, which is very rare and can be inactive for several years, Strokkur erupts every 4-6 minutes, releasing water to a height of 30 meters (98 feet) to the sky, but sometimes a geyser can quickly erupt up to three times in a row.
Gullfoss Waterfall, Gullfoss: one of the most beautiful, deepest and largest waterfalls in Iceland. It is believed that it is also one of the deepest waterfalls in Europe, because the island of Iceland, in a geographical sense, belongs to the European continent. Güdlfoss translated from Icelandic means "golden waterfall." It belongs to the most famous natural attractions of the country and is included in the so-called "Golden Ring"
Church Hallgrimskirkja: Lutheran church in Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland. This building is the fourth tallest building in Iceland, after the long-wave radio mast Hellisandur, the Eilar long-wave radio transmitter and the Smaratorg tower. The church is named after the poet and spiritual leader Hallgrimur Pietursson, author of the book Passion hymns (Hymns of Passion).
Geothermal basin Laugardalslaug: works from 6 to 22, input 600 ISK. In all geothermal pools of Iceland there is a Finnish sauna, sometimes a hammam and zones (mini-pools) with different temperatures (from 36 ° C to 43 ° C), and sometimes with different water composition.
Monument Sólfarið - Sun Voyager: “A solar wanderer” or “a solar traveler” - this is how one of the most uncomplicated, simple and therefore ingenious sculptures in the world is translated into Russian. Created in 1990 according to the sketches of the talented Icelandic artist Jon Gunnar Arnason, Sun Voyager was installed on the Reykjavik promenade in honor of the extremely significant date for residents of the country. This year marks the 200th anniversary of the capital of Iceland, and it was with this romantic sculpture that the “hero of the day” was decorated. Alas, the author of the monument did not live to see this, definitely, an important event in his life. Jon Gunnar was ill with leukemia, and even the sketch of “Voyager” was already seriously ill and he died exactly a year before the opening of the monument. So Sun Voyager became not only one of his last creations, but also, of course, the most famous.
Volcano Askja: active stratovolcano in the center of the Icelandic plateau, located in the eastern part of the Oudaudahröyn lava plateau (north of the Vatnajokull glacier, in the territory of the national park of the same name). The height of the volcano is 1516 m above sea level. Geologically, the mountains around Askya have arisen as a result of volcanic activity. Last eruption dated 1961
Vatnajökull National Park, Vatnajökull: The largest national park in Iceland. Its area is 1,200,000 ha - almost 12% of the territory of Iceland. The park was founded on June 7, 2008 and includes the former Jökulsaurgluvur National Parks, founded in 1973, and Skaftafel, founded in 1967.
Laki Volcanic Cleft: Laki shield volcano is located southeast of the Vatnajokul glacier. It is a 25 km long crack with about a hundred volcanic cones located on it. The highest is about 100 meters high. In this area you can walk only laid routes. The stones here are fragile, can crumble at the touch, and the moss does not recover for a long time. In 1783, a strong volcanic eruption in 8 months killed half of the cattle and 10,000 Icelanders. The lava river did not reach the town of Kirkubeiarklaustur, thanks to the fiery sermon of the local priest. And the consequences of the eruption were cold winters in Europe and America.
Kverkfjöll Ice Caves: Discovered in the 80s in Skattafel, Iceland, the Kverkfjöll ice cave has no doubt become one of the most famous ice caves in the world. Volcanic sources of hot water flowing under the glacier are available only in winter. General information: if you stop in the middle of the cave, you can hear the sound of ice, which destroys and moves.
Theistareykir Thermal Zone (Þeistareykir): thermal zone and geothermal station
Hekla Volcano, Hekla: volcano in the south of Iceland. Height - 1488 meters. Since 874 it erupted more than 20 times and is considered the most active volcano in Iceland. In the Middle Ages, Icelanders called it the Gateway to Hell. A study of volcanic ash deposits showed that the volcano has been active for at least the past 6,600 years. The last eruption occurred in 2000.
Hekla - part of a volcanic ridge 40 km long. However, the most active part of this ridge is a 5.5-km-long crack called Heklugjá, which belongs to Hekla volcano.
Akurey island with birds: has the largest colony of puffins (puffins), as well as cormorants, crests, eiders, gulls, milkwakes and several other seabirds. Dead ends nest on the island in burrows, which they dig for safety and warmth.
Colored mountains Landmannalaugar, Landmannalaugar: the pearl of the central mountains with breathtaking landscapes. Here you can take a walk in the vast expanses of untouched nature, enjoy a swim in the geothermal spring or simply relax on the soft carpet of moss and watch the clouds. Landmannalaugar rhyolite mountains - must-see
Hyaulparfoss Waterfall, Hjálparfoss: one of several waterfalls in the south of Iceland, located in the lava fields north of the Hekla stratovolcano, at the place where the Fossau (Isl. Fossá) and Thiorsau rivers merge. The waterfall is located 30 km east of the village of Floodir (Isl. Flúðir). You can get to the waterfall along the gravel path from Route 32, which runs through the Vikkar lava fields.
Hauifoss Waterfall, Háifoss: waterfall in the south of Iceland on the Fossau River, located near the volcano Hekla. The Fossau River, a tributary of the Thousau River, falls here from a height of 122 m. It is the second highest waterfall in Iceland.
From Stöng Farm, which was destroyed during the Hekla eruption and subsequently reconstructed, you can hike to the waterfall along the Fossau River. The whole journey lasts about 5-6 hours. Above the waterfall is a parking lot for tourists.
Church in the grass Hofskirkja: The most recent Hof turf church in Southeast Iceland was built in 1884.
Mountain and Views Kirkjufetl, Kirkjufell: a mountain in the western part of Iceland, is located near the city of Grundarfjörюрur on the western shore of the fjord of the same name in the north of the Snajfedsnes peninsula.
The name Kirkjufell (kirche mountain) mountain is due to the similarity in shape with the roof of the church. The mountain acquired steep slopes due to the flow around glaciers, over which towered like a nunataka.
Rocks, cave and Reynisdrangar beach, Reynisdrangar: basaltic sea cliffs located under Mount Reinisfjal near the village of Vic, in the south of Iceland, framed by a black sand beach, which in 1991 was recognized as one of the ten most beautiful non-tropical beaches in the world.
Fjallsárlón Glacial Lagoon: ice lagoon, not as popular as the neighboring Jokulsarlon, but not inferior to it in anything. Is that the number of tourists less.
Hafragilsfoss Waterfall: it is one of the largest waterfalls in the mountain ice river Jö kuls Fjö llum. The waterfall collapses with a huge roar from a height of 27 meters (89 feet) and has a width of about 90 meters (300 feet).
You can see the waterfall on both sides of the river, but the east side is more accessible and there is a better view. To see the waterfall on the west side of the river, you must first survive a small adventure and overcome steep climbs with several rope ladders. The view from here is very picturesque, so if travelers are close to this place, they must visit this waterfall either on their own or as part of excursions.
Skogafoss Waterfall: beautiful and powerful waterfall on the south coast of Iceland
Fjords of East Iceland
Deep fjords along the coast are a characteristic feature of East Iceland. Most settlements in the area are located on the banks of such fjords. The shores of the fjords turned out to be a convenient place for harbors, in which there are numerous vessels engaged in fishing.
The large number of fish in these places has also attracted many foreign tourists who want to fish in these northern waters. Especially many tourist fishermen came and comes from France. A historical friendship has developed between French fishermen and Icelanders living in the eastern fjord region and there is even a French museum in the town of Búðir in Fáskrúðsfjörður.
Relatively recently, the largest hydroelectric power station in Iceland was built near Karanjukar.
Perhaps the most interesting city in the East Fjords is the town of Sturvarfjordur. Among the attractions of the city are a museum with a large collection of minerals and a church that serves as a guest house.
At the mouth of the Seyðisfjörður Fjord is the Skálanes Visitor Center. There you can watch closely the life of bird colonies that nest on the rocks. There is almost no fear of birds and you can get quite close to them!
The small seaside village of Borgarfjörður Eystri is an hour's drive from Egilsstaðir. Good place for hiking in the fjord area.
Vatnayokull Glacier is Iceland's largest glacier, as well as the largest in Europe. It covers an area of approximately 8,100 square kilometers. Vatnajokull glacier ice thickness - up to 1000 meters . However, the average thickness is 400 - 500 meters, which is also very much. This is approximately the height of a 150 storey building. The total volume of Vatnajokull ice is probably about 3300 cubic kilometers.
In 2008, the Vatnajokull Glacier and its magnificent landscapes were declared a national park. Two existing national parks, Skaftafell in the south and Jokulsarglufur in the north, as well as several nature reserves, were combined in the newly formed Vatnajökull National Park, thus creating largest national park in Europe. Vatnajokull National Park covers 13% of Iceland. The park demonstrates an amazing variety of landscape features formed by the powerful forces of nature.
The Vatnajokull Glacier is named after the lakes located under the glacier in a very volcanic active region in its center.
An ice cap covers a undulating mountain plateau. The height of the peaks reaches 600-800 meters above sea level. The plateau is cut by numerous valleys filled with ice and canyons with steep walls.
The most breathtaking views open from the south, where glacier tongues descend from the mountains. One of the languages of the glacier is located next to the highest mountain in Iceland - Öræfajökull peak height of 2110 meters above sea level. This peak has a separate name - Hvannadalshnukur. By the way, this is the volcano that last erupted in 1728.
There is also one of Iceland’s most famous volcanoes, Eyyafjädlajökull. It was he who, during the eruption in 2010, paralyzed air traffic throughout Europe.
Volcanoes of Iceland - list of the most dangerous
Iceland is at the junction of two lithospheric plates: Eurasian and North American. Therefore, Iceland is a place with one of the highest levels of volcanic activity.
If you like outdoor activities and hiking in the mountains, you can climb one of the peaks or just go trekking along the glacier with a guide.
Svartifoss - a waterfall surrounded by basalt columns
The Skaftafell Park also houses the magnificent Svartifoss Waterfall, falling from a wall of black basalt columns. This form of basalt is called - hexagonal columns, they have 6 faces.
Svartifoss Waterfall is a popular tourist attraction worth visiting. especially if you are traveling around Iceland by car on the No. 1 ring road.
The Skaftafell Information Center has ample (free) parking.Several maps and information boards on which you will find all the necessary information about hiking trails, the glacier and the Svartifoss waterfall.
Read more about the waterfall here:
Svartifoss Waterfall, Svartifoss
In the Skaftafell National Park, there is a famous tourist attraction - Svartifoss waterfall, Svartifoss (Black Falls). The name of the Svartifoss waterfall comes from.
Hiking trails in the park are well marked. Walking to the Svartifoss waterfall from the parking lot and the info center takes about 1-1.5 hours round-trip. The trail is easy, but constantly goes a little uphill. You don’t even need a map.
Jokulsarlon Glacial Lagoon
South of the Vatnajokull Glacier, there is the Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon. It is sandwiched between the sea and the edge of the glacier.
Perhaps this place is one of Iceland's most famous landmarks.
A few years ago in the ice lagoon they shot a film about James Bond - "Die, but not now."
The Jokulsarlon Glacier Lagoon is one of Iceland's most amazing natural wonders and one of the most popular tourist attractions.
Jokulsarlon Ice Lagoon, Jokulsarlon, Jökulsárlón
In the southeast of Iceland you will find an ice lagoon with large blocks of ice. This ice lagoon has become one of Iceland's most popular attractions.
The lagoon began to form in 1934, when the glacier began to melt and recede from the sea. In 1956, the size of the lagoon was 4.5 square kilometers, and in 1975 the lagoon reached 8 square kilometers. Today, the size of the lagoon is estimated to be about 25 square kilometers, and it is constantly increasing, as about 500 square meters of ice slide into the lagoon from the glacier every year.
Jokulsarlon is also considered the deepest lake in Iceland. The maximum depth of about 260 meters is where the glacier slides into the water.
Litlanesfoss and Hengifoss Waterfalls
Hengifoss - one of the highest waterfalls in Iceland, the height is 128 meters.
The waterfall falls from the upper plateau into a huge gorge. The waterfall falls down surrounded by a semicircle of rocks, on which various layers of volcanic eruptions are clearly visible in the Tertiary period, when Iceland was formed.
From the parking lot to the waterfall you need to go along the path for about 40-60 minutes. Along the way is another amazing waterfall called Litlanesfoss. It is surrounded by exceptional high basalt columns, which makes it completely unique and photogenic.
The river flows into Lake Lagarfiot, where the world-famous snake monster Lagarfljotsormur lives. More details about this legend will be written below.
In the surrounding area you will find great hotels, restaurants and entertainment.
Tracking in East Iceland
If you move further north, you will find yourself in a place where volcanoes are practically under the ice cap of the Vatnajokull glacier, and the forces of fire and ice are constantly fighting.
One of the most famous and spectacular volcanoes are: Kverkfjöll, Bárðarbunga and Grímsvötn are Iceland's most active volcano, which erupts every 5-10 years.
What to see in Iceland first?
Let's talk about what sights of Iceland should be seen first of all. Having studied the recommendations of experienced guides and reviews of experienced travelers, you can make the following rating:
Interesting places in Iceland begin with this small town, rich in museums, natural beauties and temples. You can pay a visit to the Ethnographic and City Museums, the Whale Museum and the old wooden church - a symbol of faith of the country's indigenous people. Adult tourists are invited to visit the phallus museum. Here is an exhibition of canned genitals of various animals of the world.
Once in Husavik, you will explore the best sights of Iceland surrounded by lakes and waterfalls. Be sure to swim in the geothermal pools, whose healing waters cure many diseases,
2. Gudlfoss waterfall
Excursions in Iceland rarely do without visiting the country's largest, deepest and most beautiful “golden” waterfall. Two steps with a height of 11 meters and 21 meters, and a depth of water fall of up to 70 meters made this attraction one of the most visited and beloved by tourists. Arriving here, you can make unique photos. The location of the object is no less interesting - the glacial river Hvitau. You can get there either by sightseeing bus or by car - on a good asphalt road (there are not only a cafe near the waterfall, but also free parking for cars),
3. Thingvedlir National Park
If you don’t know what to visit in Iceland first, come see the famous canyons, valleys and lakes (including Lake Thingwallavatn) of the National Park. A natural site cut by volcanic faults is listed as a UNESCO Heritage Site. No review can convey the beauty of these places.
Here is the world-famous Wish Lake and Penny Canyon. If you have a treasured desire, just throw a coin into the lake. If it reaches the bottom, your dream will be fulfilled,
The main attractions of Iceland are not only natural, but also historical. Such as a masterpiece of Art Nouveau architecture - the Lutheran Cathedral of Hallgrimskirkja. The huge height of the building allows you to see it from anywhere in the city of Reykjavik.
But do not limit yourself to a superficial look - personally visit the sanctuary, and enjoy the impressive appearance of the church from the inside. The interior of the building is decorated with a traditional nave and huge Gothic windows. If you are lucky, you can buy a ticket to theocratic performances, poetry evenings, concerts and other social events held here in addition to Lutheran rites,
5. Dettifoss Waterfall
Your trip to the country will not be successful if, while exploring the sights of Iceland, you will not see the most powerful and "most bubbling" waterfall in Europe. The natural monument is located in the Jekyulsaarghluvure National Park. Filming of R. Scott's science fiction film Prometheus was held here. According to the legend of the picture, the waterfall has become a place of "the origin of life itself",
8. Northern Lights
In order to see a bewitching sight and an incredible cosmic phenomenon, you should choose hotels in Iceland, located near the park Hlomskalagardur, the house of Perlan or the lighthouse of Grott. In addition, guides in Iceland can offer you a private trip, jeep or bus excursion in pursuit of Aurora Borealis,
9. The Great Geysir
Not sure where to go in Iceland? Head towards Lugerfall Hill and Huckle Volcano. In addition to these unique places, you can see the very first and largest geyser of the Golden Ring,
If you are primarily interested in the mysterious sights of Iceland, visit the center of the island, and your eyes will discover a geological phenomenon - Askya volcano. Local residents say that scientists are missing here. Your path will lie among no less interesting endless lava fields,
15. Skogafoss waterfall
We end the conversation about the must-see sights of Iceland by mentioning the island's most visited waterfall. As you know, on sunny days in the country you can see not an ordinary, but a double rainbow. So it is possible to contemplate it here. Skogafoss is interesting in any weather: unusual phenomena are generated by its water dust and splashes.
16. Volcano Lucky
We recommend Iceland's attractions such as Laki Volcano. He is often called the "bloodthirsty villain," because on his account more than 10 thousand claimed human lives.
If you want to take a break from exploring the natural monuments, visit the Perlan city boiler house. This is a magnificent building with a domed roof, its own conservatory and observation tower, and even shops. Location - Oskulid Hill.
Arriving on the island, you can give yourself a meeting with natural riches, cultural monuments and architectural masterpieces. In order not to miss all this, hire a qualified guide or make a travel itinerary in advance.
Also read about the best sights of Scotland and be inspired for your further trip to Europe!